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1. Nutritional Screening Initiative. Incorporating Nutrition Screening and Intervention into Medical Practice. Washington D.C.: Nutrition Screening Initiative, 1994.

2. Locher JL, Ritchie CS, Roth DL, et al. Social isolation, support, and capital and nutritional risk in an older sample: ethnic and gender differences. Social Science and Medicine 2005; 60(4): 747-61.

3. Visvanathan R. Under-nutrition in older people: A serious and growing global problem. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 2003; 49: 352-60. Available at: Accessed July 4, 2012.

4. Evans C. Malnutrition in the elderly: a multifactorial failure to thrive. The Permanente Journal 2005; 9(3): 38-41.

5. Thompson Martin C, Kayser-Jones J, Stotts N, et al. Nutritional risk and low weight in community-living older adults: A review of the literature (1995-2005). The Journals of Gerontology 2006; 61A(9): 927-34.

6. Garcia N, Miley DD. The oral cavity and nutrition. In: Morley JE, Thomas DR, eds. Geriatric Nutrition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007.

7. Wittert G. Obesity in older adults. In: Morley JE, Thomas DR, eds. Geriatric Nutrition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007.

8. Gebretsadik M, Grossberg GT. Nutrition and depression. In: Morley JE, Thomas DR, eds. Geriatric Nutrition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007.

9. Rivlin RS. Keeping the young-elderly healthy: is it too late to improve our health through nutrition? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007; 86(suppl): 1572S-6S.

10. Ledikwe JH, Smiciklas-Wright H, Mitchell DC, et al. Nutritional risk assessment and obesity in rural older adults: a sex difference. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003; 77: 551-8.

11. Keller HH. Promoting food intake in older adults living in the community: a review. Applied Physiology Nutrition Metabolism 2007; 32: 991-1000.

12. Kyle UG, Kossovsky MP, Karsegard VL, Pichard C. Comparison of tools for nutritional assessment and screening at hospital admission: A population study. Clinical Nutrition 2006; 25(3): 409-17.

13. Jones JM. The methodology of nutritional screening and assessment tools. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2002; 15(1): 59-71.

14. Cederholm T, Bauer JM, Boirie Y, et al. Toward a definition of sarcopenia. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine 2011; 27: 341-53.

15. Bauer JM, Sieber CC. Sarcopenia and frailty: A clinician’s controversial point of view. Experimental Gerontology 2008; 43: 674-8.

16. Keller HH, Ǿstbye T. Nutritional risk and time to death; predictive validity of SCREEN©. The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging 2003; 7(2): 274-9.

17. Gaskins ND, Sloane PD, Mitchell CM, et al. Poor nutritional habits: A modifiable predecessor of chronic illness? A North Carolina Family Medicine Research Network (NC-FM-RN) Study. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 2007; 20(2): 124-34.

18. Thomas DR. Loss of skeletal muscle mass in aging: Examining the relationship of starvation, sarcopenia and cachexia. Clinical Nutrition 2007; 26: on health-related and overall quality of life: a general population survey in Finland. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2008; 10(7): 1199-207.

19. Jensen GL, Friedman JM, Coleman CD, Smiciklas-Wright H. Screening for hospitalization and nutritional risks among community-dwelling older persons. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001; 74: 201-5.

20. Van Nes MC, Herrmann FR, Gold G, et al. Does the mini Nutritional Assessment predict hospitalization outcomes in older people? Age and Ageing 2001; 30: 221-6.

21. Keller HH, Goy R, Kane SL. Validity and reliability of SCREEN II (Seniors in the community: risk evaluation for eating and nutrition, Version II). European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005; 59(10): 1149-57.

22. Green SM, Watson R. Nutritional screening and assessment tools for older adults: Literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2006; 54(4): 477-90.

23. Reilly HM. Symposium on “Nutrition and clinical management in our midst,” screening for nutritional risk. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 1996; 55: 841-53.

24. Beath H, Keller HH. Nutrition screen showed good agreement when self- and interviewer administered. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2007; 60(10): 1085-9.

25. Phillips MS, Foley AL, Barnard R, et al. Nutritional screening in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic literature review. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2010; 19(3): 440-9.

26. Sherbourne CD, Stewart AL. The MOS social support survey. Social Science and Medicine 1991; 32(6): 705-14.

27. Kessler RC, McGonagle KA, Zhoa S, et al. Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States. Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry 1994; 51(1): 8-19.

28. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1980.

29. Furlong W, Feeny D. Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3) Disability Categories for Single- and Multi-Attribute Utility Scores. October 29, 2002. Unpublished.

30. Feeny D, Furlong W, Torrance GW, et al. Multi-attribute and single-attribute utility functions for the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 System. Medical Care 2002; 40(2): 113-28.

31. Feng Y, Bernier J, McIntosh C, Orpana H. Validation of disability categories derived from Health Utilities Index Mark 3 scores. Health Reports 2009; 20(2): 43-50.

32. Rao JNK, Wu CFJ, Yue K. Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys. Survey Methodology (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 12-001) 1992; 18(2): 209-17.

33. Rust KF, Rao JN. Variance estimation for complex surveys using replication techniques. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 1996; 5(3): 283-310.

34. Shatenstein B, Kergoat M-J, Nadon, S. Weight change, nutritional risk and its determinants among cognitively intact and demented elderly Canadians. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2001; 92(2): 143-9.

35. Keller HH, McKenzie JD. Nutritional risk in vulnerable community-living seniors. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 2003; 64(4): 195-201.

36. Rasmussen HH, Kondrup J, Staun M, et al. Prevalence of patients at nutritional risk in Danish hospitals. Clinical Nutrition 2004; 23(5): 1009-15.

37. Feldblum I, German L, Castel H, et al. Characteristics of undernourished older medical patients and the identification of predictors for undernutrition status. Nutritional Journal 2007; 6: 37. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-37.

38. Roberts KC, Wolfson C, Payette H. Predictors of nutritional risk in community-dwelling seniors. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2007; 98(4): 331-6.

39. Castel H, Shahar D, Harman-Boehm I. Gender differences in factors associated with nutritional status of older medical patients. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2006; 25(2): 128-34.

40. Chen CC-H, Bai Y-Y, Huang G-H, Tang ST. Revisiting the concept of malnutrition in older people. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2007; 16(11): 2015-26.

41. Guo SS, Zeller C, Chumlea WC, Siervogel M. Aging, body composition, and lifestyle: The Fels Longitudinal Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999; 70: 405-11.

42. Ramage-Morin P. Medication use among senior Canadians. Health Reports 2009; 20(1): 37-43.

43. Gammack J. Geriatric assessment and its interaction with nutrition. In: Morley JE, Thomas DR, eds. Geriatric Nutrition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007.

44. Bland RC. Epidemiology of affective disorders: A review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 1997; 42: 367-77.

45. MacLellan DL, Van Til LD. Screening for nutritional risk among community-dwelling elderly on Prince Edward Island. Canadian Journal of Public Health 1998; 89(5): 342-4.

46. Ramage-Morin P. Chronic pain in Canadian seniors. Health Reports 2008; 19(1): 37-52.

47. Thomas DR. Nutritional requirements in older adults. In: Morley JE, Thomas DR, eds. Geriatric Nutrition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007.

48. National Seniors Council. Report of the National Seniors Council on Low Income Among Seniors. (Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, Catalogue HS1-9/2008). Available at: Accessed February 16, 2012.

49. Bocock MA, Keller HH. Defining malnutrition risk for older home care clients. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 2008; 69(4): 171-6.

50. Davis MA, Murphy SP, Neuhaus JM, et al. Living arrangements affect dietary quality for U.S. adults aged 50 years and older: NHANES III 1988-1994. The Journal of Nutrition 2000; 130: 2256-64.

51. Quandt SA, McDonald J, Arcury TA, et al. Nutritional self-management of elderly widows in rural communities. The Gerontologist 2000; 40: 86-96.

52. Suzuki K, Normura T, Sakurai M, et al. Relationship between number of present teeth and nutritional intake in institutionalized elderly. The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College 2005; 46(4): 135-43.

53. Millar W. Edentualism and denture use. Health Reports 2005; 17(1): 55-8.

54. Turcotte M. Profile of seniors’ transportation habits. Canadian Social Trends (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 11-008) 2012; No. 93, January 2012. Available at: Accessed February 15, 2012.