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Auriol, Laudeline. 2010. Careers of Doctorate Holders: Employment and Mobility Patterns. Paris, OECD, 29 p. Science, Technology and Industry Working Paper Series, no. 2010/4.

Charbonneau, Léo. 2011. "The problem with PhD training in Canada". www.universityaffairs.ca/margin-notes/the-problem-with-phd-training-in-canada/.

Desjardins, Louise and Darren King. 2011. Expectations and Labour Market Outcomes of Doctoral Graduates from Canadian Universities. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81-595-M089. Ottawa, Statistics Canada and Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 58 p.

Dion, Patrice and Mireille Vézina. 2010. "Emigration from Canada to the United States from 2000 to 2006." Canadian Social TrendsVol. 90, no. 2. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-X.

Hoffer, T.B., M. Hess, V. Welch Jr. and K. Williams. 2007. Doctorate Recipients from United States Universities: Summary Report 2006. Chicago, National Opinion Research Centre, 203 p.

King, Darren, Judy Eisl-Culkin and Louise Desjardins. 2008. Doctorate Education in Canada: Findings from the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2005/2006. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81-595MIE2008069. Ottawa, Statistics Canada and Human Resources and Social Development Canada, 75 p.

Knighton, Tamara and Sheba Mirza. 2002. "Postsecondary Participation: The Effects of Parents' Education and Household Income." Education Quarterly Review. Vol. 8, no. 3: p. 25-32. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81-003-XPB2001.

OECD/UNESCO. Institute for Statistics/Eurostat Careers of Doctorate Holders (CDH) project. www.oecd.org/sti/cdh (accessed April 2, 2012)

Statistics Canada. 2009. The Canadian Labour Market at a Glance, 2007. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 71-222-X, 127 p.

Statistics Canada. Table 282-0074 – Labour Force Survey Estimates (LFS), Wages of Employees by Job Permanence, Union Coverage, Sex and Age Group, Annual(Current Dollars Unless Otherwise Noted), CANSIM (database).

Statistics Canada. Table 282-0008 – Labour Force Survey Estimates (LFS), by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), Sex and Age Group, Annual, CANSIM (database).

Statistics Canada.  Table 477-0020 – Public Postsecondary Graduates, by Pan-Canadian Standard Classification of Education (PCSCE), Classification of Instructional Programs, Primary Grouping (CIP_PG), Sex and Immigration Status, Annual (Number), CANSIM (database).

Zhao, John, Doug Drew and T. Scott Murray. 2000. "Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Migration of Knowledge Workers from and to Canada." Education Quarterly Review. Vol. 6, no. 3. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81-003-XPB.

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