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1. Statistics Canada. Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Metis and First Nations, 2006 Census. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2008.

2. Statistics Canada.  Births 2009 (Catalogue 84F0210X) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2012.

3. Archibald L. Teenage Pregnancy in Inuit Communities: Issues and Perspectives. Ottawa: Pauktuutit Inuit Women's Association, 2004.

4. Garner R, Senecal S, Guimond E. Inuit Teenaged Mothers: Their Socio-economic Conditions in Early Adulthood.  Paper presented at the Aboriginal Policy Research Conference.  Ottawa: October 3, 2009.

5.Wolfe B, Perozek, M. Teen children's health and health care use. In: Maynard R, ed.Kids Having Kids. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute Press, 1997: 181-203.

6. Chen XK, Wen SW, Fleming N, et al. Teenage pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes: a large population based retrospective cohort study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2007; 36: 368-73.

7. Dahinten VS, Shapka J, Willms JD. Adolescent children of adolescent mothers: The impact of family functioning on trajectories of development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2007; 36: 195-212.

8. Jutte DP, Roos NR, Brownell MD, et al. The ripples of adolescent motherhood: Social, educational, and medical outcomes for children of teen and prior teen mothers. Academic Pediatrics 2010; 10: 293-301.

9. Dahinten VS, Willms JD. The effects of adolescent childbearing on children's outcome. In: Willms JD, ed.Vulnerable Children: Findings from Canada's National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta Press, 2002: 243-58.

10. Terry-Humen E, Manlove J, Moore K. Playing Catch-up: How Children Born to Teen Mothers Fare. Washington, D.C.: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 2005.

11. Moffitt T, E-Risk Study Team. Teen-aged mothers in contemporary Britain. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2002; 43(6): 727-42.

12. Millar WJ, Chen J. Maternal education and risk factors for small-for-gestational age births. Health Reports 1998; 10 (2): 43-51.

13. Bai J, Wong F, Stewart H. The obstetric and neonatal performance of teenage mothers in an Australian community. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1999; 19: 345-8.

14. Ordolis E. A story of their own: Adolescent pregnancy and child welfare in Aboriginal communities. First Peoples Child and Family Review 2007; 3(4): 30-41.

15. Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada. The Inuit Way: A Guide to Inuit Culture. Ottawa: Pauktuutit Women of Canada, 2006.

16. Dallaire F, Dewailly E, Vezina C, et al.  Portrait of outpatient visists and hospitilizations for acute infections in Nunavik preschool children. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2006; 97: 362-8.

17. Smylie J. Indigeneous Children's Health Report: Health Assessment in Action. Toronto: Keenan Research Centre, 2009.

18. Tremblay RE, Nagin DS, Seguin JR, et al. Physical aggression during early childhood: Trajectories and predictors. Pediatrics 2004; 114: 43-50.

19. Duncan GJ, Dowsett CJ, Claessens A, et al.  School readiness and later achievement. Developmental Psychology 2007; 43: 1428-46.

20. Romano E, Tremblay RE, Farhat A, Côté S. Development and prediction of hyperactive symptoms from 2 to 7 years in a population-based sample. Pediatrics 2006; 117: 2101-10.

21. Côté S, Vaillamcourt T, LeBlanc JC, et al. The development of physical aggression from toddlerhood to pre-adolescence: A nationwide longitudinal study of Canadian children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2006; 34: 68-82.

22. Crick NR. The role of overt aggression, relational aggression, and prosocial behavior in the prediction of children's future social adjustment. Child Development 1996; 67: 2317-27.

23. Alexander KL, Farhat A, Dauber SL. First-grade classroom behavior: Its short- and long-term consequences for school performance. Child Development 1993; 64: 801-14.

24. McClelland MM, Morrison FJ, Holmes D L. Children at risk for early academic problems: the role of learning-related social skills. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 2010; 15: 307-29.

25. O'Neil R, Welsh M, Parke RD, et al. A longitudinal assessment of the academic correlates of early peer acceptance and rejection. Journal of Clinical and Child Psychology 1997; 26: 290-303.

26. Statistics Canada. Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2006: Concepts and Methods Guide. Ottawa: Minister of Industry, 2008.

27. Coley RL, Chase-Lansdale PL. Adolescent pregnancy and parenthood: Recent evidence and future directions. American Psychologist 1998; 53: 152-66.

28. Pogarsky G, Thornberry T, Lizotte A. Developmental outcomes for children of young mothers. Journal of Family Psychology 2006; 68: 332-44.

29. Turley Lopez RN. Are children of young mothers disadvantaged because of their mother's age or family background? Child Development 2003; 74 (2): 465-74.

30. Oliver L, Findlay L, McIntosh C, Kohen D. Evaluation of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Ottawa: Minister of Industry, 2009.

31. Zubrick SR, Lawrence D, De Maio J, Biddle N. Testing the Reliability of a Measure of Aboriginal Children's Mental Health: An Analysis Based on the Western Aboriginal Child Health Survey. Canberra, Australia: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006.

32. Rao JNK, Wu CFJ, Yue K. Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys. Survey Methodology 1992; 18(2): 209-17.

33. Rust KF, Rao JNK. Variance estimation for complex surveys using replication techniques. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 1996; 5: 281-310.

34. Williams CJ, Jacobs AM. The impact of otitis media on cognitive and educational outcomes. Medical Journal of Australia 2009; 191: S69-72.

35. Health Canada. The Effects of Oral Health on Overall Health. Ottawa: Health Canada, 2009.

36. Ryan-Krause P, Meadows-Oliver M, Sadler L, Swartz MK.  Developmental status of children of teen mothers: Contrasting objective assessments with maternal reports. Journal of Pediatric Health Care 2009; 23: 303-9.

37. Rhule D, McMahon R, Spieker S, Munson,J. Positive adjustment and associated protective factors in children of adolescent mothers. Journal of Child and Family Studies 2006; 15(2): 231-51.

38. Howard K, Burke Lefevre J, Borkowski J, Whitman T. Father's influence in the lives of children with adolescent mothers. Journal of Family Psychology 2006; 20(3): 468-76.

39. Jaffee S, Caspi A, Moffitt T E, et al. Why are children born to teen mothers at risk for adverse outcomes in young adulthood? Results from a 20-year longitudinal study. Development and Psychopathology 2001; 13(2): 377-97.