Education Indicators in Canada: An International Perspective 2016

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Education Indicators in Canada: An International Perspective 2016 reports on certain aspects of the educational systems in Canada’s provinces and territories and places them in an international context. The indicators presented here align with the definitions and methodologies used by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This set of internationally comparable indicators offers statistical information for the following key themes:

International indicators

Canada has participated in the OECD’s Indicators of Education Systems (INES) programme since the project’s inception in 1988. INES includes a set of indicators that allows comparisons of the education systems of its member countries. The OECD publishes the results annually in Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators.

Education Indicators in Canada: An International Perspectivewas developed to expand upon Canada’s participation in INES and to broaden the Canadian statistical picture by providing comparable statistics for Canada’s provincial/territorial systems of education. It is a product of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP), and is considered a companion report to the OECD’s Education at a Glance, which presents data for all OECD member countries, including Canada.Note 1

The indicators presented in this 2016 edition align with a selection of indicators from the OECD’s 2016 report and were selected based on policy relevance and the availability of data for Canada and its provinces and territories.

The data for Canada and the provinces/territories are presented along with the most recent OECD averages. The definitions and methodologies agreed upon in developing the international indicators were used to produce the data. These definitions and methodologies may differ from those used in a particular province/territory, thus the numbers presented in this report may differ from those published independently by the provinces/territories.

About the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program

The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council: a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. More information about PCEIP, including the full line of products, is available on the Statistics Canada Web site at and the Web site of the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada at

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