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1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Brief Report on Sexually Transmitted Infections in Canada: 2007. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada, 2009.

2. Barnett J, Spencer D, Beer T, et al. Evaluating primary care physician STI/HIV counseling practices. BC Medical Journal 2004; 46: 402-6.

3. Martens PJ, Mayer T, Derksen S. Factors affecting adolescent reproductive health in Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2002; 93(Suppl 2): S39-S43.

4. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Annual Report, 2004.

5. Markey S, Halseth G, Manson D. Contradictions in hinterland development: challenging the local development ideal in Northern British Columbia. Community Development Journal 2007. Available at: 10.1093/cdj/bsm027.

6. White P, Michalowski M, Cross P. The west coast boom. The Canadian Economic Observer (Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 11-010) 2006; 19(5): 3.1-3.12.

7. Buell M. Resource Extraction Development and Well-being in the North. Ajunnginiq Centre 2006.

8. Goldenberg S, Shoveller J, Koehoorn M, Ostry A. STI Awareness and Access to Information: Northeastern Youth’s Perspectives, 2007.

9. Goldenberg S, Shoveller J, Koehoorn M, Ostry A. Barriers to STI testing among youth in a Canadian oil and gas community. Health and Place 2008[serial on Internet].

10. Goldenberg S, Shoveller J, Ostry A, Koehoorn M. Youth sexual behaviour in boomtown: Implications for the Control of Sexually Transmitted Infections. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2008; 84: 220-3.

11. Shoveller J, Goldenberg S, Koehoorn M, Ostry A. Investigating Socio-Cultural and Structural Forces Affecting Youth’s STI Testing Experiences in Northeastern BC: Final Report. Vancouver: Youth Sexual Health Team, 2007.

12. Women fear increase in sex trade with pipeline boom, 2004: Available at:

13. Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian STD Guidelines 2006.

14. Roterman M. Sex, condoms and STDs among young people. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 82-003) 2005; 16(3): 39-45.

15. Langille DB, Andreou P, Beazley RP, Delaney ME. Sexual health knowledge of students at a high school in Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Public Health 1998; 89: 85-9.

16. Health Statistics Division, Statistics Canada. Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 3.1 Data Dictionary. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2006.

17. Health Statistics Division, Statistics Canada. Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 3.1 User Guide. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2005.

18. Gallo MF, Steiner MJ, Warner L, et al. Self-reported condom use is associated with reduced risk of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2007; 34(10): 829-33.

19. Fung M, Scott KC, Kent CK, Klausner JD. Chlamydial and gonococcal reinfection among men: a systematic review of data to evaluate the need for retesting. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2007; 83(4): 304-9.

20. Fortenberry DJ, Brizendine EJ, Katz BP, et al. Subsequent Ssxually transmitted infections among adolescent women with genital infection due to chlamydia trachomatis, neisseria gonorrhoeae, or trichomonas vaginalis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 1999; 26(1): 26-32.

21. Warner L, Stone KM, Macaluso M, et al. Condom use and risk of gonorrhea and chlamydia: A systematic review of design and measurement factors assessed in epidemiologic studies. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2006; 33(1): 36-51.

22. Northern Health BC. Quick Facts about Northern BC. Prince George, British Columbia: Northern Health BC, 2008.

23. Province of British Columbia. 2006 Census Population Counts and Census Profiles. Victoria, British Columbia: Province of British Columbia, 2008.

24. Maticka-Tyndale E, Barrett M, McKay A. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Canada: a review of national data sources and their limitations. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality 2000; 9(1): 41-65.

25. Mertz GJ, Benedetti J, Ashley R, et al. Risk factors for the sexual transmission of genital herpes. Annals of Internal Medicine 1992; 116(3): 197-202.

26. Hooper RR, Reynolds GH, Jones OG, et al. Cohort study of venereal disease I: the risk of gonorrhea transmission from infected women to men. American Journal of Epidemiology 1978; 108(2): 136-44.

27. Platt R, Rice PA, McCormack WM. Risk of acquiring gonorrhea and prevalence of abnormal adnexal findings among women recently exposed to gonorrhea. Journal of the American Medical Association 1983; 250(23): 3205-9.

28. Wong T, Singh A, Mann J, et al. Gender differences in bacterial STIs in Canada. BMC Women’s Health. 2004; 4(Suppl 1): S26.

29. Fenton KA, Korovessis C, Johnson AM, et al. Sexual behaviour in Britain: reported sexually transmitted infections and prevalent genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection. The Lancet 2001; 358(9296): 1851-4.

30. Leigh B. Alcohol and condom use: A meta-analysis of event-level studies. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2002; 29(8): 476-82.

31. Halpern-Felsher BL, Millstein SG, Ellen JM. Relationship of alcohol use and risky sexual behavior: a review and analysis of findings. Journal of Adolescent Health 1996; 19(5): 331-6.

32. Statistics Canada. Microdata User Guide: National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, Cycle 7. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2007.

33. Elliott LF, Blanchard JF, Beaudoin CM, et al. Geographic variations in the epidemiology of bacterial sexually transmitted infections in Manitoba, Canada. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2002; 78(Suppl I): i139-i144.

34. Healthy Youth Development: Highlights from the 2003 Adolescent Health Survey.

35. Fang L, Ringrose A, Jayaraman GC, Wong T. Trends in age disparities between younger and middle-age adults among reported rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and infectious syphilis infections in Canada: Findings from 1997 to 2007. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2009; e pub ahead of print: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181b617dc.

36. Bensyl DM, Iuliano D, Carter M, et al. Contraceptive use―United States and Territories, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly 2005; 54(SS06): 1-72

37. Moore SG, Dahl DW, Gorn GJ, et al. Condom embarassment: coping and consequences for condom use in three countries. AIDS Care 2009; 20(5): 553-9.

38. Semaan S, Lauby J, O’Connell AA, Cohen A. Factors associated with perceptions of, and decisional balance for, condom use with main partner among women at risk for HIV infection. Women and Health 2003; 37(3): 53-69.

39. Maas B, Fairburn N, Kerr T, et al. Neighborhood and HIV infection among IDU: Place of residence independently predicts HIV infection among a cohort of injection drug users. Health and Place 2007; 13: 432-9.

40. Mood C. Logistic regression: Why we cannotdo what we think we can do, and whatwe can do about it. European Sociological Review 2009.

41. Rothman KJ. Epidemiology: An Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

42. Thomas JC, Lansky A, Weiner DH, et al. Behaviors that facilite sexual transmission of HIV and STDs in a rural community. AIDS and Behaviour 1999; 3(4): 257-67.

43. Groft JN, Robinson VA. Seeking serenity: living with HIV/AIDS in rural Western Canada. Rural and Remote Health 2007: 677 (online).

44. King V, Scott ME. A comparison of cohabiting relationships among older and younger adults. Journal of Family and Marriage 2005; 67(2): 271-85.

45. Umphrey L, Sherblom J. Relational commitment and threats to relationship maintenance goals: Influences on condom use. Journal of AmericanCollege Health 2007; 56(1): 61-8.

46. Foxman B, Aral SO, Holmes KK. Interrelationships among douching practices, risky sexual practices, and history of self-reported sexually transmitted diseases in an urban population. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 1998; 25(2): 90-9.

47. Tanfer K, Aral SO. Sexual intercourse during menstruation and self-reported sexually transmitted disease history among women. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 1996; 23(5): 395-401.

48. Paul C, van Roode T, Herbison P, Dickson N. Longitudinal study of self-reported sexually transmitted infection incidence by gender and age up to age thirty-two years. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2009; 36(2): 63-9.

49. Martin K, Wu Z. Contraceptive use in Canada: 1984-1995. Family Planning Perspectives 2000; 32(2): 65-73.

50. Becker CM, Glass GE, Brathwaite W, Zenilman J. Geographic epidemiology of gonorrhoea in Baltimore, Maryland, using a geographic information system. American Journal of Epidemiology 2007; 147: 709-16.

51. Kerani RP, Handcock MS, Handsfield HH, Holmes KK. Comparative geographic concentrations of four sexually transmitted infections. American Journal of Public Health. 2005; 95: 324-30.