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A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

September 2014

Positive mental health and mental illness

by Heather Gilmour

The World Health Organization defines mental health as "a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community.� This definition emphasizes that mental health is more than the absence of mental illness. Knowledge about the prevalence and determinants of mental health is important for informing promotion and intervention programs.

Symptom onset, diagnosis and management of osteoarthritis

by Karen V. MacDonald, Claudia Sanmartin, Kellie Langlois and Deborah A. Marshall

Osteoarthritis affects more than 10% of Canadians aged 15 or older. It can result in disability and the need for joint replacement surgery. The strong association between osteoarthritis and advancing age means that as the population of Canada ages, it is important to understand the prevalence and impact of the condition and strategies that individuals use to manage their symptoms. The time between symptom onset and physician diagnosis is a period when people with osteoarthritis can make lifestyle changes to reduce pain, improve function and delay disability.

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