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Table B.2.2
Public expenditure
1 on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions, 1990/1991, 1995/1996, and 2000/2001 to 2004/2005

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  Pre-elementary, elementary-secondary Trade-vocational College University All postsecondary All levels combined
millions of current dollars
Canada2
1990/1991 29,059 3,634 3,207 8,098 14,939 43,998
1995/1996 34,078 5,607 3,711 8,278 17,596 51,674
2000/2001 37,047 5,100 4,231 10,580 19,912 56,959
2001/2002 38,681 5,033 4,387 10,856 20,276 58,957
2002/2003 40,041 4,666 4,453 11,753 20,872 60,913
2003/2004 41,708e 4,660 4,481 12,778 21,920 63,628e
2004/2005 43,420e 4,734 4,591 13,649 22,975 66,395e
Newfoundland and Labrador3
1990/1991 580 173 41 176 390 970
1995/1996 573 475 32 181 689 1,261
2000/2001 553 184 32 198 414 967
2001/2002 584 184 38 213 435 1,019
2002/2003 593 190 35 224 450 1,043
2003/2004 619e 190 39 251 480 1,099e
2004/2005 632e 166 33 259 459 1,091e
Prince Edward Island
1990/1991 112 27 8 34 69 181
1995/1996 119 52 9 35 96 216
2000/2001 147 28 15 40 82 229
2001/2002 154 27 17 41 84 238
2002/2003 152 30 20 64 115 267
2003/2004 162e 29 21 50 100 263e
2004/2005 168e 23 20 61 104 272e
Nova Scotia
1990/1991 845 148 39 308 495 1,339
1995/1996 898 207 43 281 531 1,429
2000/2001 959 125 89 335 548 1,507
2001/2002 968 111 94 326 531 1,499
2002/2003 1,019 82 97 335 514 1,533
2003/2004 1,060e 89 104 352 545 1,604e
2004/2005 1,115e 86 106 367 559 1,673e
New Brunswick
1990/1991 711 126 76 196 398 1,109
1995/1996 813 166 54 220 441 1,254
2000/2001 830 269 60 244 572 1,402
2001/2002 848 262 71 247 580 1,428
2002/2003 877 162 70 266 497 1,374
2003/2004 985e 176 69 280 525 1,510e
2004/2005 1,015e 181 57 285 523 1,537e
Quebec4
1990/1991 6,504 772 1,460 2,231 4,463 10,967
1995/1996 7,470 1,084 1,765 2,432 5,281 12,751
2000/2001 7,902 1,209 1,904 2,780 5,893 13,795
2001/2002 8,641 1,174 1,941 3,047 6,161 14,802
2002/2003 8,520 1,262 1,932 3,403 6,597 15,117
2003/2004 8,656e 1,229 1,948 3,695 6,873 15,529e
2004/2005 8,918e 1,281 1,924 3,612 6,817 15,736e
Ontario5
1990/1991 12 057 879 856 2,714 4,448 16,506
1995/1996 14 067 1 701 926 2,714 5,341 19,408
2000/2001 14,713 1,130 1,072 3,500 5,702 20,416
2001/2002 14,958 1,060 1,096 3,419 5,574 20,533
2002/2003 15,747 865 1,140 3,609 5,614 21,361
2003/2004 16,501e 899 1,149 4,084 6,131 22,633e
2004/2005 17,601e 948 1,265 4,744 6,958 24,559e
Manitoba
1990/1991 1,230 149 57 327 533 1,763
1995/1996 1,427 158 61 321 540 1,968
2000/2001 1,694 213 99 435 747 2,441
2001/2002 1,714 223 102 413 738 2,452
2002/2003 1,837 209 103 446 759 2,596
2003/2004 1,935e 239 122 451 811 2,746e
2004/2005 2,002e 228 103 486 817 2,818e
Saskatchewan
1990/1991 1,064 164 47 361 572 1,636
1995/1996 1,236 197 46 343 586 1,822
2000/2001 1,396 304 64 495 863 2,259
2001/2002 1,455 304 66 484 853 2,308
2002/2003 1,560 298 69 502 870 2,430
2003/2004 1,641e 314 72 525 911 2,552e
2004/2005 1,672e 313 71 568 951 2,623e
Alberta
1990/1991 2,593 465 279 759 1,504 4,097
1995/1996 3,017 569 236 658 1,464 4,480
2000/2001 3,746 651 407 1,006 2,064 5,811
2001/2002 3,977 658 417 1,119 2,194 6,171
2002/2003 4,261 632 441 1,166 2,239 6,500
2003/2004 4,648e 647 469 1,307 2,423 7,071e
2004/2005 4,730e 657 499 1,449 2,604 7,335e
British Columbia
1990/1991 3,105 473 306 832 1,612 4,717
1995/1996 4,154 728 496 957 2,181 6,335
2000/2001 4,806 878 430 1,458 2,766 7,572
2001/2002 5,047 909 486 1,447 2,842 7,889
2002/2003 5,112 809 480 1,644 2,934 8,046
2003/2004 5,106e 724 423 1,686 2,832 7,938e
2004/2005 5,167e 732 445 1,706 2,883 8,050e
Yukon6
1990/1991 56 16 4 2 21 77
1995/1996 69 12 5 4 22 91
2000/2001 79 24 7 5 37 116
2001/2002 86 26 8 4 39 125
2002/2003 89 24 7 4 35 125
2003/2004 93e 25 8 5 37 131e
2004/2005 93e 27 9 4 40 132e
Northwest Territories6, 7
1990/1991 156 20 32 3 55 211
1995/1996 210 33 35 5 73 283
2000/2001 113 36 32 4 72 185
2001/2002 137 40 36 4 80 217
2002/2003 149 43 39 4 87 236
2003/2004 158e 42 37 4 84 241e
2004/2005 161e 40 39 4 83 243e
Nunavut6, 7
1990/1991 ... ... ... ... ... ...
1995/1996 ... ... ... ... ... ...
2000/2001 85 44 19 1 64 149
2001/2002 90 55 15 2 71 161
2002/2003 93 54 19 2 75 168
2003/2004 99e 51 22 2 74 174e
2004/2005 103e 51 20 2 73 176e
... not applicable
e estimate
1. Includes expenditure by federal, provincial/territorial and local levels of government.
2. The data shown at the Canada level include Canada's spending on education in foreign countries (e.g., Department of National Defence schools), and undistributed expenditure.
3. In Newfoundland and Labrador there was a significant but short-term funding increase in the mid-1990s, notably for the Atlantic Groundfish Strategy.
4. Expenditure at the elementary-secondary level in Quebec include trade-vocational expenditure administered through the elementary-secondary system.
5. Estimates are subject to change. In particular, estimates for Ontario for 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 may change. Effective in 2004/2005, Ontario financial figures are higher compared to prior years due to changes in the way the province is reporting its school board finances to Statistics Canada.
6. Although there are no universities in the territories, there are expenditures at the university level including student aid as well as administrative expenditures. These expenditures are also included in the provincial data.
7. Nunavut was created on April 1, 1999. Prior to that date, data for Nunavut were included with data for the Northwest Territories. This creates a break in series for the Northwest Territories in 1999/2000.
Notes: Large year-over-year variations in public and private funding to school boards are caused by accounting adjustments to prior-year surpluses and/or deficits. This means that trends should be observed over a period of years rather than from one year to the next.
To convert this current dollar data to constant dollar amounts for comparison over time, it is recommended that the Gross domestic product (GDP) implicit price index be used for national and provincial-level conversions. For the index and further details on converting see Table F.1.2 (Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. December 2009. Education indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program. Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa.). Previous versions of this table were converted to constant dollars using the Consumer Price Index.
Sources: Adapted from Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 478-0004 (last updated July 29, 2008); 478-0005 (last updated February 2, 2009); 478-0007 (last updated August 15, 2008); and 478-0015 (last updated July 26, 2007); and Survey of Uniform Financial System of School Boards; Survey of Financial Statistics of Private Elementary and Secondary Schools; Survey of Federal Government Expenditures in Support of Education; Survey of Financial Information of Universities and Colleges; Financial Statistics of Community Colleges and Vocational Schools; Provincial Expenditures on Education in Reform and Correctional Institutions; and Provincial Public Accounts.
Updated December 16, 2009.