Table D.4.4
Expenditures on research and development (R&D) by performing sector, Canada and provinces, 2000 and 2003 to 2007

Standard table symbols

  2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
millions of current dollars
Canada, total1 20,556r 24,691r 26,783r 28,126r 28,599r 29,170
Government, total 2,310 2,361 2,373 2,717 2,829 2,918
Federal government 2,080 2,083 2,084r 2,414 2,496 2,532
Provincial governments2 230 278 290 303r 333 387
Business enterprise 12,395 14,095r 15,249r 15,774r 16,021r 15,882
Higher education3 5,793 8,143 9,058 9,518 9,625r 10,187
Private non-profit 58r 92 103 117 125 183
Newfoundland and Labrador, total 138 173 173 267 259r 262
Government, total 35 28 28 33 31 33
Federal government 30 23 23 28 27 28
Provincial government2 5 5 5 5 5r 5
Business enterprise 20 31 30r 86 96r 90
Higher education3 83 114 116 149r 132 140
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
Prince Edward Island, total 37r 43 41 66 68r 58
Government, total 16 12 10 28 26 13
Federal government 16 12 10 28 26 13
Provincial government2 0 .. .. .. .. ..
Business enterprise 5 7 7 11 11r 11
Higher education3 16r 25 24 27 31 34
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nova Scotia, total 362r 409 447r 466r 488r 501
Government, total 94 72 87 72 79 77
Federal government 88 66 81 66 73 77
Provincial government2 6 6 6 6 6 ..
Business enterprise 67 78r 94 97r 92r 98
Higher education3 200 259 266 297r 317 327
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
New Brunswick, total 158 215r 227 258r 272r 314
Government, total 30 34 31r 30 34 59
Federal government 27 30 26 26 30 46
Provincial government2 3 4 4 4 4 12
Business enterprise 40 63r 82 99r 104r 112
Higher education3 89 118 114 130 135 144
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
Quebec, total 5,717r 6,965r 7,240r 7,260r 7,653r 7,824
Government, total 447r 446r 450r 536r 542r 500
Federal government 390r 364r 368r 451r 457r 410
Provincial government2 58 83 82 85 85 90
Business enterprise 3,642 4,174r 4,323r 4,168r 4,570r 4,714
Higher education3 1,629r 2,345 2,467 2,556 2,541 2,610
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ontario, total 10,383r 11,983r 12,955r 13,665r 13,632r 13,601
Government 1,210r 1,349 1,287r 1,479 1,576 1,639
Federal government 1,164r 1,301r 1,241r 1,435r 1,506r 1,582
Provincial government2 46 48 46 44r 70 57
Business enterprise 6,857r 7,447r 7,833r 8,205r 7,968r 7,648
Higher education3 2,317 3,187 3,835 3,980 4,088 4,314
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
Manitoba, total 393 455r 519 582r 549r 585
Government, total 72 67 77 88r 87 90
Federal government 69 63 73 83 81 85
Provincial government2 3 4 4 4 6 6
Business enterprise 133 150 182r 200r 175r 193
Higher education3 189 239 260 294 287 302
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
Saskatchewan, total 376 398 425r 454r 466r 441
Government, total 72 65 67 83 83 75
Federal government 62 54 54 68 67 63
Provincial government2 10 11 13 15 16 11
Business enterprise 76 88 113r 153r 168r 136
Higher education3 228 245 245 218r 216r 230
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
Alberta, total 1,319 1,901r 2,262r 2,423r 2,402r 2,403
Government, total 189r 190 224 252 258 256
Federal government 116 87 110 130 133 116
Provincial government2 74 103 114 122 125 141
Business enterprise 583 884r 1,139r 1,210r 1,226r 1,142
Higher education3 547 827 899 962 919 1,004
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
British Columbia, total 1,606 2,050r 2,371r 2,550r 2,651r 2,935
Government, total 136 94r 107 108 109 138
Federal government 111 80 91 91 91 108
Provincial government2 25 15 16 18r 18 30
Business enterprise 973 1,171r 1,432r 1,537r 1,583r 1,713
Higher education3 497 785 832 904 959 1,083
Private non-profit .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. not available for a specific reference period
p preliminary
1. Includes the Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
2. Includes provincial research councils and foundations.
3. The "higher education" sector was labelled "university" in previous editions of Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). Higher education covers postsecondary educational institutions and affiliated teaching and research facilities. This change is part of an initiative to facilitate international comparisons.
Notes:
Components may not add to totals due to rounding. Beginning with reference year 2000, the data for the private non-profit sector performing research and development are not distributed by provinces. As of 2007, Quebec and Ontario figures include federal government expenditures on research and development performed in the National Capital Region. Provincial data include provincial research organizations. Canada total does include the private non-profit sector.
To convert these current dollar data to constant dollar amounts for comparison over time, it is recommended that the gross domestic product (GDP) Implicit Price Index be used for national and provincial level conversions. For the index and further details on converting, see Table F.1.2.
Sources: Statistics Canada. 2009. Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada and the Provinces: National Estimates 1998 to 2009 and Provincial Estimates 2003 to 2007. Catalogue no. 88-221-X, Vol. 2, no.1, Table 4.
Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 358-0001 Gross domestic expenditures on research and development, by science type and by funder and performer sector, annual (dollars).
Updated June 15, 2010.
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