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Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada

© Ministry of Industry, 2008

All rights reserved. The content of this electronic publication may be reproduced, in whole or in part, and by any means, without further permission from Statistics Canada, subject to the following conditions: that it be done solely for the purposes of private study, research, criticism, review or newspaper summary, and/or for non-commercial purposes; and that Statistics Canada be fully acknowledged as follows: Source (or 'Adapted from', if appropriate): Statistics Canada, year of publication, name of product, catalogue number, volume and issue numbers, reference period and page(s). Otherwise, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, by any means - electronic, mechanical or photocopy - or for any purposes without prior written permission of Licensing Services, Client Services Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0T6.

Catalogue no. 81-595-M no. 060

Frequency: Occasional

ISBN 978-0-662-47648-1

ISSN 1711-831X



This report was funded by Sport Canada of the Department of Canadian Heritage, our project sponsors. Data used in the report are compiled by the staff of Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division of Statistics Canada, under the direction of Marcel Béchard. We are grateful for their significant and valuable contributions. A special thank you is extended to Danielle Baum and Alice Peters for their indispensable help in reviewing the text and for preparing the manuscript for publication. Finally, the assistance of the following people was valuable to the production of this report: Joanne Kay, Mary Cromie, Ferhana Ansari, Jocelyne Lepage, Jacques Ewoudou, Susan Moore and Erika Dugas. Their advice and feedback helped structure the research paper.

La version française est disponible sur demande (No 81-595-M au catalogue No 060)