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Table A
Adjusted odds ratios relating obesity to selected characteristics, by sex, household population aged 18 or older with plausible energy intake, Canada excluding territories, 2004

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Characteristics Men Women
Adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval Adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval
from to from to
Nutrient
Energy intake (in 100s of kilocalories) 1.08* 1.04 1.11 1.15* 1.11 1.20
Carbohydrates (% of energy) 1.01 0.99 1.04 1.02 0.99 1.06
Protein (% of energy) 1.02 0.99 1.06 1.04 0.99 1.08
Saturated fat (% of energy) 0.98 0.92 1.05 1.00 0.94 1.06
Monounsaturated fat (% of energy) 1.10* 1.02 1.18 1.01 0.95 1.08
Polyunsaturated fat (% of energy) 0.88* 0.78 0.99 1.03 0.94 1.14
Fibre (grams per 100 kilocalories) 0.68 0.38 1.21 0.66 0.42 1.03
Age group
18 to 24 1.00 ... ... 1.00 ... ...
25 to 34 2.79 0.93 8.41 2.25 0.94 5.37
35 to 44 2.85 0.90 8.97 2.64* 1.10 6.30
45 to 54 4.92* 1.60 15.11 4.02* 1.53 10.55
55 to 64 5.69* 1.85 17.53 4.06* 1.59 10.41
65 to 74 3.48* 1.07 11.29 3.22* 1.35 7.69
75 or older 2.56 0.73 8.91 2.67* 1.06 6.76
Marital status
Married/Common-law 0.72 0.38 1.37 1.37 0.71 2.65
Widowed 0.38 0.13 1.09 1.52 0.68 3.39
Separated/Divorced 0.83 0.36 1.94 1.45 0.63 3.36
Never married 1.00 ... ... 1.00 ... ...
Education
Less than secondary graduation 2.49* 1.57 3.93 2.09* 1.20 3.64
Secondary graduation 3.06* 1.82 5.14 1.04 0.67 1.62
Some postsecondary 1.17 0.57 2.42 1.78 0.98 3.22
Postsecondary graduation 1.00 ... ... 1.00 ... ...
Household income
First quintile (lowest) 0.85 0.43 1.68 2.06 0.96 4.43
Second quintile 1.04 0.60 1.83 1.88 0.90 3.92
Third quintile 1.18 0.71 1.96 2.22* 1.12 4.39
Fourth quintile 1.16 0.74 1.81 1.51 0.76 2.99
Fifth quintile (highest) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 ... ...
Missing 0.39* 0.17 0.86 1.34 0.51 3.52
Ethnic origin
White 1.00 ... ... 1.00 ... ...
Aboriginal (off-reserve) 1.41 0.49 4.08 1.86 0.77 4.50
Other 0.28* 0.12 0.69 0.43* 0.20 0.93
Smoking status
Current smoker 0.59* 0.36 0.99 0.77 0.45 1.33
Former smoker 1.31 0.85 2.01 0.94 0.64 1.39
Never smoked 1.00 ... ... 1.00 ... ...
Leisure-time physical activity
Inactive 1.00 ... ... 1.00 ... ...
Moderately active 0.65 0.41 1.02 0.68 0.46 1.00
Active 0.58* 0.35 0.98 0.26* 0.15 0.46
* significantly different from estimate for reference category or from 1.00 for continuous variables (p<0.05)
reference category
... not applicable
Note: Plausible respondents are those whose reported energy intake was 70% to 142% of their predicted energy expenditure.
Source: 2004 Canadian Community Healtgh Survey—Nutrition.