Table A.3.1.1
Percentage of the population aged 0 to 4 in low income,1 by type of living arrangement, Canada and provinces, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005 to 2008

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  Ages 0 to 4
All living arrangments Living with two parents Living with lone parent
Percent
Canada
1990 16 10 60
1995 19 13 59
2000 16 11 44
2005 13 9 40
2006 12 9 37
2007 10 6 35
2008 11 8 35
Newfoundland and Labrador
1990 22 15 67
1995 29 20 68
2000 22 13 55
2005 16 8 38
2006 10 F 30
2007 12 F 37
2008 13 F F
Prince Edward Island
1990 8 5 30
1995 11 8 F
2000 7 4 F
2005 5 4 F
2006 6 1 F
2007 5 .. F
2008 6 .. F
Nova Scotia
1990 15 6 62
1995 24 12 69
2000 13 8 42
2005 10 6 36
2006 9 6 27
2007 12 9 25
2008 5 0 F
New Brunswick
1990 15 7 53
1995 23 13 71
2000 9 6 36
2005 14 3 56
2006 14 8 42
2007 12 2 47
2008 4 1 F
Quebec
1990 15 9 65
1995 20 14 62
2000 19 13 51
2005 11 9 30
2006 10 7 38
2007 9 6 28
2008 12 8 44
Ontario
1990 14 8 56
1995 17 11 57
2000 15 12 40
2005 11 8 40
2006 12 9 33
2007 11 8 36
2008 10 7 36
Manitoba
1990 25 14 76
1995 19 12 65
2000 15 9 60
2005 15 12 32
2006 11 9 26
2007 9 9 F
2008 8 8 F
Saskatchewan
1990 19 13 63
1995 27 17 73
2000 15 9 36
2005 17 11 43
2006 20 14 49
2007 12 6 47
2008 14 11 33
Alberta
1990 19 13 61
1995 20 15 56
2000 13 10 45
2003 15 7 41
2006 11 8 36
2007 9 5 40
2008 10 7 41
British Columbia
1990 20 13 59
1995 18 13 49
2000 14 12 39
2005 19 15 42
2006 18 13 46
2007 10 6 38
2008 13 12 F
0 true zero or a value rounded to zero
F too unreliable to be published
.. not available for a specific reference period
1. Based on after-tax low-income cutoffs (LICOs), which indicate when a family may be in "straitened circumstances." This means that the family is likely to spend 20% more of its net income on basic items such as food, shelter and clothing compared with the average family, which leaves less money available for other expenses such as health, education, transportation and recreation.
For a brief description of this indicator, including the methodology, please see the Handbook for the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program.
Sources: Statistics Canada, Survey of Consumer Finances, 1990 and 1995 and Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, 2000, 2005 to 2008.
Updated December 13, 2010.