Table A.3.1.2
Percentage of the population aged 5 to 19 in low income,1 by age group and type of living arrangement, Canada and provinces, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005 to 2008

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  Age group
Ages 5 to 14 Ages 15 to 19 Ages 5 to 19
All living arrangments Living with two parents Living with lone parent Not living with any parent All living arrangments Living with two parents Living with lone parent Not living with any parent All living arrangments Living with two parents Living with lone parent Not living with any parent
Percent
Canada
1990 14 8 43 24 12 5 26 47 13 7 37 44
1995 18 12 46 30 17 9 30 58 17 11 41 54
2000 14 9 36 29 13 7 19 60 14 8 30 56
2005 12 8 27 16 12 5 21 59 12 7 25 54
2006 12 8 27 36 12 5 18 55 12 7 24 53
2007 10 7 23 19 9 4 12 51 10 6 18 47
2008 9 7 20 16 8 4 10 50 9 6 16 45
Newfoundland and Labrador
1990 18 13 55 F 15 8 46 51 17 11 52 44
1995 20 15 52 F 16 11 44 F 18 13 50 F
2000 16 12 42 .. 16 10 34 F 16 11 39 F
2005 10 5 27 .. 9 3 18 F 10 5 23 F
2006 9 4 31 .. 10 4 19 F 10 4 25 F
2007 5 1 19 .. 6 .. F F 6 1 14 F
2008 9 6 18 .. 4 2 F F 7 5 14 F
Prince Edward Island
1990 6 4 22 .. 7 3 10 38 6 4 17 36
1995 10 6 38 F 6 1 F F 9 4 36 F
2000 9 7 21 F 7 4 F F 8 6 16 F
2005 3 1 12 .. 4 .. F F 4 1 12 F
2006 4 3 8 .. 4 .. .. F 4 2 5 F
2007 6 3 14 .. 8 F F F 7 3 10 F
2008 4 2 11 .. 8 F F F 6 2 8 F
Nova Scotia
1990 11 4 45 F 12 2 26 73 12 3 38 61
1995 18 10 54 F 14 5 36 61 16 8 49 53
2000 14 10 34 F 13 4 19 56 13 8 28 57
2005 10 6 27 .. 8 5 8 F 9 5 20 F
2006 10 4 29 .. 9 2 11 67 10 3 22 67
2007 8 5 19 .. 9 4 9 49 9 4 15 47
2008 9 6 20 .. 7 3 14 F 8 5 18 F
New Brunswick
1990 13 7 46 F 12 5 29 42 13 6 40 38
1995 19 12 49 F 15 8 26 52 18 11 43 43
2000 12 6 40 F 11 5 17 65 12 6 32 62
2005 10 5 26 .. 11 2 18 59 10 4 23 55
2006 12 8 26 F 9 3 12 45 11 6 21 46
2007 9 4 24 .. 11 3 24 47 10 3 24 44
2008 7 3 21 .. 5 3 F F 6 3 16 F
Quebec
1990 14 9 46 F 15 6 39 48 15 8 43 46
1995 19 13 44 F 17 9 30 59 18 11 39 56
2000 16 10 40 F 13 7 25 60 15 9 35 59
2005 9 6 22 F 11 5 16 59 10 6 20 51
2006 10 7 19 F 13 5 24 47 11 7 21 45
2007 10 8 17 F 10 6 15 49 10 7 16 46
2008 11 10 17 F 8 6 5 49 10 8 11 48
Ontario
1990 12 8 36 F 8 3 17 43 11 6 29 39
1995 17 10 46 40 16 9 32 56 16 10 42 53
2000 13 8 34 F 12 7 15 65 12 8 27 61
2005 13 9 32 F 12 5 27 55 13 8 30 52
2006 13 9 30 F 9 5 18 53 12 8 26 50
2007 10 8 22 F 7 4 9 59 9 7 17 51
2008 9 6 20 F 9 4 14 65 9 5 18 52
Manitoba
1990 18 13 51 F 16 8 22 50 18 11 41 50
1995 23 16 56 F 19 9 30 60 21 14 48 56
2000 19 13 45 F 13 4 31 57 17 10 40 57
2005 15 11 33 F 14 11 12 49 15 11 26 48
2006 13 11 24 F 13 11 13 36 13 11 21 36
2007 13 9 26 F 12 8 11 44 13 9 21 42
2008 9 6 20 .. 10 3 22 F 10 5 21 F
Saskatchewan
1990 17 12 48 42 17 8 29 48 17 11 41 47
1995 19 14 50 F 18 9 24 58 19 12 42 63
2000 13 7 36 F 13 5 24 48 13 6 33 45
2005 12 6 29 F 15 7 17 64 13 6 25 61
2006 14 6 37 F 15 4 21 66 14 5 31 65
2007 12 6 34 F 9 2 9 66 10 4 23 58
2008 8 5 21 F 6 1 F 42 7 3 15 41
Alberta
1990 14 7 47 F 16 5 37 47 14 6 44 47
1995 19 12 55 F 17 6 34 57 18 10 48 51
2000 14 11 34 .. 10 5 9 52 13 9 24 48
2005 8 5 27 F 11 2 13 60 9 4 20 57
2006 6 3 18 F 6 1 6 48 6 2 13 50
2007 6 3 16 F 6 2 8 33 6 2 13 35
2008 7 4 24 .. 5 1 1 39 6 3 14 34
British Columbia
1990 14 8 43 F 10 5 15 43 13 7 33 40
1995 17 13 38 .. 19 12 17 60 18 13 31 54
2000 15 10 31 F 16 9 21 58 15 10 28 55
2005 15 12 23 F 16 9 24 65 15 11 24 58
2006 16 10 40 F 20 12 24 76 17 11 33 69
2007 14 9 36 F 14 8 19 56 14 8 29 50
2008 11 9 20 F 10 6 10 F 10 8 16 47
F too unreliable to be published
.. not available for a specific reference period
1. Based on after-tax low-income cutoffs (LICOs), which indicate when a family may be in "straitened circumstances." This means that the family is likely to spend 20% more of its net income on basic items such as food, shelter and clothing compared with the average family, which leaves less money available for other expenses such as health, education, transportation and recreation.
For a brief description of this indicator, including the methodology, please see the Handbook for the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program.
Sources: Statistics Canada, Survey of Consumer Finances, 1990 and 1995 and Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, 2000, 2005 to 2008.
Updated December 13, 2010.