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1.Shields M. Overweight and obesity among children and youth. Health Reports 2006; 17(3): 27-42.

2. Singh AS, Mulder C, Twisk JW, et al. Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Obesity Review 2008; 9(5): 474-88.

3. Reilly JJ, Methven E, McDowell ZC, et al. Health consequences of obesity. Archives of  Disease in  Childhood 2003; 88(9): 748-52.

4. Whitaker RC, Wright JA, Pepe MS, et al. Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. New England Journal of Medicine 1997; 337(13): 869-73.

5. Nader PR, O'Brien M, Houts R, et al. Identifying risk for obesity in early childhood. Pediatrics 2006; 118(3): e594-601.

6. Daniels SR, Greer FR, Committee on Nutrition. Lipid screening and cardiovascular health in childhood. Pediatrics 2008; 122(1): 198-208.

7. Hall KD, Sacks G, Chandramohan D, et al. Quantification of the effect of energy imbalance on bodyweight. Lancet 2011; 378(9793): 826-37.

8. Barlow SE, Expert Committee. Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report. Pediatrics 2007; 120(Suppl. 4): S164-92.

9. Health Canada. Canadian Guidelines for Body Weight Classification in Adults (Catalogue H49-179). Ottawa: Health Canada, 2003.

10. National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care, Centre for Public Health Excellence at NICE. Obesity―Guidance on the Prevention, Identification, Assessment and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults and Children. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2006.

11. Shields M, Gorber SC, Janssen I, Tremblay MS. Obesity estimates for children based on parent-reported versus direct measures. Health Reports 2011; 22(3): 47-58.

12. Shields M, Tremblay MS. Canadian childhood obesity estimates based on WHO, IOTF and CDC cut-points. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 2010; 5(3): 265-73.

13. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. British Medical Journal 2000; 320(7244): 1240-3.

14. Cole TJ, Flegal KM, Nicholls D, Jackson AA. Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents: international survey. British Medical Journal 2007; 335(7612): 194.

15. Giroux S. Canadian Health Measures Survey: Sampling strategy overview. Health Reports 2007; 18(Suppl): 31-6.

16. Day B, Langlois R, Tremblay M, Knoppers BM. Canadian Health Measures Survey: Ethical, legal and social issues. Health Reports 2007; 18(Suppl.): 37-51.

17. Statistics Canada. Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) Data User Guide: Cycle 2, September 2012.  Available at:

18. de Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, et al. Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2007; 85(9): 660-7.

19. World Health Organization. Training Course on Child Growth Assessment. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2008.

20. Rao JNK, Wu CFJ, Yue K. Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys. Survey Methodology 1992; 18(2): 209-17.

21. Rust KF, Rao JNK. Variance estimation for complex surveys using replication techniques. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 1996; 5: 281-310.

22. Reilly JJ, Kelly J, Wilson DC. Accuracy of simple clinical and epidemiological definitions of childhood obesity: systematic review and evidence appraisal. Obesity Reviews 2010; 11(9): 645-55.

23. Dietitians of Canada, Canadian Paediatric Society, College of Family Physicians of Canada, et al. Promoting optimal monitoring of child growth in Canada: using the new WHO growth charts. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 2010; 71(1): e1-3.

24. Public Health Agency of Canada. Actions Taken and Future Directions 2011 - Curbing Childhood Obesity: A Federal, Provincial and Territorial Framework for Action to Promote Healthy Weights. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada, 2011. 25.

25. Twells LK, Newhook LA. Obesity prevalence estimates in a Canadian regional population of preschool children using variant growth references. BMC Pediatrics 2011; 11: 21.

26. Janssen I, Shields M, Craig CL, Tremblay MS. Changes in the obesity phenotype within Canadian children and adults, 1981 to 2007-2009. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2012; 20(4): 916-9.

27. Janssen I, Heymsfield SB, Ross R. Application of simple anthropometry in the assessment of health risk: implications for the Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness and Lifestyle Appraisal. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 2002; 27(4): 396-414.

28. Mozaffarian D, Hao T, Rimm EB, et al. Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men. New England Journal of Medicine 2011; 364(25): 2392-2404.

29. Prince SA, Kristjansson EA, Russell K, et al. Relationships between neighborhoods, physical activity, and obesity: A multilevel analysis of a large Canadian city. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2012; January 19 (epub ahead of print).

30. Olds T, Maher C, Zumin S, et al. Evidence that the prevalence of childhood overweight is plateauing: data from nine countries. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 2011; 6(5-6): 342-60.