Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.


1. Conference Board of Canada. Mortality Due to Diabetes. Available at: Accessed December 29, 2009.

2. Public Health Agency of Canada. Diabetes in Canada: National Statistics and Opportunities for Improved Surveillance and Control. Available at:

3. Statistics Canada. Leading causes of death in Canada, 2000 to 2004 (Catalogue 84-215-X) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2008.

4. Sanmartin C, Gilmore J. Diabetes care in Canada: Results from selected provinces and territories, 2005. Your community, your health: Findings from the Canadian Community Health Survey (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-621-XWE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2006.

5. Health Canada. Economic Burden of Illness in Canada. Ottawa: Minster of PublicWorks and Government Services Canada, 2002.

6. O’Brien JA, Patrick AR, Caro JJ. Cost of managing complications resulting from type 2 diabetes mellitus in Canada. BMC Health Services Research 2003; 3(7): 1-11.

7. Ahern M, Hendryx M. Avoidable hospitalizations for diabetes: comorbidity risks. Disease Management 2007; 10(6): 347.

8. Tomlin AM, Tilyard MW, Dovey SM, Dawson AG. Hospital admissions in diabetic and non-diabetic patients: A case-control study. Diabetes Research & Clinical Practice 2006; 73(3): 260-7.

9. Bo S, Ciccone G, Grassi G, et al. Patients with type 2 diabetes had higher rates of hospitalization than the general population. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2004, 57(11): 1196-201.

10. Olveira-Fuster G, Olvera-Márquez P, Carral-Sanlaureano F, et al. Excess hospitalization, hospital days, and inpatient costs among people with diabetes in Andalusia, Spain. Diabetes Care 2004; 27(8): 1904-9.

11. Canadian Institute for Health Information. National Health Expenditures Trends: 1975-2007. Ottawa: Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2007

12. Canadian Institute for Health Information. A Framework for Health Outcomes Analysis: Diabetes and Depression Case Studies. Ottawa: Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2008.

13. Sanmartin C, Zelmer J, McGrail K, et al. A framework for assessing health outcomes of health services. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) forthcoming.

14. De Berardis G, Pellegrini F, Franciosi M, et al. Quality of care and outcomes in Type 2 diabetic patients: a comparison between general practice and diabetes clinic. Diabetes Care 2004; 27(2): 398-406.

15. Chin MH, Zhang JX, Merrell K. Speciality differences in the care of older patients with diabetes. Medical Care 2000; 38(2): 131-40.

16. Shah BR, Hux JE, Laupacis A, et al. Clinical inertia in response to inadequate glycemic control: do specialists differ from primary care physicians? Diabetes Care 2005; 28(3): 600-6.

17. Shah BR, Hux JE, Laupacis A, et al. Diabetic patients with prior specialist care have better glycemic control than those with prior primary care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2005; 11(6): 568-75.

18. McAlister FA, Majumdar SR, Eurich DT, Johnston JA. The effect of spcialist care within the first year on subsequent outcomes in 24,232 adults with new- onset diabetes mellitus: population-based cohoert study. Quality & Safety in Health Care 2007; 16(1): 6-11.

19. Fisher ES, Wennberg DE, Stukel TA, et al. The implications of regional variations in medicare spending. Part 1: The content, quality, and accessibility of care. Annals of Internal Medicine 2003; 138(4): 273-87.

20. Fisher ES, Wennberg DE, Stukel TA, et al. The implications of regional variations in medicare spending. Part 2: Health outcomes and satisfaction with care. Annals of Internal Medicine 2003; 138(4): 288-98.

21. Roos NP, Flowerdew G, Wajda A, Tate RB. Variations in physicians hospitalization practices - A population-based Study in Manitoba, Canada. American Journal of Public Health 1986; 76(1): 45-51.

22. Wennberg, J, Gittelsohn A. Small area variations in health-care delivery. Science 1973; 182(4117): 1102-7.

23. Hays RD, Smith AW, Reeve BB, et al. Cigarette smoking and health-realted quality of life in Medicare beneficiaries. Health Care Financing Review 2008; 29: 57-67.

24. De Jong FA, Sparreboom A, Verweij J, Mathijssen RH. Lifestyle habits as a contributor to anti-cancer treatment failure. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2008; 23: 48-53.

25. Statistics Canada. Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.1.

26. Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. The Changing Face of Heart Disease and Stroke in Canada (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82F0076XIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 1999.

27. Johansen H, Nair C, Mao L, Wolfson M. Revascularization and heart attack outcomes. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 2002; 13( 2): 35-46.

28. Johansen H, Strauss B, Arnold JMO, et al. On the rise: The current and projected future burden of congestive heart failure hospitalization in Canada. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 2003.19(4).

29. Lawder R, Elders A, Clark D. Using the Linked Scottish Health Survey to Predict Hospitalisation and Death. Main Report. 2007. NHS Health Scotland and Information Services. Available at: Accessed January, 2009

30. Ng E, Johnson J, Dasgupta K. An algorithm to differentiate diabetic respondents in the Canadian Community Health Survey. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 2008; 19(1): 71-9.

31. Johnson JA, Pohar SL, Majumdar SR. Health care use and costs in the decade after identification of type 1 and type 2 diabetes: a population-based study. Diabetes Care 2006; 29: 2403-8.

32. Rao JNK, Wu CFJ, Yue K. Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys. Survey Methodology (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 12-001) 1992; 18(2): 209-17.

33. Rust KF, Rao JNK. Variance estimation forcomplex surveys using replication techniques. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 1996; 5: 281-310.

34. Evans G, Barer M, Marmor T. Why Are Some People Healthy and Others Not?: The Determinants of Health of Populations.1994.

35. Canadian Institute for Health Information. Improving the Health of Canadians 2007-2008. Ottawa: Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2008.

36. Criqui M, Golomb B. Should patients with diabetes drink to their health? Journal of the American Medical Association 1999; 282(3): 279-80.

37. Shah BR, Manuel DG. Self-reported diabetes is associated with self-management behaviour: a cohort study. BMC Health Services Research 2008; 8: 142.

38. Rotermann M. Evaluation of the coverage of linked Canadian Community Health Survey and hosptial inpatient records. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 2009; 20(1): 45-51.

39. Giorda C, Petrelli A, Gnavi R, Regional Board for Diabetes Care of Piemonte. The impact of second-level specialized care on hospitalization in persons with diabetes: a multilevel population-based study. Diabetes Medicine 23(4): 337.