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Table 4
Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios relating obesity to selected nutrients, by sex, household population aged 18 or older with plausible energy intake, Canada excluding territories, 2004

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Nutrient Men Women
Unadjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval Adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval Unadjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval Adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval
from to from to from to from to
Energy intake (in 100s of kilocalories) 1.06* 1.03 1.09 1.08* 1.05 1.11 1.09* 1.06 1.13 1.15* 1.11 1.19
Carbohydrates (% of energy) 0.98* 0.96 1.00 0.99 0.98 1.01 0.99 0.98 1.01 1.00 0.99 1.02
Protein (% of energy) 1.01 0.98 1.03 1.02 0.99 1.05 1.01 0.96 1.05 1.01 0.98 1.05
Total fat (% of energy) 1.03* 1.01 1.05 1.01 0.99 1.03 1.01 1.00 1.03 1.00 0.98 1.01
Fibre (grams per 100 kilocalories) 0.50* 0.31 0.79 0.58* 0.34 0.98 0.68 0.45 1.03 0.76 0.51 1.12
* significantly different from 1.00 (p<0.05)
Note: Plausible respondents are those whose reported energy intake was 70% to 142% of their predicted energy expenditure. Each nutrient was modeled separately. Adjusted models controlled for age, marital status, ethnic origin, education, income, smoking, leisure-time physical activity, and total energy intake.
Source: 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition.