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1. Shaw JE, Sicree RA, Zimmet PZ. Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2010; 87(1): 4-14.

2. Hill JO, Wyatt HR, Reed GW, Peters JC. Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here? Science 2003; 299(5608): 853-5.

3. Sturm R. Stemming the global obesity epidemic: what can we learn from data about social and economic trends? Public Health 2008; 122(8): 739-46.

4. Robbins JM, Vaccarino V, Zhang H, Kasl SV. Socioeconomic status and type 2 diabetes in African American and non-Hispanic white women and men: evidence from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. American Journal of Public Health 2001; 91: 76-83.

5. Tang M, Chen Y, Krewski D. Gender-related differences in the association between socioeconomic status and self-reported diabetes. International Journal of Epidemiology 2003; 32: 381-5.

6. Espelt A, Borrell C, Roskam AJ, et al. Socioeconomic inequalities in diabetes mellitus across Europe at the beginning of the 21st century. Diabetologia 2008; 51: 1971-9

7. Kanjilal S, Gregg EW, Cheng YJ, et al. Socioeconomic status and trends in disparities in 4 major risk factors for cardiovascular disease among US adults, 1971-2002. Archives of Internal Medicine 2006;  166(21): 2348-55.

8. Dasgupta K, Khan S, Ross NA. Type 2 diabetes in Canada: concentration of risk among most disadvantaged men but inverse social gradient across groups in women. Diabetic Medicine (in press).

9. Smith J. Nature and causes of trends in male diabetes prevalence, undiagnosed diabetes, and the socioeconomic status health gradient. Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences of the United States 2007; 104: 13225-31

10. Kraut A, Walld R, Tate R, Mustard C. Impact of diabetes on employment and income in Manitoba, Canada. Diabetes Care 2001; 24(1):64-8.

11. Tambay J-L, Catlin G. Sample design of the National Population Health Survey. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 1995; 7(1): 29-38.

12. Swain L, Catlin G. Beaudet MP. The National Population Health Survey – its longitudinal nature. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 1999; 10(4): 69-82.

13. Ng E, Dasgupta K, Johnson JA. An algorithm to differentiate diabetic respondents in the Canadian Community Health Survey. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 2008; 19(1): 1-9.

14. Larranaga I, Arteagoitia JM, Rodriguez JL, et al. Socio-economic inequalities in the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular risk factors and chronic diabetic complications in the Basque Country, Spain. Diabetic Medicine 2005; 22: 1047-53.

15. Stern MP, Rosenthal M, Haffner SM, et al. Sex difference in the effects of sociocultural status on diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican Americans. The San Antonio Heart Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 1984; 120: 834-51.

16. Agardh EE, Ahlbom A, Andersson T, et al. Socio-economic position at three points in life in association with type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in middle-aged Swedish men and women. International Journal of Epidemiology 2007; 36: 84-92.

17. Rathmann W, Haastert B, Icks A, et al. Sex differences in the associations of socioeconomic status with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in the elderly population: the KORA Survey 2000. European Journal of Public Health 2005; 15: 627-33.

18. Ross NA, Tremblay S, Khan S, et al. Body mass index in urban Canada: neighborhood and metropolitan area effects. American Journal of Public Health 2007; 97: 500-8.

19. Prentice RL, Gloeckler LA. Regression analysis of grouped survival data with application to breast cancer data. Biometrics 1978; 34: 57-67.

20. Rao JNK, Wu CFJ, Yue K. Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys. Survey Methodology (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 12-001) 1992; 18(2): 209-17.

21. Rust KF, Rao JNK. Variance estimation for complex surveys using replication techniques. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 1996; 5: 281-310.

22. Yeo D, Mantel H, Liu TP. Bootstrap variance estimation for the National Population Health Survey. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Statistical Association: Survey Research Methods Section, August 1999. Baltimore, Maryland: American Statistical Association, 1999.

23. Maty SC, Everson-Rose SA, Haan MN, et al. Education, income, occupation, and the 34-year incidence (1965-99) of Type 2 diabetes in the Alameda County Study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2005; 34(6): 1274-81.

24. Kumari M, Head J, Marmot M. Prospective study of social and other risk factors for incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Whitehall II study. Archives of Internal Medicine 2004; 164(17):1873-80.

25. Young TK, Mustard CA. Undiagnosed diabetes: does it matter? Canadian Medical Association Journal 2001; 164(1): 24-8.

26. Leiter LA, Barr A, Belanger A, et al. Diabetes Screening in Canada (DIASCAN) Study: prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and glucose intolerance in family physician offices. Diabetes Care 2001; 24(6): 1038-43.

27. Connor Gorber S, Tremblay M, Moher D, Gorber B. A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing height, weight and body mass index: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews 2007; 8(4): 307-26.