High school graduates
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High school graduation is the population aged 25 to 29 who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.
Parents' educational attainment and that of their children are strongly linked. Parents who dropped out of high school were more likely to have children who did the same, compared with parents who graduated. Factors at play include parental expectations, role modelling, and ability to navigate the educational system.1,2.
The number of siblings has been associated with educational attainment, perhaps because family resources are spread more thinly in a household with more children, making it less likely for each child to have the resources to pursue their education.1,2.
While working a moderate amount while attending school has been shown to be beneficial, working more than 20 hours per week is associated with dropping out1,3. This amount of work may reflect personal priorities or economic necessity. Either way, it likely interferes with completing school assignments.
Secondary students who had few friends planning to undertake postsecondary studies were less likely to pursue further education themselves2.
People who did not live in an intact family (two-parent, non-step family) were less likely to finish high school1.
Being male and of Aboriginal origin were associated with dropping out of high school2.
- In 2006, 87% of 25- to 29-year-olds had graduated from high school, up from 72% 10 years earlier.
- From 1996 to 2006, the percentage of graduates increased in all provinces and territories.
- Ontario and British Columbia consistently had high proportions of graduates among 25– to 29– year– olds over the 10 year period.
- Nunavut and the Northwest Territories had low percentages of high school graduates among 25– to 29– year–olds. The lower percentages may reflect, in part, the inter–provincial/territorial migration of people with high school diplomas or more.
Educational Portrait of Canada, 2006 Census (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 97-560) Ottawa: 2008.