Table 3
Adjusted odds ratios showing factors associated with supplement use, by selected characteristics, household population aged 1 or older, Canada excluding territories, 2004

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Characteristics Adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval p value
from to
Age group/Sex
1 to 8 (both sexes) 1.00 ... ... ...
9 to 18
Male
0.59* 0.51 0.68 <0.0001
Female
0.62* 0.53 0.73 <0.0001
19 to 50
Men
0.41* 0.33 0.50 <0.0001
Women
0.81* 0.67 0.98 0.032
51 or older
Men
0.75* 0.62 0.91 0.004
Women
1.70* 1.50 2.10 <0.0001
Household income
Lowest 1.00 ... ... ...
Lower-middle 1.00 0.83 1.20 0.91
Upper-middle 1.20 1.00 1.40 0.02
Highest 1.60* 1.30 1.90 <0.0001
Education
Less than secondary graduation 1.00 ... ... ...
Secondary graduation or more 1.40* 1.20 1.70 <0.0001
Food security
Food secure 1.00 ... ... ...
Food insecure
Low
0.93 0.72 1.20 0.6
Moderate
0.71* 0.53 0.95 0.02
Severe
0.78 0.43 1.40 0.41
Chronic condition(s)
Yes 1.00 ... ... ...
No 0.87* 0.77 0.99 0.014
Residence
Rural 1.00 ... ... ...
Urban 1.00 0.90 1.10 0.8
reference category
* significantly different from reference category (p<0.05)
... not applicable
Source: 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey—Nutrition.