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Appendix 2
List of 130 selected causes of infant death
Cause of death (based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, 1992)3

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  Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00 to B99)
1 Certain intestinal infectious diseases (A00 to A08)
2# Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of infectious origin (A09)
3# Tuberculosis (A16 to A19)
4# Tetanus (A33, A35)
5# Diphtheria (A36)
6# Whooping cough (A37)
7# Meningococcal infection (A39)
8# Septicaemia (A40 to A41)
9# Congenital syphilis (A50)
10# Gonococcal infection (A54)
  Viral diseases (A80 to B34)
11# Acute poliomyelitis (A80)
12# Varicella (chickenpox) (B01)
13# Measles (B05)
14# Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease (B20 to B24)
15# Mumps (B26)
16 Other and unspecified viral diseases (A81 to B00, B02 to B04, B06 to B19, B25, B27 to B34)
17# Candidiasis (B37)
18# Malaria (B50 to B54)
19# Pneumocystosis (B59)
20 All other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases (A20 to A32, A38, A42 to A49, A51 to A53, A55 to A79, B35 to B36, B38 to B49, B55 to B58, B60 to B99)
  Neoplasms (C00 to D48)
# Malignant neoplasms (C00 to C97)
21 Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (C81 to C85)
22 Leukaemia (C91 to C95)
23 Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms (C00 to C80, C88, C90, C96 to 97)
24# In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00 to D48)
# Diseases of blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D50 to D89)
25 Anaemias (D50 to D64)
26 Haemorrhagic conditions and other diseases of blood and blood-forming organs (D65 to D76)
27 Certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D80 to D89)
  Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00 to E88)
28# Short stature, not elsewhere classified (E34.3)
29# Nutritional deficiencies (E40 to E64)
30# Cystic fibrosis (E84)
31# Volume depletion, disorders of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance (E86 to E87)
32 All other endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00 to E32, E34.0 to E34.2, E34.4 E to 34.9, E65 to E83, E85, E88)
  Diseases of the nervous system (G00 to G98)
33# Meningitis (G00, G03)
34# Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, type I (Werdnig–Hoffman) (G12.0)
35# Infantile cerebral palsy (G80)
36# Anoxic brain damage, not elsewhere classified (G93.1)
37 Other diseases of nervous system (G04, G06 to G11, G12.1 to G12.9, G20 to G72, G81 to G92, G93.0, G93.2 to G93.9, G95 to G98)
38# Diseases of the ear and mastoid process (H60 to H93)
# Diseases of the circulatory system (I00 to I99)
39 Pulmonary heart disease and diseases of pulmonary circulation (I26 to I28)
40 Pericarditis, endocarditis and myocarditis (I30, I33, I40)
41 Cardiomyopathy (I42)
42 Cardiac arrest (I46)
43 Cerebrovascular diseases (I60 to I69)
44 All other diseases of circulatory system (I00 to I25, I31, I34 to I38, I44 to I45, I47 to I51, I70 to I99)
  Diseases of the respiratory system (J00 to J98)
45# Acute upper respiratory infections (J00 to J06)
# Influenza and pneumonia (J10 to J18)
46 Influenza (J10 to J11)
47 Pneumonia (J12 to J18)
48# Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis (J20 to J21)
49# Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified (J40 to J42)
50# Asthma (J45 to J46)
51# Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids (J69)
52 Other and unspecified diseases of respiratory system (J22, J30 to J39, J43 to J44, J47 to J68, J70 to J98)
  Diseases of the digestive system (K00 to K92)
53# Gastritis, duodenitis, and noninfective enteritis and colitis (K29, K50 to K55)
54# Hernia of abdominal cavity and intestinal obstruction without hernia (K40 to K46, K56)
55 All other and unspecified diseases of digestive system (K00 to K28, K30 to K38, K57 to K92)
  Diseases of the genitourinary system (N00 to N95)
56# Renal failure and other disorders of kidney (N17 to N19, N25, N27)
57 Other and unspecified diseases of genitourinary system (N00 to N15, N20 to N23, N26, N28 to N95)
  Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00 to P96)
  Newborn affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery (P00 to P04)
58# Newborn affected by maternal hypertensive disorders (P00.0)
59# Newborn affected by other maternal conditions which may be unrelated to present pregnancy (P00.1 to P00.9)
# Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy (P01)
60 Newborn affected by incompetent cervix (P01.0)
61 Newborn affected by premature rupture of membranes (P01.1)
62 Newborn affected by multiple pregnancy (P01.5)
63 Newborn affected by other maternal complications of pregnancy (P01.2 to P01.4, P01.6 to P01.9)
# Newborn affected by complication of placenta, cord and membranes (P02)
64 Newborn affected by complications involving placenta (P02.0 to P02.3)
65 Newborn affected by complications involving cord (P02.4 to P02.6)
66 Newborn affected by chorioamnionitis (P02.7)
67 Newborn affected by other and unspecified abnormalities of membranes (P02.8 to P02.9)
68# Newborn affected by other complications of labour and delivery (P03)
69# Newborn affected by noxious influences transmitted via placenta or breast milk (P04)
  Disorders related to length of gestation and fetal malnutrition (P05 to P08)
70# Slow fetal growth and fetal malnutrition (P05)
# Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified (P07)
71 Extremely low birth weight or extreme immaturity (P07.0, P07.2)
72 Other low birth weight or preterm (P07.1, P07.3)
73# Disorders related to long gestation and high birth weight (P08)
74# Birth trauma (P10 to P15)
# Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia (P20 to P21)
75 Intrauterine hypoxia (P20)
76 Birth asphyxia (P21)
77# Respiratory distress of newborn (P22)
  Other respiratory conditions originating in the perinatal period (P23 to P28)
78# Congenital pneumonia (P23)
79# Neonatal aspiration syndromes (P24)
80# Interstitial emphysema and related conditions originating in the perinatal period (P25)
81# Pulmonary hemorrhage originating in the perinatal period (P26)
82# Chronic respiratory disease originating in the perinatal period (P27)
83# Atelectasis (P28.0 to P28.1)
84 All other respiratory conditions originating in the perinatal period (P28.2 to P28.9)
  Infections specific to the perinatal period (P35 to P39)
85# Bacterial sepsis of newborn (P36)
86# Omphalitis of newborn with or without mild haemorrhage (P38)
87 All other infections specific to the perinatal period (P35, P37, P39)
  Haemorrhagic and haematological disorders of newborn (P50 to P61)
88# Neonatal haemorrhage (P50 to P52, P54)
89# Haemorrhagic disease of newborn (P53)
90# Haemolytic disease of newborn due to isoimmunization and other perinatal jaundice (P55 to P59)
91# Haematological disorders (P60 to P61)
92# Syndrome of infant of a diabetic mother and neonatal diabetes mellitus (P70.0 to P70.2)
93# Necrotizing enterocolitis of newborn (P77)
94# Hydrops fetalis not due to haemolytic disease (P83.2)
95 Other perinatal conditions (P29, P70.3 to P70.9, P71 to P76, P78 to P81, P83.0 to P83.1, P83.3 to P83.9, P90 to P96)
# Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00 to Q99)
96 Anencephaly and similar malformations (Q00)
97 Congenital hydrocephalus (Q03)
98 Spina bifida (Q05)
99 Other congenital malformations of nervous system (Q01 to Q02, Q04, Q06 to Q07)
100 Congenital malformations of heart (Q20 to Q24)
101 Other congenital malformations of circulatory system (Q25 to Q28)
102 Congenital malformations of respiratory system (Q30 to Q34)
103 Congenital malformations of digestive system (Q35 to Q45)
104 Congenital malformations of genitourinary system (Q50 to Q64)
105 Congenital malformations and deformations of musculoskeletal system, limbs and integument (Q65 to Q85)
106 Down's syndrome (Q90)
107 Edward's syndrome (Q91.0 to Q91.3)
108 Patau's syndrome (Q91.4 to Q91.7)
109 Other congenital malformations and deformations (Q10 to Q18, Q86 to Q89)
110 Other chromosomal abnormalities, not elsewhere classified (Q92 to Q99)
  Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00 to R99)
111# Sudden infant death syndrome (R95)
112 Other symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00 to R53,R55 to R94, R96 to R99)
113 All other diseases (Residual) (F01 to F99, H00 to H57, L00 to M99)
  External causes of mortality (V01 to Y84)
# Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01 to X59)
  Transport accidents (V01 to V99)
114 Motor vehicle accidents (V02 toV04, V09.0, V09.2, V12 to V14, V19.0 to V19.2, V19.4 to V19.6, V20 to V79, V80.3 to V80.5, V81.0 to V81.1, V82.0 to V82.1, V83 to V86, V87.0 to V87.8, V88.0 toV88.8, V89.0, V89.2)
115 Other and unspecified transport accidents (V01, V05 to V06, V09.1, V09.3 to V09.9, V10 to V11, V15 to V18, V19.3, V19.8 to V19.9, V80.0 to V80.2, V80.6 to V80.9, V81.2 to V81.9, V82.2 to V82.9, V87.9, V88.9, V89.1, V89.3, V89.9, V90 to V99)
116 Falls (W00 to W19)
117 Accidental discharge of firearms (W32 to W34)
118 Accidental drowning and submersion (W65 to W74)
119 Accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (W75)
120 Other accidental suffocation and strangulation (W76 to W77, W81 to W84)
121 Accidental inhalation and ingestion of food or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract (W78 to W80)
122 Accidents caused by exposure to smoke, fire and flames (X00 to X09)
123 Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances (X40 to X49)
124 Other and unspecified accidents (W20 to W31, W35 to W64, W85 to W99, X10 to X39, X50 to X59)
# Assault (homicide) (X85 to Y09)
125 Assault (homicide) by hanging, strangulation and suffocation (X91)
126 Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms (X93 to X95)
127 Neglect, abandonment and other maltreatment syndromes (Y06 to Y07)
128 Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means (X85 to X90, X92, X96 to Y05, Y08 to Y09)
129# Complications of medical and surgical care (Y40 to Y84)
130 Other external causes (X60 to X84, Y10 to Y36)
1. National Center for Health Statistics, United States. Table C in “Instruction Manual; Part 9; ICD–10 Cause–of–Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics”.
2.The causes designated by # are ranked to determine leading causes of death for specified population groups.
3. World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD–10).