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1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Life with Arthritis in Canada: A Personal and Public Health Challenge. 2011. Available at: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cd-mc/arthritis-arthrite/lwaic-vaaac-10/index-eng.php. Accessed: May 31, 2012.

2. Bombardier C, Hawker G, Mosher D. The Impact of Arthritis in Canada: Today and Over 30 Years. Arthritis Alliance of Canada, 2011. Available at: http://www.arthritisalliance.ca/images/PDF/eng/Initiatives/20111022_2200_impact_of_arthritis.pdf. Accessed: April 10, 2012.

3. Canadian Institute for Health Information. Seniors and the Health Care System: What is the Impact of Multiple Chronic Conditions? 2011. Available at: https://secure.cihi.ca/free_products/air-chronic_disease_aib_en.pdf. Accessed: May 31, 2012.

4. Kopec JA, Rahman M, Berthelot J, et al. Descriptive epidemiology of osteoarthritis in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Rheumatology 2007; 34(2): 386-93.

5. de Guia N, Zhu N, Keresteci M, Shi J. Obesity and joint replacement surgery in Canada: findings from the Canadian Joint Replacement Registry (CJRR). Healthcare Policy 2006; 1(3): 36-43.

6. Brady T, Kruger J, Helmick C, et al. Intervention programs for arthritis and other rheumatic diseases. Health Education and Behavior 2003; 30(1): 44-63.

7. Devos-Comby L, Cronan T, Roesch S. Do exercise and self-management interventions benefit patients with osteoarthritis of the knee? A metaanalytic review. Journal of Rheumatology 2006; 33(4): 744-56.

8. Shin S, Kolanowski A. Best evidence of psychosocially focused nonpharmacologic therapies for symptom management in older adults with osteoarthritis. Pain Management Nursing 2010; 11(4): 234-44.

9. Newman S, Steed L, Mulligan K. Self-management interventions for chronic illness. Lancet 2004; 364: 1523-37.

10. Iversen M, Hammond A, Betteridge N. Self-management of rheumatic diseases: state of the art and future perspectives. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2010; 69: 955-63.

11. Brady T. Strategies to support self-management in osteoarthritis. American Journal of Nursing 2012; 112(3): S54-60.

12. May S. Self-management of chronic low back pain and osteoarthritis. Nature Reviews Rheumatology 2010; 6: 199-209.

13. Statistics Canada. Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada: User Guide. 2009. Available at: http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-mdi/document/5160_D4_T1_V1-eng.pdf. Accessed: May 31, 2012.

14. Statistics Canada. 2009 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada: Arthritis Component. Questionnaire. 2009. Available at: http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/instrument/5160_Q1_V1-eng.pdf. Accessed: May 31, 2012.

15. Australian Government, Department of Health and Ageing. Musculoskeletal Conditions―Arthritis and Osteoporosis. 2010. Available at: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/pq-arthritis-osteoarth. Accessed July 5, 2013.

16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Osteoarthritis. 2011. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/osteoarthritis.htm. Accessed: July 5, 2013.

17. Kalunian KC. Patient information: Osteoarthritis symptoms and diagnosis (Beyond the Basics). UpToDate. 2012. Available at: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/osteoarthritis-symptoms-and-diagnosis-beyond-the-basics. Accessed July 5, 2013.

18. Gignac M, Davis AM, Hawker G,  et al. "What do you expect?  You're just getting older": A comparison of perceived osteoarthritis-related and aging-related health experiences in middle- and older-age adults. Arthritis Care and Research 2006; 55(6): 905-12.

19. Machold KP, Koller MD, Pflugbeil S, et al. The public neglect of rheumatic diseases: insights from analyses of attendees in a musculoskeletal disease awareness activity. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2007; 66: 697-9.

20. Omariba DWR. Gender differences in functional limitations among Canadians with arthritis: the role of disease duration and comorbidity. Health Reports 2011; 22(4): 7-14.

21. Hurley M, Walsh N, Mitchell H, et al. Long-term outcomes and costs of an integratred rehabilitation program for chronic knee pain: a pragmatic, cluster randomized, controlled trial. Arthritis Care and Research 2012; 64(2): 238-47.

22. Wu S, Kao M, Wu M, et al. Effects of an osteoarthritis self-management programme. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2010; 67: 1491-501.

23. Public Health Agency of Canada. What is the Impact of Arthritis and What are Canadians Doing to Manage Their Condition? 2010. Available at: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cd-mc/slcdcfs-epamccfi/pdf/SLCDCFactSheet2009-Arthritis-eng.pdf. Accessed: May 31, 2012.

24. Statistics Canada. Adult obesity prevalence in Canada and the United States. Health Fact Sheets (Catalogue 82-625-X), March 2011. Available at: http:www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2011001/article/11411-eng.htm. Accessed: July 3, 2014.

25. Fernandes L, Hagen KB, Bijlsma JW, et al. EULAR recommendations for the non-pharmacological core management of hip and knee osteoarthritis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2013; 72(7): 1125-35.

26. Hochberg MC, Altman RD, Toupin April K, et al. American College of Rheumatology 2012 recommendations for the use of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies in osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Arthritis Care and Research 2012; 64(4): 465-74.

27. Zhang W, Nuki G, Moskowitz R, et al. OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, Part III: changes in evidence following systematic cumulative update of research published through January 2009. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2010; 18(4): 476-99.

28. Zhang W, Moskowitz R, Nuki G, et al. OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, Part II: OARSI evidence-based, expert consensus guidelines. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2008; 16(2): 137-62.

29. Zhang W, Moskowitz R, Nuki G, et al. OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, Part I: Critical appraisal of existing treatment guidelines and systematic review of current research evidence. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage  2007; 15(9): 981-1000.

30. National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions (UK). Osteoarthritis: National Clinical Guideline for Care and Management in Adults. Report No. 59. London, United Kingdom: Royal College of Physicians, 2008.

31. Richmond J, Hunter D, Irrgang J, et al. Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee (nonarthroplasty). Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 2009; 17(9): 591-600.

32. Theis K, Helmick C, Hootman J. Arthritis burden and impact are greater among U.S. women than men: intervention opportunities. Journal of Women’s Health 2007; 16(4): 441-53.

33. Walker-Bone K, Javaid K, Arden N, Cooper C. Medical management of osteoarthritis. British Medical Journal 2000; 321: 936-40.

34. Page CJ, Hinman RS, Bennell KI. Physiotherapy management of knee osteoarthritis. International  Journal of the Rheumatic Diseases 2011; 14: 145-51.

35. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee. Report No. 2. Rosemont, Illinois: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2013.

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