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Perspectives on Labour and Income

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October 2009 issue

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Changes in parental work time and earnings

Abstract: Between 1980 and 2005, family work time increased for most families with children, especially for families located at the bottom and in the middle of the earnings distribution. However, this increase occurred against a backdrop of a stronger increase in earnings for families at the top of the earnings distribution. This study finds that high earnings families earned more in 2005 than in 1980 for a given amount of family work time, likely because of higher wages.

Work-life balance of older workers

Abstract: Although it has received some attention in the Canadian literature, the issue of work-life balance of older workers remains largely understudied. This article addresses that gap using data from the 2005 General Social Survey. Overall, 14% of Canadian workers age 55 and over reported being dissatisfied with their work-life balance in 2005. The sources of conflict most frequently cited were too much time on the job and too little time for the family. Work-life balance dissatisfaction was associated with having a disability, providing elder care, working long hours, occupying a managerial position and being a woman. At the same time, having an employed partner, being self-employed and enjoying one's job reduced the probability of work-life conflict. When the self-selection of older individuals out of employment was taken into account, the risk of work-life conflict did not vary with age.

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