Table 1-3
Ten leading causes of death by selected age groups, by sex, Canada1 — 15 to 24 years

15 to 24 years: Part 1
  Deaths
2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
  rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number
Both sexes  
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 2,096 ... 2,158 ... 2,247 ... 2,303 ... 2,328
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 822 1 910 1 950 1 995 1 1,015
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 479 2 463 2 475 2 417 2 509
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 3 165 4 160 3 152 3 158 3 156
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 4 157 3 161 3 152 4 132 4 136
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 5 65 5 53 5 52 5 55 5 67
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 6 45 6 42 6 39 6 42 6 34
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 32 7 14 7 21 8 15 8 13
Diabetes mellitus (E10‑E14) 8 9 9 11 8 15 9 13 7 18
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60‑I69) 8 9 7 14 9 11 7 17 9 11
In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00‑D48) 10 7 14 4 12 7 11 9 11 7
  rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 39.2 1 42.2 1 42.3 1 43.2 1 43.6
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 22.9 2 21.5 2 21.1 2 18.1 2 21.9
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 3 7.9 4 7.4 3 6.8 3 6.9 3 6.7
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 4 7.5 3 7.5 3 6.8 4 5.7 4 5.8
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 5 3.1 5 2.5 5 2.3 5 2.4 5 2.9
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 6 2.1 6 1.9 6 1.7 6 1.8 6 1.5
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 1.5 7 0.6 7 0.9 8 0.7 8 0.6
Diabetes mellitus (E10‑E14) 8 0.4 9 0.5 8 0.7 9 0.6 7 0.8
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60‑I69) 8 0.4 7 0.6 9 0.5 7 0.7 9 0.5
In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00‑D48) 10 0.3 14 0.2 12 0.3 11 0.4 11 0.3
  rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 45.8 ... 47.5 ... 49.8 ... 51.9 ... 53.0
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 18.0 1 20.0 1 21.1 1 22.4 1 23.1
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 10.5 2 10.2 2 10.5 2 9.4 2 11.6
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 3 3.6 4 3.5 3 3.4 3 3.6 3 3.6
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 4 3.4 3 3.5 3 3.4 4 3.0 4 3.1
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 5 1.4 5 1.2 5 1.2 5 1.2 5 1.5
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 6 1.0 6 0.9 6 0.9 6 0.9 6 0.8
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 0.7 7 0.3 7 0.5 8 0.3 8 0.3
Diabetes mellitus (E10‑E14) 8 0.2 9 0.2 8 0.3 9 0.3 7 0.4
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60‑I69) 8 0.2 7 0.3 9 0.2 7 0.4 9 0.3
In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00‑D48) 10 0.2 14 0.1 12 0.2 11 0.2 11 0.2
15 to 24 years: Part 2
  Deaths
2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
  rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number
Males  
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 1,482 ... 1,542 ... 1,632 ... 1,652 ... 1,645
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 615 1 675 1 721 1 720 1 753
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 349 2 344 2 359 2 331 2 378
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 3 135 3 141 3 128 3 108 3 114
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 4 100 4 91 4 97 4 102 4 87
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 5 43 5 44 5 36 5 38 5 44
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 6 23 6 21 6 18 6 26 6 16
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 19 7 7 7 10 8 9 8 9
Diabetes mellitus (E10‑E14) 8 8 9 6 8 9 9 8 7 10
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60‑I69) 9 6 7 7 9 7 7 11 9 8
In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00‑D48) 10 4 16 2 15 2 10 7 11 4
Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40‑J47) 10 4 14 3 11 6 11 5 16 3
Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids (J69) 10 4 19 1 14 3 17 2 11 4
  rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 41.5 1 43.8 1 44.2 1 43.6 1 45.8
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 23.5 2 22.3 2 22.0 2 20.0 2 23.0
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 3 9.1 3 9.1 3 7.8 3 6.5 3 6.9
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 4 6.7 4 5.9 4 5.9 4 6.2 4 5.3
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 5 2.9 5 2.9 5 2.2 5 2.3 5 2.7
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 6 1.6 6 1.4 6 1.1 6 1.6 6 1.0
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 1.3 7 0.5 7 0.6 8 0.5 8 0.5
Diabetes mellitus (E10‑E14) 8 0.5 9 0.4 8 0.6 9 0.5 7 0.6
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60‑I69) 9 0.4 7 0.5 9 0.4 7 0.7 9 0.5
In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00‑D48) 10 0.3 16 0.1 15 0.1 10 0.4 11 0.2
Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40‑J47) 10 0.3 14 0.2 11 0.4 11 0.3 16 0.2
Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids (J69) 10 0.3 19 0.1 14 0.2 17 0.1 11 0.2
  rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 63.2 ... 66.2 ... 70.6 ... 72.8 ... 73.1
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 26.2 1 29.0 1 31.2 1 31.7 1 33.5
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 14.9 2 14.8 2 15.5 2 14.6 2 16.8
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 3 5.8 3 6.1 3 5.5 3 4.8 3 5.1
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 4 4.3 4 3.9 4 4.2 4 4.5 4 3.9
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 5 1.8 5 1.9 5 1.6 5 1.7 5 2.0
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 6 1.0 6 0.9 6 0.8 6 1.1 6 0.7
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 0.8 7 0.3 7 0.4 8 0.4 8 0.4
Diabetes mellitus (E10‑E14) 8 0.3 9 0.3 8 0.4 9 0.4 7 0.4
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60‑I69) 9 0.3 7 0.3 9 0.3 7 0.5 9 0.4
In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00‑D48) 10 0.2 16 0.1 15 0.1 10 0.3 11 0.2
Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40‑J47) 10 0.2 14 0.1 11 0.3 11 0.2 16 0.1
Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids (J69) 10 0.2 19 0.0 14 0.1 17 0.1 11 0.2
15 to 24 years: Part 3
  Deaths
2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
  rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number rank 2 number
Females  
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 614 ... 616 ... 615 ... 651 ... 683
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 207 1 235 1 229 1 275 1 262
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 130 2 119 2 116 2 86 2 131
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 3 65 3 69 3 55 3 56 3 69
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 4 22 6 9 6 16 5 17 4 23
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 4 22 4 21 5 21 6 16 6 18
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 4 22 5 20 4 24 4 24 5 22
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 13 7 7 7 11 7 6 10 4
Septicaemia (A40‑A41) 8 5 12 3 14 2 11 4 15 2
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease (B20‑B24) 9 4 25 0 16 1 17 1 10 4
Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00‑O99) 9 4 11 4 10 4 12 3 8 5
  rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent rank 2 percent
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0 ... 100.0
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 33.7 1 38.1 1 37.2 1 42.2 1 38.4
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 21.2 2 19.3 2 18.9 2 13.2 2 19.2
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 3 10.6 3 11.2 3 8.9 3 8.6 3 10.1
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 4 3.6 6 1.5 6 2.6 5 2.6 4 3.4
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 4 3.6 4 3.4 5 3.4 6 2.5 6 2.6
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 4 3.6 5 3.2 4 3.9 4 3.7 5 3.2
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 2.1 7 1.1 7 1.8 7 0.9 10 0.6
Septicaemia (A40‑A41) 8 0.8 12 0.5 14 0.3 11 0.6 15 0.3
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease (B20‑B24) 9 0.7 25 0.0 16 0.2 17 0.2 10 0.6
Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00‑O99) 9 0.7 11 0.6 10 0.7 12 0.5 8 0.7
  rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3 rank 2 age-specific rate 3
Total, all causes of death (A00‑Y89) ... 27.6 ... 27.8 ... 28.0 ... 30.1 ... 31.9
Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01‑X59, Y85‑Y86) 1 9.3 1 10.6 1 10.4 1 12.7 1 12.2
Intentional self-harm (suicide) (X60‑X84, Y87.0) 2 5.8 2 5.4 2 5.3 2 4.0 2 6.1
Malignant neoplasms (C00‑C97) 3 2.9 3 3.1 3 2.5 3 2.6 3 3.2
Diseases of heart (I00‑I09, I11, I13, I20‑I51) 4 1.0 6 0.4 6 0.7 5 0.8 4 1.1
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00‑Q99) 4 1.0 4 0.9 5 1.0 6 0.7 6 0.8
Assault (homicide) (X85‑Y09, Y87.1) 4 1.0 5 0.9 4 1.1 4 1.1 5 1.0
Influenza and pneumonia (J09‑J18) 7 0.6 7 0.3 7 0.5 7 0.3 10 0.2
Septicaemia (A40‑A41) 8 0.2 12 0.1 14 0.1 11 0.2 15 0.1
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease (B20‑B24) 9 0.2 25 0.0 16 0.0 17 0.0 10 0.2
Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00‑O99) 9 0.2 11 0.2 10 0.2 12 0.1 8 0.2
1.
The geographic distribution of deaths in this table is based on the deceased's usual place of residence. Counts in this table exclude deaths of non-residents of Canada.
2.
The ranking of the leading causes of death is based on the number of deaths.
3.
The age-specific mortality rates per 100,000 population use the population estimates in the Appendix 3 as denominator.
Note(s):
See "Introduction", "Glossary" and "Definitions, data sources and methods" sections.
Source(s):
Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database (CANSIM table 102-0561).
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