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Ahn, Namkee and Pedro Mira. 2002. “A note on the changing relationship between fertility and female employment rates in developed countries.” Journal of Population Economics. November. Vol. 15, no. 4. p. 667–682.

Baker, Michael, Johnathan Gruber and Kevin Milligan. 2008. “Universal child care, maternal labor supply, and family well-being.” Journal of Political Economy. August. Vol. 116, no. 4. p. 709–745.

Beaujot, Roderic, and Zenaida R. Ravenera. 2009. “Family models for earning and caring: Implications for child care and family policy.” Canadian Studies in Population. Spring/Summer. Vol.36, no. 1–2. p. 145–166.

Becker, Gary S. 1960. “An economic analysis of fertility.” Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 209–240.

Becker, Gary S. and H. Gregg Lewis. 1973. “On the interaction between quantity and quality of children.” Journal of Political Economy. March–April. Vol. 81, no. 2. p. S279-288.

Brandon, Peter D. 1999. “Income-pooling arrangements, economic constraints, and married mothers' child care choices.” Journal of Family Issues. May. Vol. 20, no. 3. p. 350–370.

Brehm, Uta and Henriette Engelhardt-Wӧlfler. 2015. “On the age-specific correlation between fertility and female employment: Heterogeneity over space and time in OECD countries.” Demographic Research. Vol. 32, no. 23. p. 691–722.

Brewster, Karin L. and Ronald R. Rindfuss. 2000. “Fertility and women’s employment in industrialized nations.” Annual Review of Sociology. August. Vol. 26. p. 271–296.

Cherlin, Andrew J. 2004. “The deinstitutionalization of American marriage.” Journal of Marriage and Family. November. Vol. 66, no. 4. p. 848–861.

Diprete, Thomas A., S. Philip Morgan, Henriette Engelhardt and Hana Pacalova. 2003. “Do cross-national differences in the costs of children generate cross-national differences in fertility rates?” Population Research and Policy Review. December. Vol. 22, no. 5–6. p. 439–477.

Gauthier, Anne H. 2007. “The impact of family policies on fertility in industrialized countries: A review of the literature.” Population Research and Policy Review. June. Vol. 26, no. 3. p. 323–346.

Goldstein, Joshua R., Thomáš Sobotka and Aiva Jasilioniene. 2009. “The end of ‘lowest-low’ fertility?” Population and Development Review. December. Vol. 35, no. 4. p. 663–699.

Hays, Sharon. 1996. The Cultural Contradictions of Motherhood. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 252 p.

Huang, Penelope M., Pamela J. Smock, Wendy D. Manning and Cara A. Bergstrom-Lynch. 2011. “He says, she says: Gender and cohabitation.” Journal of Family Issues. February. Vol. 32, no. 7. p. 876–905.

Kerr, Don, Melissa Moyser and Roderic Beaujot. 2006. “Marriage and cohabitation: Demographic and socioeconomic differences in Quebec and Canada.” Canadian Studies in Population. Spring/Summer. Vol. 33, no. 1. p. 83–117.

Krull, Catherine and Frank Trovato. 2003. “Where have all the children gone? Quebec’s fertility decline: 1941–1991.” Canadian Studies in Population. Vol. 30, no. 1. p. 193–220.

Laplante, Benoît. 2014. “Normative groups: The rise of the formation of first union through cohabitation in Quebec: A comparative approach.” Population Research and Policy Review. April. Vol. 33, no. 2. p. 257–285.

Le Bourdais, Céline and Évelyne Lapierre-Adamcyk. 2004. “Changes in conjugal life in Canada: Is cohabitation progressively replacing marriage?” Journal of Marriage and Family. November. Vol. 66, no. 4. p. 929–942.

Lefebvre, Pierre and Philip Merrigan. 2008. “Child-care policy and the labor supply of mothers with young children: A natural experiment from Canada.” Journal of Labor Economics. July. Vol. 26, no. 3. p. 519–548.

McDonald, Peter. 2000. “Gender equity, social institutions and the future of fertility.” Journal of Population Research. May. Vol. 17, no. 1. p. 1–16.

McDonald, Peter. 2006. “Low fertility and the state: The efficacy of policy.” Population and Development Review. September. Vol. 32, no. 3. p. 485–510.

McMahon, Martha. 1995. Engendering Motherhood: Identity and Self-Transformation in Women’s Lives. New York: The Guilford Press. 324 p.

Mennino, Sue Falter and April Brayfield. 2002. "Job–family trade-offs: The multidimensional effects of gender." Work and Occupations. May. Vol. 29, no. 2. p. 226–256.

Milan, Anne. 2015. “Families and living arrangements." Women in Canada: A Gender-based Statistical Report. Statistics Canada. Catalogue no. 89-503-X. Ottawa.

Milan, Anne. 2013. “Fertility: Overview, 2009 to 2011.” Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 91-209-X. Ottawa.

Pahl, Jan. 2005. “Individualisation in couple finances: Who pays for the children?” Social Policy and Society. October. Vol. 4, no. 4. p. 381–391.

Sánchez-Barricarte, Jesús and Remo Fernández-Carro. 2007. “Patterns in the delay and recovery of fertility in Europe.” European Journal of Population. June. Vol. 23, no. 2. p. 145–170.

Sassler, Sharon. 2004. “The process of entering into cohabiting unions.” Journal of Marriage and Family. May. Vol. 66, no. 2. p. 491–505.

Thévenon, Olivier. 2011. “Family policies in OECD countries: A comparative analysis.” Population and Development Review. March. Vol. 37, no. 1. p. 57–87.

Travail, Emploi et Solidarité sociale Québec. 2018. Québec Parental Insurance Plan. Québec: Travail, Emploi et Solidarité sociale Québec.

Walzer, Susan. 1998. Thinking about the Baby: Gender and Transitions into Parenthood. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. 209 p.

Wright, Laura. 2016. “Type and timing of first union formation in Québec and the rest of Canada: Continuity and change across the 1930–79 birth cohorts.” Canadian Studies in Population. Fall/Winter. Vol. 43, no. 3–4. p. 234–248.

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