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Aguilera, Michael B. and Douglas S. Massey. 2003. “Social capital and the wages of Mexican migrants: New hypotheses and tests.” Social Forces. Vol. 82, no. 2. p. 671–701.

Beaman, Lori. 2012. “Social networks and the dynamics of labour market outcomes: Evidence from refugees resettled in the U.S.” Review of Economic Studies. Vol. 79, no. 1. p. 128–161.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1985. “The forms of capital.” Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. J.G. Richardson (ed.). New York: Greenwood.

Bourdieu, Pierre and Loïc J.D. Wacquant. 1992. An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Boxman, Ed A.W., Paul De Graaf and Hendrik D. Flap. 1991. “The impact of social and human capital on the income attainment of Dutch managers.” Social Networks. Vol. 13, no. 1. p. 51–73.

Burt, R.S. 1992. Structural Holes. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Ci, Wen, Feng Hou and René Morissette. 2017. Acquisition of Permanent Residence by Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada: A Panel Study of Labour Market Outcomes Before and After the Status Transition. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11F0019M – no. 396. Ottawa.

Davern, Michael. 1999. “Social networks and prestige attainment: New empirical findings.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology. Vol. 58, no. 4. p. 843–864.

Good Gingrich, Luann and Naomi Lightman. 2015. “The empirical measurement of a theoretical concept: Tracing social exclusion among racial minority and migrant groups in Canada.” Social Inclusion. Vol. 3, no. 4. p. 98–111.

Granovetter, Mark. 1995. Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers. Second Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Granovetter, Mark. 1988. “The sociological and economic approaches to labor market analysis, a social structural view.” Industries, Firms, and Jobs: Sociological and Economic Approaches. G. Farkas and P. England (eds.).New York: Plenum Press.p. 188–217.

Green, Alan G. and David A. Green. 1999. “The economic goals of Canada’s immigration policy: Past and present.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 25, no. 4. p. 425–441. 

Grenier, Gilles and Li Xue. 2011. “Canadian immigrants’ access to a first job in their intended occupation.” Journal of International Migration and Integration. Vol. 12. p. 275–303.

Huber, Gregory A. and Thomas J. Espenshade. 1997. “Neo-isolationism, balanced-budget conservatism, and the fiscal impacts of immigrants.” International Migration Review. Vol. 31, no. 4. p. 1031–1054. 

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. 2019. Permanent Residents—Monthly IRCC Updates. May.

Kazemipur, Abdolmohammad. 2014. The Muslim Question in Canada: A Story of Segmented Integration. Vancouver: UBC Press.

LaRochelle-Côté, Sébastien and Jason Gilmore. 2009. “Canada’s employment downturn.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol. 10, no. 12. p. 5–12. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-001-X.

Li, Peter S. 2003. “Initial earnings and catch-up capacity of immigrants.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 29, no. 3. p. 319–337.

Lin, Nan. 2001. “Building a network theory of social capital.” Social Capital: Theory and Research. N. Lin, K. Cook and R. Burt (eds.) New York: Aldine De Gruyter. p. 3–30.

Livingston, Gretchen. 2006. “Gender, job searching, and employment outcomes among Mexican immigrants.” Population Research and Policy Review. Vol. 25, no. 1. p. 43–66.

Nakhaie, M. Reza and Abdolmohammad Kazemipur. 2013. “Social capital, employment and occupational status of the new immigrants in Canada.” Journal of International Migration and Integration.Vol. 13, no. 3. p. 419–437.

Oreopoulos, Philip and Diane Dechief. 2011. Why Do Some Employers Prefer to Interview Matthew, But Not Samir? New Evidence from Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Working Paper Series. Metropolis British Columbia.

Portes, Alejandro (ed.). 1995. Economic Sociology of Immigration. New York: Russell Sage Foundations.

Potocky-Tripodi, Miriam. 2004. “The role of social capital in immigrant and refugee economic adaptation.” Journal of Social Service Research. Vol. 31, no. 1. p. 59–91.

Prokopenko, Elena. 2018. Refugees and Canadian Post-Secondary Education: Characteristics and Economic Outcomes in Comparison. Thematic Series on Ethnicity, Language and Immigration. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-657-X. Ottawa.

Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Putnam, Robert D. 1995. “Tuning in, tuning out: The strange disappearance of social capital in America.” PS: Political Science & Politics. December. p. 664–683. 

Reitz, Jeffrey G., Rupa Banerjee, Mai Phan and Jordan Thompson. 2009. “Race, religion, and the social integration of new immigrant minorities in Canada.” International Migration Review. Vol. 43, no. 4. p. 695–726.

Sanchez, George J. 1997. “Face the nation: Race, immigration, and the rise of nativism in late twentieth century America.” International Migration Review.Vol. 31, no. 4. p. 1009–1030.

Statistics Canada. 2017. “Immigration and ethnocultural diversity: Key results from the 2016 Census.” The Daily, October 25.

Warman, Casey. 2007. “Ethnic enclaves and immigrant earning growth.” Canadian Journal of Economics. Vol. 40, no. 2. p. 401–422.

Xue, Li. 2008a. Social Capital and Employment Entry of Recent Immigrants to Canada: Evidence from Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC). March. Citizenship and Immigration Canada. 

Xue, Li. 2008b. Social Capital and Wages: Outcome of Recent Immigrants to Canada. May. Citizenship and Immigration Canada. 

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