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Perspectives on Labour and Income

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August 2009 issue

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Pathways into the Guaranteed Income Supplement

Abstract: The probability of receiving Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) benefits is strongly correlated with people's income levels at younger ages, particularly to their earnings in their 40s. Negative labour market and health occurrences, including Employment Insurance (EI) receipt and disability claims, having a low income and the receipt of social assistance benefits increased the probability of GIS receipt, while having an employer pension plan or Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs) decreased the probability.

Family work patterns

Abstract: Women's labour market participation has increased substantially over recent decades, creating challenges for families in balancing work-life responsibilities. The examination of family work patterns revealed significant differences in annual hours of work between families with and those without children.

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