Perspectives on Labour and Income

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November 2011

Regional economic shocks and migration

Abstract: Following an economic shock affecting a city or region, many residents—particularly those who have just lost their jobs—will likely look to migrate to another region to improve their economic situation. This study uses data from the 1997 to 2008 Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD) to evaluate the impact of regional economic shocks on the migration of residents. In particular, it examines the extent to which a deterioration in the relative economic position of a region and a decrease in personal income are linked to higher probabilities of migration.

October 2011

Delayed retirement: A new trend?

Abstract: This article examines changes since 1976 in a number of indicators that show the aging of Canadian workers and a growing number of workers delaying retirement. The increase in delayed retirement is consistent with an increase in the employment rate of older workers, however, it is at odds with statistics indicating that the average retirement age has remained surprisingly stable. This article attempts to reconcile the two apparently contradictory trends using a new expected working-life indicator.

Unionization 2011

Abstract: This update provides unionization rates for 2010 and the first half of 2011. It also includes data on earnings, wage settlements, inflation, and strikes and lockouts.

September 2011

The financial well-being of the self-employed

Abstract: About 1 in 6 Canadian workers is self-employed. Does taking on the responsibility of a business result in greater earning potential? More wealth? Affect spending patterns? This paper uses a variety of data sources to examine how the self-employed differ from paid employees in income level and dispersion, wealth, retirement preparation and spending. 

Gambling 2011

Abstract: This product presents the latest facts and figures on gambling in Canada.

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