Table 5
Linear regression coefficients of ratio of energy intake in relation to predicted energy expenditure requirements, by sex, household population aged 12 to 17, Canada excluding territories, 2004

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Characteristics Boys Girls
beta coefficient 95% confidence interval beta coefficient 95% confidence interval
from to from to
Intercept 1.167 1.065 1.268 1.120 1.037 1.202
Body mass index
Overweight (25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI<30 kg/m2) -0.108* -0.181 -0.035 -0.277* -0.341 -0.212
Obese (≥30 kg/m2) -0.309* -0.384 -0.234 -0.364* -0.462 -0.267
Physical activity
Sedentary 0.168 -0.041 0.377 0.288* 0.145 0.431
Active -0.127* -0.190 -0.064 -0.146* -0.211 -0.081
Very active -0.109 -0.244 0.027 -0.208* -0.409 -0.007
Consumed alcohol in previous year -0.082* -0.145 -0.020 -0.039 -0.099 0.020
Has at least one chronic condition 0.033 -0.037 0.104 0.033 -0.040 0.106
Highest level of education in household
Less than secondary graduation -0.062 -0.257 0.133 -0.013 -0.118 0.091
Secondary graduation -0.094* -0.170 -0.017 -0.029 -0.114 0.057
Some postsecondary -0.155* -0.241 -0.068 -0.029 -0.119 0.061
Daily consumption of fruit and vegetables
Fewer than 5 servings -0.079* -0.152 -0.006 -0.058* -0.115 -0.001
More than 10 servings 0.053 -0.216 0.322 0.097 -0.184 0.378
Self-reported health
Very good -0.043 -0.110 0.023 -0.037 -0.116 0.043
Good -0.057 -0.152 0.039 -0.047 -0.133 0.039
Fair -0.108 -0.243 0.027 -0.052 -0.184 0.080
Poor -0.289* -0.522 -0.056 -0.025 -0.367 0.318
Household income
Low -0.196 -0.406 0.014 0.094 -0.133 0.321
Low/Average 0.021 -0.156 0.198 0.064 -0.045 0.174
Average -0.002 -0.095 0.091 0.050 -0.051 0.152
Average/High -0.029 -0.101 0.043 0.086* 0.004 0.168
Immigrant 0.080 -0.049 0.209 -0.114 -0.256 0.028
Smoker 0.109* 0.004 0.213 -0.006 -0.092 0.080
Aboriginal person 0.088 -0.194 0.371 0.041 -0.134 0.217
Province
Newfoundland and Labrador 0.027 -0.090 0.144 -0.038 -0.151 0.074
Prince Edward Island 0.033 -0.087 0.152 -0.008 -0.150 0.133
Nova Scotia -0.031 -0.172 0.111 -0.033 -0.156 0.091
New Brunswick 0.103 -0.043 0.249 0.015 -0.064 0.095
Quebec 0.183* 0.092 0.274 0.049 -0.048 0.146
Manitoba 0.088 -0.006 0.182 0.015 -0.077 0.107
Saskatchewan 0.140* 0.029 0.251 0.052 -0.067 0.170
Alberta 0.017 -0.077 0.112 -0.085* -0.169 -0.001
British Columbia 0.028 -0.073 0.128 -0.055 -0.132 0.023
* coefficient significantly different from 0 (p < 0.05)
Note: The reference person has a normal BMI, is low active, lives in a household where at least one member is a postsecondary graduate, has 5 to 10 servings of fruit and vegetables each day, is in excellent health, lives in a household in the highest income category, is not an immigrant or an Aboriginal person, does not smoke, and lives in Ontario.
Source: 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey – Nutrition.