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Table E.1.4
Educational status of an 18- to 20-year-old1 cohort over time, by sex, Canada and provinces23

  High-school non-completers4 High-school continuers4 High-school graduates46 Postsecondary non-continuers5 Postsecondary continuers5 Postsecondary graduate non-continuers5 Postsecondary graduate continuers57
percentage
18- to 20-year-old cohort
December 1999, ages 18 to 20
Canada8 9.6 12.6 22.8 4.8 43.0 3.8 3.4
Male 10.3 14.6 24.6 5.2 39.6 3.0 2.7
Female 8.9 10.5 20.9 4.3 46.7 4.6 4.1
Newfoundland and Labrador 6.5E 6.1E 26.4 4.1E 52.7 3.0E x
Male 9.8E 6.2E 26.9 F 48.7 F x
Female F F 25.8 3.7E 57.0 4.2E x
Prince Edward Island F 9.9E 20.6E F 40.4 6.5E ..
Male F F 20.1E F 33.0E F ..
Female F 8.7E 21.3E x 50.3 F ..
Nova Scotia 7.4E 16.3 13.0 6.4E 51.6 4.0E F
Male 9.6E 18.9 15.4 7.1E 42.9 3.8E F
Female 5.2E 13.6E 10.5E F 60.9 4.3E ..
New Brunswick 5.2E 9.4 24.2 3.9E 50.3 6.5E F
Male F 13.6E 30.3 5.5E 38.1 5.0E x
Female x F 18.1 F 62.5 8.0E x
Quebec 11.4 8.5 6.8 7.5 47.1 7.3 11.4
Male 14.5 9.6 7.9 8.0 44.2 6.8 9.0
Female 8.1E 7.2E 5.7 6.9E 50.3 7.8 13.9
Ontario 8.1 16.9 28.6 3.2 40.9 1.9E 0.4E
Male 6.7 19.3 31.2 3.4E 38.3 0.9E x
Female 9.6E 14.3 26.0 2.9E 43.6 2.9E F
Manitoba 12.4 12.0 27.9 5.6E 36.9 3.8E F
Male 11.2E 15.5 30.1 5.3E 33.4 3.5E x
Female 13.7E 8.4E 25.6 6.0E 40.5 4.2E F
Saskatchewan 5.8E 11.0 30.5 7.7E 40.6 3.5E F
Male 5.4E 14.4 31.8 9.2E 35.4 3.1E x
Female 6.2E 7.4E 29.2 6.1E 46.0 4.0E F
Alberta 13.2 12.0 30.0 4.4E 35.2 3.4E 1.8E
Male 14.5E 13.8 30.1 F 34.1 F F
Female 11.8E 10.1E 29.9 5.0E 36.5 4.5E F
British Columbia 9.7 10.3 28.8 3.3E 45.2 2.2E F
Male 10.7E 11.5E 30.9 4.8E 40.1 F x
Female 8.6E 9.0E 26.6 F 50.3 3.1E x
December 2003, ages 22 to 24
Canada8 8.1 1.0 14.5 12.0 19.4 32.5 12.5
Male 9.7 1.2E 16.4 13.0 19.4 29.0 11.2
Female 6.3 0.8E 12.5 10.9 19.4 36.2 13.9
Newfoundland and Labrador 4.7E x 16.3 9.5 18.3 38.8 10.4
Male F x 16.8E 7.2E 21.5 34.7 9.6E
Female F .. 15.7E 11.8E 14.9E 43.1 11.2E
Prince Edward Island F x 18.9E 7.4E 13.3E 32.3 10.3E
Male F .. 18.2E F F 29.3E F
Female x x 19.8E F 16.3E 36.4 15.9E
Nova Scotia 6.1E x 14.2 14.7 13.5 36.2 14.7
Male 8.2E x 16.9E 16.1E 12.8E 31.6 13.7E
Female F x 11.4E 13.2E 14.3E 41.2 15.8E
New Brunswick 6.5E .. 20.8 7.7E 12.6 39.8 12.6
Male 9.2E .. 25.9 9.3E 16.1E 31.0 8.5E
Female x .. 15.4E 6.0E 9.0E 49.0 16.9E
Quebec 10.2 2.4E 9.4 13.3 10.3 33.1 21.3
Male 13.4 2.8E 11.9 14.6 8.7 29.7 18.9
Female 7.0E F 6.7 12.0 11.9 36.6 23.9
Ontario 6.2 F 12.5 12.2 27.7 32.7 8.3
Male 6.5E F 15.3 13.2 27.6 29.6 7.0
Female 5.8E x 9.7 11.1 27.8 35.8 9.6
Manitoba 9.9 F 20.2 11.1 17.4 29.7 10.2
Male 11.3E x 22.0 12.2 18.9 27.1 7.7E
Female 8.3E F 18.3E 10.0E 16.0 32.4 12.9
Saskatchewan 4.7E x 20.6 12.8 20.0 34.3 7.4E
Male 6.6E .. 22.7 14.1E 21.5 28.8 6.3E
Female F x 18.3 11.4E 18.4 40.0 8.6E
Alberta 10.1 x 23.7 10.2 15.9 28.6 11.1
Male 12.6E .. 23.0 11.2E 17.6 24.8 10.9E
Female 7.5E x 24.4 9.2E 14.3 32.4 11.3E
British Columbia 9.2E x 17.0 11.5 19.1 31.1 11.6
Male 10.8E x 17.3 12.2E 19.2 27.7 12.0E
Female 7.6E .. 16.7 10.7E 19.1 34.5 11.3
December 2007, ages 26 to 28
Canada8 6.0 0.4 13.0 11.3 3.8 54.6 10.9
Male 7.5 F 15.3 12.6 4.3 50.2 9.8
Female 4.3 F 10.6 10.1 3.3 59.1 12.1
Newfoundland and Labrador F .. 13.5 8.3E F 63.3 7.9E
Male F .. 13.4E 7.2 F 61.3 8.9E
Female x .. 13.6E 9.5 F 65.5 6.8E
Prince Edward Island F .. 14.5E 6.0 F 52.8 6.3E
Male F .. 15.9E F x 44.7E F
Female x .. 12.6E F F 63.8 8.3E
Nova Scotia 4.9E x 10.6 12.6 3.2E 56.0 12.4
Male 7.0E x 11.9E 13.6E 4.3E 50.0 13.1E
Female x x 9.2E 11.6E x 62.4 11.6E
New Brunswick F x 17.7 8.5E 2.7E 58.9 8.0E
Male F .. 23.2 11.5E F 51.4 6.2E
Female x x 12.0E F F 66.7 10.0E
Quebec 8.3 F 10.7 12.3 2.9E 52.9 12.6
Male 11.3 x 14.0 14.7 2.3E 46.7 10.9
Female 5.3E x 7.3E 9.8 3.6E 59.2 14.4
Ontario 4.1 x 11.5 11.3 3.9 57.7 11.1
Male 4.4E x 14.4 13.0 4.8E 54.2 8.6
Female 3.8E x 8.5 9.5 3.0E 61.4 13.8
Manitoba 7.4E x 16.3 13.0 4.8E 48.8 9.3
Male 7.5E x 18.7 12.8E 7.6E 43.9 8.7E
Female 7.3E x 13.7 13.3E F 53.8 9.9E
Saskatchewan 4.0E x 16.5 11.9 4.3E 54.0 9.2
Male 5.2E x 19.5 14.2 F 47.6 8.8E
Female F .. 13.4 9.5E 4.1E 60.7 9.6E
Alberta 7.8E x 19.6 9.4 4.0E 52.5 6.2
Male 10.5E x 19.2 9.7E F 49.5 6.5E
Female 5.0E x 20.1 9.1E F 55.6 5.9E
British Columbia 6.4E x 13.7 11.7 4.8E 50.0 12.8
Male 8.2E x 14.4E 10.4E 5.3E 46.8 14.4E
Female 4.5E x 12.9E 13.0E F 53.2 11.1E
.. not available for a specific reference period
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
1. The longitudinal cohort used in this table consists of young adults who were 18 to 20 years old in the first cycle of the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS), in 1999, and who remained in the survey in Cycle 5 (in 2007). Data in this table reflect the situation of this group at the end of the following reference periods: December 1999, December 2003, and December 2007.
2. Province in which high school was last attended.
3. Respondents who did not attend elementary or high school in Canada at all or who last attended high school in the United States or another country are not included in this table.
4. No additional postsecondary education.
5. Postsecondary education includes education toward a certificate, diploma, or degree above the high-school level, where the credential takes three months or more to complete. Trade programs offered through apprenticeship, vocational schools, or private trade schools do not always require high-school graduation. Such education is considered postsecondary.
6. May include some graduates who are still taking high-school courses.
7. Graduates with at least one postsecondary diploma, certificate, or degree pursuing further postsecondary education
8. Respondents who report last attending high school in one of the territories are included in the Canada total, but the territories are not shown separately due to small sample size.
Notes:
Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.
The cohort is representative of Canadians who were 18 to 20 years of age as of December 1999 (Cycle 1 of YITS). However, because of changes over time in the population of young adults in Canada, primarily due to immigration and emigration, the cohort does not represent a cross-section of the overall population aged 22 to 24 (in 2003) and 26 to 28 (December 2007).
Education categories are mutually exclusive.
High-school status captures the following three groups: High-school non-completers—respondents who had not completed the high-school graduation requirements, and were not attending high school as of the survey reference date; High-school continuers—respondents who were continuing their studies at the high-school level and who had not yet graduated as of the survey reference date; High-school graduates—respondents who have completed the minimum requirements for a high-school graduation certificate, diploma, or equivalent.
Postsecondary status refers to a respondents overall postsecondary status as of the survey reference date. It comprises the following groups: Postsecondary non-continuers—individuals who had undertaken postsecondary education but were no longer pursuing it and had never graduated from a postsecondary institution; Postsecondary continuers—individuals who were attending a postsecondary institution but had not yet graduated; Postsecondary graduate non-continuers—individuals who had graduated from a postsecondary institution and were not pursuing additional education in a postsecondary institution; Postsecondary graduate continuers—individuals who had already graduated from a postsecondary institution and were pursuing an additional postsecondary program.
The postsecondary-education status of young adults participating in the Youth in Transition Survey was previously reported in Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) (Table E.1.4). This table is not comparable to versions previously released by PCEIP, due to several factors, including definitional and terminological differences and the use at each reference point of only those respondents who were still in the survey in Cycle 5.
Source: Youth in Transition Survey, Cycles 1, 3, and 5, Statistics Canada.
Updated April 29, 2010.