Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program March 2019

Release date: March 25, 2019

These tables update or add to those published in previous issues of Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program.

The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) provides a statistical portrait of the elementary, secondary and postsecondary education systems through these tables and other products.

The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. PCEIP products are prepared by the two organizations in collaboration with the provincial and territorial departments and ministries responsible for education and training. They are aimed at policy makers, practitioners and the general public.

What’s new: Tables have been updated in sections B.1 Total expenditure on education, B.2 Public and private expenditure on education, D.1 Enrolment in postsecondary education, D.2 Postsecondary completions and graduation rates, E.1 Transitions to postsecondary education, E.2 Transitions to the Labour Market and E.3 Labour Market Outcomes.

About PCEIP

Committees and organizations

Section A: A portrait of the school-age population
Section A.1: Population size
  • Estimates and projections of population aged 0 to 29, by age group, Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
  • Estimates and projections of the population aged 0 to 29 with Aboriginal identity, and proportion of persons with Aboriginal identity among the Canadian population, by age group, Canada
    Data Table
  • ArchivedEstimates and projections of the population aged 0 to 29 with Aboriginal identity, and proportion of persons with Aboriginal identity among the provincial/territorial population, by age group, provinces and territories
    June 2016 HTML | XLSX
Section A.2: Cultural diversity
  • Proportion of immigrants and non-permanent residents among the school-age population (ages 5 to 24), Canada and jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs)
    Data Table
  • Proportion of visible minorities among the school-age population (ages 5 to 24), Canada and jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas
    Data Table
  • Proportion of the school-age population (aged 5 to 24) with non-official home language, Canada and jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs), 2011
    Data Table
  • Proportion of the school age population (ages 5 to 24) with Aboriginal identity, Canada, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs)
    Data Table
  • Proportion of the school-age population (ages 5 to 24) with Aboriginal identity, jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs)
    Data Table
Section A.3: Low income
  • Percentage of the population aged 0 to 24 in low income, by age group and type of living arrangement
    Data Table
  • ArchivedDistribution of the population aged 5 to 24, by number of years in low income, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML
Section A.4: Family background
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24, by age group and living arrangements, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24, by age group and by work activity of parents, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24 with Aboriginal identity, by age group and living arrangements, Canada
    Data Table
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24 with Aboriginal identity, by age group and by work activity of parents, Canada
    Data Table
Section B: Financing education systems
Section B.1: Total expenditure on education
  • Combined public and private expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Indices of change in combined public and private expenditures on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Percentage distribution of combined public and private expenditures on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Combined public and private expenditure on education per capita and index of change, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Combined public and private expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP and index of change, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
Section B.2: Public and private expenditure on education
  • ArchivedPublic expenditure on education, health, social services, and non-social programs, Canada
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPublic expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedIndices of change in public expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPrivate expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedIndices of change in private expenditure on education, in 2001 constant dollars, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPrivate expenditure as a percentage of total expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPercentage of households incurring education expenditure and average expenditure per household on education, Canada and jurisdictions
    April 2011 HTML | XLS
  • Average undergraduate and graduate university tuition fees, full-time Canadian students, Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Average undergraduate and graduate university tuition fees, full-time Canadian students, by field of study, Canada
    Data Tables
  • University revenues, by source, as a percentage of total revenue, Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • University expenditures, by type of expenditure, Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Percentage distribution of university expenditures, by type of expenditure, Canada and provinces
    Data Table
Section B.3: Student debt
  • ArchivedPercentage of graduates who borrowed from government student loan programs and average debt at graduation, Canada and provinces
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedIncidence and repayment of government student loans among 2009-2010 graduates who did not pursue any further postsecondary education program, Canada and provinces
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
Section C: Elementary-secondary education
Section C.1: Early years and school readiness
  • ArchivedGeneral health, health limitations and participation in selected activities of 4- and 5-year-olds, by sex, Canada
    April 2011 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPeabody Picture Vocabulary Test (Revised) scores for 4- and 5-year-olds, by sex, Canada
    April 2011 HTML | XLS
Section C.2: Elementary-secondary school: enrolments and educators
  • Full-time educators (headcount) in public elementary-secondary schools, number and percentage distribution by sex and age, Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Percentage of part-time educators in public elementary and secondary schools by sex and age group, Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
  • Proportion of male educators (headcount) among full-time and part-time educators in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
  • ArchivedFull-time equivalent enrolments in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada, provinces and territories
    May 2013 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedFull-time equivalent educators in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada, provinces and territories
    April 2014 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedStudent-educator ratio in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada, provinces and territories
    May 2013 HTML | XLS
Section C.4: Student achievement
  • Estimated average scores and percent distribution of 15-year-old students, science, by proficiency level, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada, provinces and participating countries
    Data Table
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, reading, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, science, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, mathematics, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, science assessment, by science scale and science sub-scales, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces, Council of Ministers of Education Canada (CMEC)
    Data Table
  • ArchivedMean scores of Grade 8 students, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) reading, math and science assessments, Canada, provinces, 2013
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedPerformance of provinces relative to Canada based on the mean score of Grade 8 students, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) mathematics, reading, and science assessments, 2013
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedPerformance of provinces relative to Canada based on the mean score of Grade 8 students who responded in English, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) mathematics, reading, and science assessments, 2013
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedPerformance of provinces relative to Canada based on the mean score of Grade 8 students who responded in French, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) mathematics, reading, and science assessments, 2013
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedMean scores of Grade 8 students on the Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) science and science subdomains assessments, Canada, provinces 2013
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedPercentage distribution, results of Grade 8 students on the Pan-Canadian Program Assessment (PCAP) science assessment, by level of performance, Canada, provinces, 2013
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedMean scores of Grade 8 students on the Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) reading mathematics assessment by language, Canada, provinces and Yukon, 2007 2010 and 2010 2013
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
Section C.5: Information and communications technologies (ICT)
  • ArchivedNumber of computers per student in the modal grade attended by 15-year-olds, by students' socio-economic status, Canada, provinces, G-8 and selected OECD countries, 2009
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPercentage of 15-year-old students who reported using computers at home and at school, by frequency of use, Canada, other countries and provinces, 2006
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPercentage of 15-year-old students who reported use of computers at home and at school, by frequency of use and sex, Canada, other countries and provinces, 2006
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPercentage of 15-year-old students in schools whose principals reported shortage or inadequacy of computer hardware or software for instruction, by students’ socio-economic status, Canada, provinces, G-8 and selected OECD countries, 2009
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedIndex of computer use at school, by students’ socio-economic status, Canada, provinces, G-8 and selected OECD countries, 2009
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedIndex of self-confidence in information and communications technologies high-level tasks, by students’ socio-economic status, Canada, provinces, G-8 and selected OECD countries, 2009
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
Section D: Postsecondary education
Section D.1: Enrolment in postsecondary education
  • Number of registered apprentices, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Number and percentage distribution of apprenticeship program registrations by major trade group and sex, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Number and percentage distribution of apprenticeship program registrations by age group Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • College enrolment, by sex, registration status and program type, Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
  • University enrolment, by sex, registration status, and program type, Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Percentage of females relative to total postsecondary enrolment
    Data Table
Section D.2: Postsecondary completions and graduation rates
  • Number of certificates granted to registered apprentices, Canada and jurisdictions
    Data Table
  • Number and percentage distribution of certificates granted to registered apprentices by major trade group and sex
    Data Table
  • Postsecondary graduates, by institution type, sex and student status
    Data Table
  • Percentage of females relative to total postsecondary graduates
    Data Table
Section D.3: University educators
  • ArchivedNumber of full-time teaching staff in universities, by academic rank and sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedNumber, age distribution and median age of full-time university teaching staff, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedAge distribution of full-time university teaching staff and of full-time employed labour force, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedNumber and salary of full-time university teaching staff, by rank and sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
Section D.4: Research and development
  • Total domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) as a percentage of gross domestic product
    Data Table
  • Percentage of total research and development (R&D) expenditure by performing sector
    Data Table
  • Expenditures on Research and Development (R&D), by performing sector
    Data Table
  • Sources of funds for expenditures on research and development (R&D) in the higher education sector
    Data Table
Section D.5: Literacy
  • ArchivedLiteracy levels for numeracy proficiency, by urban/rural status, Canada and jurisdictions, population aged 16 and over, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedLiteracy levels for numeracy proficiency, by age group and sex, Canada and jurisdictions, population aged 16 and over, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedLiteracy levels for numeracy proficiency, by educational attainment, Canada and jurisdictions, population aged 16 and over, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedLiteracy levels for numeracy proficiency, Aboriginal (urban) and non-Aboriginal (urban and rural) populations aged 16 and over in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedLiteracy levels for numeracy proficiency, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations aged 16 and over in Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
Section D.6: Educational attainment of the population aged 25 to 64
  • Educational attainment of the population aged 25 to 64, by age group and sex, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
  • Distribution of the population aged 25 to 64 (total and with Aboriginal identity), by highest certificate, diploma or degree and age group, Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
  • Educational attainment in the population aged 25 to 64, off-reserve Aboriginal, non-Aboriginal and total population, Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
  • Distribution of the population aged 25 to 64 (total and with Aboriginal identity), by sex and highest certificate, diploma or degree, Canada, provinces and territories
    Data Table
Section D.7: Adult education and training
  • ArchivedParticipation rate in formal job-related training for the adult work force, by sex, age group, educational attainment and province
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedMean annual number of hours of formal job-related training per participant, by sex, age group, educational attainment and province
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedProportion of participants and non-participants reporting unmet job-related training needs or wants, by sex, age group and educational attainment, Canada
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedReasons for unmet job-related training needs or wants, training participants and non-participants, Canada
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
Section E: Transitions and outcomes
Section E.1: Transitions to postsecondary education
  • ArchivedParticipation rate in education, by age group and type of institution attended, Canada and jurisidictions
    February 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Participation rate in education among 15- to 29-year-olds, by age and type of institution attended
    Data Table
  • Participation rate in education among 15- to 29-year-olds, by age group and type of institution attended
    Data Table
  • Participation rate in education among 18- to 34-year-olds, by age group and type of institution attended
    Data Table
  • ArchivedEducational status of an 18- to 20-year-old cohort over time, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPercentage of 18- to 20-year old high-school leavers in 1999 who later reported additional education, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedPercentage of a cohort of 26- to 28-year-olds who ever left high school, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
Section E.2: Transitions to the labour market
  • Proportion of working students aged 15 to 29, by single year of age and type of institution attended
    Data Table
  • Proportion of working students aged 15 to 29, by age group and type of institution attended
    Data Table
  • Population, aged 15 to 29, non-students and students by type of institution attended, age and labour force status
    Data Table
  • ArchivedPercentage of 2009-2010 graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by level of education and province of study
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedPercentage of 2009-2010 university graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedPercentage of 2009-2010 college graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedMedian annual earnings of 2009-2010 graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by level of education and province of study
    October 2015  HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedDistribution of annual earnings of 2009-2010 graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex, level of education and province of study
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedMedian annual earnings of 2009-2010 college graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedMedian annual earnings of 2009-2010 university graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedMigration characteristics of 2000 graduates in the period before enrolling and two years after graduation, Canada and jurisdictions
    June 2009 HTML | XLS
  • ArchivedMigration characteristics of 2005 graduates in the period before enrolling and two years after graduation, Canada and jurisdictions
    June 2009 HTML | XLS
Section E.3: Labour market outcomes
  • Unemployment rates of population aged 15 and over, total and with Aboriginal identity, by educational attainment, Canada
    Data Table
  • Unemployment rates of 25- to 29-year-olds, by educational attainment, Canada and provinces
    Data Table
  • Unemployment rates of population aged 15 and over, total and with Aboriginal identity, by educational attainment, Canada
    Data Table
  • ArchivedDistribution of earners, by highest certificate, diploma or degree and earnings/employment income, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • ArchivedAverage earnings or employment income, by age group and highest certificate, diploma or degree, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
Section F: Reference statistics
Section F.1: Reference statistics for use in the calculation of indicators
  • Implicit Price Index, gross domestic product (GDP), annual, Canada, provinces and territories
    CANSIM time series
  • Consumer Price Index (CPI), Canada, provinces and selected cities
    CANSIM time series
  • Consumer Price Index (CPI), 2011 basket, monthly, September, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
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