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Beaudry, Paul and Thomas Lemieux. 1999. Evolution of the Female Labour Force Participation Rate in Canada, 1976-1994. Project Report. 1999RP-02. Montréal. CIRANO.

Bernard, André and Jeannine Usalcas. 2014. “The labour market in Canada and the United States since the last recession.” Economic Insights. July. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-626-X – No. 036.

Blau, Francine D. and Lawrence M. Kahn. 2013. “Female labor supply: Why is the United States falling behind?" American Economic Review. Vol. 103, no. 3. May. p. 251-256.

Boushey, Heather. 2005. Are Women Opting Out? Debunking the Myth. Briefing Paper. Washington. Center for Economic and Policy Research. 14 p.

Central Intelligence Agency. 2014. The World Factbook 2013-14. Washington. 813 p.

Cross, Philip. 2011. “How did the 2008-2010 recession and recovery compare with previous cycles? Canadian Economic Observer. January. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-010-X.

Elsby, Michael W. L., Bart Hobijn and Aysegul Sahin. 2010. "The labor market in the Great Recession." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. Vol. 41, no. 1. Spring. p. 1-69.

Gilmore, Jason and Sébastien LaRochelle-Côté. 2011. “Inside the labour market downturn.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol. 23, no. 1. Spring. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-001-X.

Goldin, Claudia. 2006. "The quiet revolution that transformed women's employment, education, and family." American Economic Review. Vol. 96, no. 2. May. p. 1-21.

Han, Wen-Jui, Christopher J. Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel and Elizabeth Washbrook. 2008. “The timing of mothers’ employment after childbirth.” Monthly Labor Review. Vol. 131, no. 6. June. P. 15-27.

Marshall, Katherine. 2003. “Parental leave: More time off for baby.” Canadian Social Trends. Winter. No. 71. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-X.

Marshall, Katherine. 1999. “Employment after childbirth.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol. 11, no. 3. Autumn. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-001-X. p. 18-25.

Matthews, T.J. and Brady E. Hamilton. 2009. Delayed Childbearing: More Women Are Having Their First Child Later in Life. NCHS Data Brief No. 21. August. National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Hyattsville, Maryland.

Milligan, Kevin. 2014. “What can we learn from Quebec’s child care experience?” Maclean’s. October 15.

Morissette, René, Garnett Picot and Yuqian Lu. 2012. “Wage growth over the past 30 years: Changing wages by age and education.” Economic Insights. June. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-626-X.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2016. Employment Database. Online OECD Employment Database.

Rones, Philip L., Randy E. Ilg and Jennifer M. Gardner. 1997. “Trends in hours of work since the mid-1970s.” Monthly Labor Review. April. p. 3-14.

Sunter, Deborah. 1998. “Canada–US labour market comparison.” Canadian Economic Observer. Vol. 11, no. 12. December. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-010.

United States Department of Labor. 2014. First-time Mothers at Work. Infographic. Income and Program Participation Survey. Washington. U.S. Census Bureau.

United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2015. Women in the Labor Force: A Databook. BLS Reports. December. Report 1059.

Waldfogel, Jane. 2001. “Family and medical leave: Evidence from the 2000 surveys.” Monthly Labor Review. September. p. 17-23.
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