More information

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Note of appreciation

Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long-standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. Accurate and timely statistical information could not be produced without their continued co-operation and goodwill.

Standards of service to the public

Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. To this end, the Agency has developed standards of service which its employees observe in serving its clients.


Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada

© Ministry of Industry, 2008

All rights reserved. The content of this electronic publication may be reproduced, in whole or in part, and by any means, without further permission from Statistics Canada, subject to the following conditions: that it be done solely for the purposes of private study, research, criticism, review or newspaper summary, and/or for non-commercial purposes; and that Statistics Canada be fully acknowledged as follows: Source (or 'Adapted from', if appropriate): Statistics Canada, year of publication, name of product, catalogue number, volume and issue numbers, reference period and page(s). Otherwise, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, by any means - electronic, mechanical or photocopy - or for any purposes without prior written permission of Licensing Services, Client Services Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0T6.

Catalogue no. 81-595-M — 064

Frequency: Occasional

ISBN: 978-0-662-4841 1-0

ISSN: 1711-831X



This study benefited greatly from the guidance of Mark Brown, Desmond Beckstead and Judy Hosein. The author appreciates their assistance, suggestions and wise advice. Desmond Beckstead's work in extracting Census data and his explanation of SAS programming techniques were also extremely helpful for the research undertaken here. The author also thanks Roma Quapp, Mark Brown and Judy Hosein for their helpful suggestions on various drafts of this paper and Alice Peters for her editorial work. Finally, the continued support of Ferhana Ansari and the staff in the Culture Statistics Program at Statistics Canada are very much appreciated.

La version française est disponible sur demande (No 81-595-M au catalogue No 064)