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Residential Care Facilities



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Residential care facilities 2005/2006

  1. There were 4,921 residential care facilities in Canada serving some 235, 916 residents at the end of the 2005/2006 financial year. This represented an increase of 2.3% in residents served over the previous year.
  2. The industry generated revenues and expenses of $13.7 and $13.5 billion, respectively, which is comparable to the gross domestic product for the agricultural sector ($15 billion). Both revenues and expenses were up approximately $1 billion over the preceding year.
  3. The profit margin for the industry was $183.4 million, or 1.3% of total revenues. This breaks down as follows: $141.5 million for homes for the aged, $31.8 million for facilities for persons with a mental disorder and $10.1 million for other facilities.
  4. These facilities employed some 117,746 full-time and 95,514 part-time employees, who worked 427.5 million hours, generating $8.8 billion in salaries and wages.
  5. Homes for the aged dominated the industry, accounting for 49% of facilities, 82% of beds and 80% of revenues. Facilities for persons with mental disorders followed with 45% of facilities, 15% of beds and 16% of revenues. “Other” facilities, including those for transients, physically disabled, delinquents and others not classified elsewhere, made up the rest.
  6. Homes for the aged spent $2,571 per person aged 65 years and older in Canada in 2005/2006. There was much provincial and territorial variation, ranging from $1,874 spent in British Columbia to $3,494 in Prince-Edward-Island and $6,530 in the Territories.
  7. The industry outside of Quebec had 1,762 non-profit facilities, 1,676 for-profit and 612 public-owned facilities. The size of facilities varied considerably by type of ownership. Public facilities were on average larger in size (74.6 beds per facility), followed by private facilities (52.5) and non-profit facilities (37.4).
  8. Most privately-owned facilities were homes for the aged (1,006 of 1,676 facilities) as were most publicly-owned ones (420 of 612). Most non-profit facilities (1,116 out of 1,762), however, provided care for persons with mental disorders.
  9. Expense levels also varied depending on the type of ownership. In homes for the aged, expenses-per-bed, on average, were lower in privately-owned facilities ($39,001) than in either non-profit ($52,845), or public facilities (59 421 $).