Table E.2.3
Distribution of the population aged 15 to 29, by type of institution attended, labour force status and age, Canada, 1995/1996, 2000/2001 and 2005/2006 to 2009/2010

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  Age
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Total 15 to 29
percent
2009/2010
Non-students 2.8 3.9 9.7 27.3 37.9 44.4 50.4 59.3 66.5 74.1 80.5 84.2 87.2 87.6 88.6 54.5
Non-student employed 0.6E 1.4 4.9 17.9 25.8 32.2 37.3 45.2 52.6 59.9 64.5 68.9 71.4 72.4 74.1 42.7
Non-student not in the labour force 1.8 1.7 2.8 4.7 6.1 5.6 6.3 6.8 6.4 7.7 8.5 8.6 9.2 8.7 9.0 6.3
Non-student unemployed 0.3E 0.8 2.1 4.7 6.0 6.6 6.8 7.3 7.4 6.6 7.5 6.7 6.6 6.4 5.5 5.5
Students 97.2 96.1 90.2 72.5 61.7 55.3 49.3 40.3 33.1 25.6 19.1 15.3 12.3 12.0 11.0 45.7
University student employed x 0.1 0.7E 7.2 10.7 14.2 15.7 12.9 10.3 7.9 6.6 5.6 3.5 3.9 4.1 6.9
University student not in the labour force 0.2E 0.1E 1.5 12.0 14.8 16.7 16.0 12.4 9.6 6.9 4.8 3.6 2.5 2.3 2.0E 7.0
College student employed F 0.5E 4.5 10.5 12.4 9.1 7.0 5.7 5.1 3.8 2.5 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.4 4.5
College student not in the labour force 0.5E 0.8E 4.0 9.3 9.0 7.7 5.2 4.2 4.0 3.2 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.1 3.7
Primary/secondary student employed 16.7 27.8 31.0 11.8 3.1 1.4 0.8E 0.7E 0.6E 0.4E 0.2E F 0.2 0.2 F 6.2
Primary/secondary student not in the labour force 72.6 56.4 39.6 13.9 5.4 1.7 0.9E 0.7 0.6E 0.7 0.3E 0.2E 0.4E 0.2E 0.2E 12.3
Other1 7.1 10.6 8.8 7.8 6.1 4.5 3.7 3.7 2.9 2.8 2.5 1.8 2.2 1.8 1.9 4.5
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2008/2009
Non-students 3.6 4.8 10.7 30.3 39.3 47.1 51.1 61.5 68.3 74.7 81.5 84.3 86.4 88.6 90.3 55.5
Non-student employed 1.2 2.1 6.0 20.3 27.8 35.0 38.7 48.3 55.1 61.1 67.9 70.3 72.0 74.4 74.7 44.3
Non-student not in the labour force 1.9 2.0 3.0 4.9 5.5 6.0 6.3 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.7 8.7 8.8 8.8 10.1 6.4
Non-student unemployed 0.5E 0.8 1.8 5.1 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.5 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.4 5.6 4.9
Students 96.4 95.2 89.2 69.5 60.3 52.7 48.7 38.2 31.4 24.9 18.0 15.1 13.3 10.9 9.1 44.6
University student employed x F 0.6E 6.9 10.8 12.5 14.1 12.1 10.2 7.2 6.4 5.2 4.9 3.7 4.0 6.6
University student not in the labour force 0.2E F 1.5 12.0 14.1 15.7 15.4 11.4 9.3 7.2 4.2 3.6 2.8 2.5 1.1E 6.7
College student employed 0.1E 0.3E 4.7 10.7 12.9 10.3 8.4 6.2 4.2 3.9 2.8 2.1 1.9 1.5 0.9 4.7
College student not in the labour force 0.5E 0.5E 3.9 8.1 8.7 6.7 5.2 4.2 3.4 3.0 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.2E 3.5
Primary/secondary student employed 19.8 33.3 34.9 13.1 4.1 1.2 0.9E 0.4E 0.6E 0.4E 0.3E F 0.3E F F 7.2
Primary/secondary student not in the labour force 68.6 51.9 35.2 11.5 4.5 2.1 1.2E 0.6E 0.7E 0.4E 0.3E 0.4E 0.1E 0.2E F 11.4
Other1 7.2 8.8 8.5 7.1 5.3 4.2 3.4 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.3 4.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2007/2008
Non-students 3.0 5.3 9.8 30.6 38.0 45.8 52.7 60.6 67.3 72.5 82.3 83.9 86.5 87.8 89.9 54.8
Non-student employed 1.0 2.1 5.9 21.9 28.9 35.7 41.4 48.6 55.0 59.7 69.7 70.3 72.8 74.0 74.8 44.5
Non-student not in the labour force 1.7 2.2 2.5 4.5 4.6 5.1 5.9 6.5 7.3 7.7 7.7 8.9 9.1 8.7 11.0 6.3
Non-student unemployed 0.3E 1.0 1.4 4.2 4.4 5.1 5.4 5.4 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.5 5.1 4.1 4.0
Students 97.0 94.7 90.1 69.2 61.8 54.0 47.1 39.2 32.5 27.1 17.3 15.7 13.1 11.7 9.8 45.4
University student employed 0.1E 0.1E 0.8E 5.8 10.5 13.7 14.9 13.5 11.3 8.6 5.6 5.3 4.7 4.0 3.2 6.8
University student not in the labour force 0.2E 0.2E 1.2 10.8 15.6 17.0 14.1 12.4 9.0 7.3 4.1 3.6 2.8 2.5 1.5E 6.8
College student employed 0.2E 0.3E 5.0 11.6 13.6 10.5 7.7 5.6 5.3 4.6 2.9 2.4 2.0 2.3 1.5 5.0
College student not in the labour force 0.4E 0.6E 4.5 8.6 7.7 6.2 5.0 3.7 3.3 2.9 1.9 1.8 1.2 1.1 1.1E 3.3
Primary/secondary student employed 21.1 33.1 37.0 14.1 4.4 1.4 1.3 0.7E 0.7E 0.3E F 0.2E F F 0.2E 7.6
Primary/secondary student not in the labour force 68.1 52.0 34.4 12.0 4.7 1.3 0.8E 0.7E 0.6E 0.6E F 0.2E 0.3E F F 11.5
Other1 7.0 8.5 7.3 6.3 5.4 3.9 3.2 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.9 4.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2006/2007
Non-students 3.5 4.7 10.4 31.0 38.6 48.8 51.6 58.2 66.6 74.6 80.3 84.6 85.8 88.5 90.2 54.9
Non-student employed 1.1 2.1 6.3 22.0 28.6 37.7 41.2 47.0 53.3 61.9 67.0 71.6 72.0 74.3 76.8 44.6
Non-student not in the labour force 1.8 1.7 2.5 4.9 5.1 6.3 6.0 6.3 7.8 7.4 8.3 7.8 8.5 9.4 9.3 6.2
Non-student unemployed 0.6E 0.9 1.6 4.1 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.9 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.8 4.1 4.1
Students 96.5 95.3 89.5 68.7 61.2 51.0 48.2 41.5 33.0 24.9 19.3 15.0 13.3 11.1 9.3 45.3
University student employed F F 0.9E 6.1 10.6 12.4 15.7 14.1 11.0 8.5 6.9 4.8 4.6 3.7 2.9 6.9
University student not in the labour force 0.2E 0.1E 1.2E 12.0 15.2 14.6 15.2 12.8 9.6 6.2 4.6 3.8 3.3 2.5 1.4 6.9
College student employed 0.1E 0.4E 4.9 10.1 13.7 10.0 6.9 6.2 4.3 4.3 2.7 2.6 1.9 1.6 1.9 4.8
College student not in the labour force 0.6 0.7E 3.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 4.6 4.1 3.7 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.0E 3.4
Primary/secondary student employed 19.5 33.7 34.3 13.1 3.7 1.2 0.8E 0.5E 0.3E 0.3E 0.2E 0.1E 0.1E F F 7.1
Primary/secondary student not in the labour force 70.1 51.9 37.0 12.6 4.7 1.6 0.9 0.6E 0.8E 0.4E 0.4E F 0.3E 0.3E F 11.9
Other1 5.9 8.3 7.6 6.8 5.5 4.1 4.1 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.3 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 4.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2005/2006
Non-students 3.8 6.1 10.9 28.5 37.8 45.8 52.8 59.2 66.6 71.8 81.7 83.9 86.2 88.2 90.0 54.5
Non-student employed 1.2 2.4 6.7 21.0 27.4 35.3 42.1 48.4 54.9 58.4 67.0 69.4 72.3 74.4 75.8 44.1
Non-student not in the labour force 2.1 2.8 2.5 4.1 5.2 5.1 5.4 6.0 6.5 7.6 9.1 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.6 6.2
Non-student unemployed 0.5E 1.0 1.7 3.5 5.1 5.4 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.8 5.6 5.4 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.2
Students 96.2 93.9 88.9 71.4 62.0 53.9 47.0 40.4 33.0 27.7 18.0 15.8 13.3 11.0 9.5 45.6
University student employed F F 0.5E 6.3 10.3 12.8 14.4 14.2 10.6 9.9 5.7 5.3 4.7 4.2 3.3 6.9
University student not in the labour force F 0.2E 1.4 11.4 15.4 15.7 15.0 12.3 9.4 7.5 4.6 3.6 2.8E 1.8E 1.5 6.8
College student employed 0.2E 0.4E 4.4 11.2 13.0 10.0 6.6 5.7 5.3 3.9 3.3 2.3 2.1 1.6 1.5 4.7
College student not in the labour force 0.5 0.7E 3.9 8.0 8.6 7.2 5.2 3.9 4.1 2.6 1.8 2.1 1.5 1.5 1.3E 3.5
Primary/secondary student employed 18.6 30.5 35.5 13.8 4.4 1.8 0.9E 0.6E 0.4E 0.5E F F F F F 7.1
Primary/secondary student not in the labour force 70.9 53.3 35.5 13.6 5.0 1.6 0.8E 0.6E 0.5E 0.4E 0.2E 0.4E 0.3E 0.3E F 12.1
Other1 5.9 8.7 7.7 7.0 5.4 4.9 4.1 3.2 2.7 2.8 2.4 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6 4.1
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2000/2001
Non-students 3.3 5.0 12.1 28.7 40.7 50.4 55.3 62.5 71.4 77.3 83.7 87.1 88.1 88.4 89.9 56.0
Non-student employed 0.9 2.0 7.2 20.2 30.3 38.0 42.2 49.3 58.4 63.0 69.0 72.1 74.0 75.7 73.8 44.8
Non-student not in the labour force 2.2 2.1 3.0 4.3 5.5 6.6 8.2 8.0 7.8 9.5 9.3 9.5 9.5 8.9 11.0 7.0
Non-student unemployed 0.2E 0.8 1.9 4.1 4.8 5.7 4.9 5.2 5.2 4.9 5.4 5.6 4.6 3.8 5.0 4.1
Students 96.7 95.0 87.9 70.8 59.1 49.5 44.3 37.3 28.2 22.2 15.9 12.5 11.6 11.0 9.7 44.2
University student employed x x 0.5E 4.0 7.4 12.0 12.9 11.5 8.5 6.6 4.0 3.1 3.8 3.0 2.6 5.3
University student not in the labour force x x 0.8 6.4 13.5 12.2 12.0 9.5 8.4 5.4 3.7 2.2 1.4 2.1 1.2E 5.3
College student employed 0.2E 0.6 4.0 9.4 12.7 9.8 8.4 5.9 4.5 3.9 3.1 3.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 4.8
College student not in the labour force 0.8 0.9 5.8 10.6 9.7 8.3 5.9 5.6 3.1 2.7 2.5 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.6E 4.2
Primary/secondary student employed 19.9 31.7 34.8 17.4 5.7 0.9 0.3E 0.6E 0.5E 0.4E 0.3E 0.3E F F 0.2E 7.6
Primary/secondary student not in the labour force 69.1 53.2 33.7 15.5 4.7 2.1 1.2 0.6E 0.7E 0.7E 0.2E 0.4E 0.1E 0.2E F 12.3
Other1 6.6 8.5 8.4 7.6 5.4 4.3 3.7 3.6 2.6 2.6 2.0 1.8 2.3 2.1 1.9 4.3
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1995/1996
Non-students 2.2 5.0 12.5 25.9 38.5 48.8 54.6 63.6 72.3 78.2 83.9 86.5 89.3 90.1 92.0 57.2
Non-student employed 0.4E 1.5 6.5 16.0 28.0 34.0 40.1 47.5 56.0 61.9 65.3 67.6 68.8 69.0 70.8 43.0
Non-student not in the labour force 1.6 2.6 3.5 4.7 4.5 7.3 7.3 8.9 8.5 8.9 11.0 10.8 13.3 13.9 12.8 8.1
Non-student unemployed 0.2E 0.8 2.4 5.2 5.9 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.8 7.4 7.5 8.1 7.1 7.2 8.4 6.0
Students 97.8 95.0 87.5 74.1 61.5 51.1 45.2 36.0 27.5 21.5 15.8 13.0 10.2 9.6 7.6 43.2
University student employed x x 1.1E 3.8 8.5 10.0 11.6 10.3 6.6 5.4 4.1 3.5 2.8 2.6 2.0 4.8
University student not in the labour force x x 2.1 8.3 12.8 15.4 14.3 10.4 8.9 6.0 3.4 2.8 1.6E 1.4E 1.3E 5.8
College student employed x 0.3E 5.2 8.8 11.7 8.1 7.3 5.5 4.1 3.6 2.6 2.3 1.9 1.5 1.3 4.2
College student not in the labour force F 1.6E 8.3 11.9 10.5 8.7 6.0 4.7 4.8 2.9 2.9 2.1 1.5E 1.6 1.3 4.5
Primary/secondary student employed 20.5 29.1 27.4 14.0 4.7 2.0 0.6E F 0.4E F 0.3E F F F x 6.5
Primary/secondary student not in the labour force 72.7 57.6 34.8 18.0 6.1 2.4 1.4E 1.2E 0.6E 0.4E 0.3E F 0.2E F F 12.7
Other1 4.2 6.3 8.7 9.4 7.1 4.7 4.0 3.4 2.1 2.7 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.3 4.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
1. Includes all unemployed students attending an educational institution.
Notes: The calculations are based on a monthly average from September to April. The number of students includes full-time and part-time attendance.
Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates for Canada are derived using results from the provinces; the territories are excluded.
Caution should be exercised in interpreting these ratios, as small estimates may present fairly high sampling variability. Estimates for small geographic areas, for small age-groups or for cross-classified variables will be associated with larger variability.
For a brief description of this indicator, including the methodology, please see the Handbook for the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program.
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, data published July 2010.
Updated December 13, 2010.