Profile of caregivers by type of housing of their care receiver
Women are more likely to be caregivers, regardless of the type of housing. However, the proportion of female caregivers did not vary depending on the type of housing of their primary care receiver.
Caregivers of seniors living in a care facility were more likely to have a care receiver aged 85 and over than caregivers of seniors living in a private household. The results show that caregivers of seniors in a care facility are themselves older.
In 2012, approximately 50% of caregivers of seniors living in a care facility or in supportive housing were aged 55 or over. In comparison, this was the case among 30% of caregivers of seniors in a separate private household (Table A.1).
|Care facility (ref.)||Supportive housing||At home, separate households||At home, shared household|
|Sex of caregiver|
|Age of caregiver|
|15 to 24||9Note E: Use with caution||10Note E: Use with caution||13||12|
|25 to 34||10Note E: Use with caution||10Note E: Use with caution||10||12Note E: Use with caution|
|35 to 44||7||5Note E: Use with caution Note *||16Note *||12|
|45 to 54||22||24||31Note *||19|
|55 to 64||32||36||20Note *||16Note *|
|65 to 74||15||11Note *||7Note *||16|
|75 and over||4Note E: Use with caution||4Note E: Use with caution||3||12Note *|
|Employment status of caregiver|
|Working or looking for paid work||59||62||67Note *||46Note *|
|In school||8Note E: Use with caution||6Note E: Use with caution||10||10Note E: Use with caution|
|Other||7||9Note E: Use with caution Note *||9Note *||15|
|Less than a high school diploma||11||8Note E: Use with caution||12||18Note *|
|High school diploma||26||21Note *||27||32|
|Some postsecondary studies, no degree||31||41Note *||34||28|
|University degree||32||31||27Note *||22Note *|
|Yes||11||8Note E: Use with caution||12||26Note *|
|Presence of children|
|Yes, but only aged 15 to 24||14||15||16||8Note E: Use with caution Note *|
|Yes, children aged 14 and under||12||15||25Note *||13|
E use with caution
Since seniors in care facilities were older, caregivers of care receivers living in a care facility were more likely to be retired (27%, compared with 14% of caregivers of a care receiver in a private household). They were also less likely to be taking care of both their children and an aging senior (or to be considered ‘sandwiched’ between caregiving and child rearing). In fact, 12% of caregivers of seniors living in a care facility had a child aged 14 or under, compared with 15% of those taking care of seniors living in supportive housing and 25% of those who helped seniors living in a separate private household.
Immigrants were also more strongly represented among caregivers of seniors living in the same household (26%, compared with 11% of those whose care receiver lived in a care facility). Immigrant seniors are more than twice as likely to live with relatives as non-immigrant seniors.Note 1 They are therefore much more likely to receive help or care from a person who shared the same household (for example, their spouse or partner, children or grandchildren).