Life expectancy

Life expectancy in this article was calculated using abridged life tables based on the Greville method1 that converts mortality rates into probabilities of death.

Health region level

There are 123 Health regions in Canada that are defined by the provincial ministries of health for health planning and service delivery purposes. For complete Canadian coverage, each of the northern territories also represents a health region.2

Neighbourhood income

Used as a proxy for personal income, it is the average before-tax income by household member in each dissemination area. In census geography, a dissemination area is a small area with a population of 400 to 700 persons. The whole country is divided into dissemination areas.


  1. Greville, T. "United States life tables actuarial tables, 1939-1941." Public Health Service, Washington, 1946.
  2. Statistics Canada. "Health Regions and Peer Groups."Health Indicators (Statistics Canada Catalogue no.82-221-XWE). 2010 [cited 2011 January 7]; 2010 (1).
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