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Perspectives on Labour and Income

May 2008 issue

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Life after teenage motherhood

Abstract: The general view is that teenage childbearing will have long-term negative effects on the well-being of the mother—she may have more difficulty completing high school, which means she may be less likely to pursue postsecondary education and acquire skills for better jobs. Since low-skilled jobs tend to pay less, teenage mothers would have a higher likelihood of living in low income. This study looks at women aged 30 to 39 to determine whether teenage childbearing is related to lower long-term socioeconomic characteristics, with the focus on educational attainment, labour force participation, and living in low income.

Low-income children

Abstract: There was almost no change in the proportion of children under age 18 living in a low-income family from 1989 to 2004, despite government interventions and a strong economy since the 1990/1992 recession. In addition, the disparity between well-off and low-income children increased, the economic situation of families of well-off children having improved. Family situation and parents' insufficient employment had the greatest influence on children's vulnerability to low income. It is a changing phenomenon, as few children remain in low income for several consecutive years.

Provincial labour force differences by level of education

Abstract: Given their varying natural resources, Canada's provinces and territories have developed their own industrial infrastructures and labour markets. Nevertheless, education is always a major factor in the ability to find a job.

Work absences

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Abstract: Since 2000, both the incidence and the number of days lost for personal reasons (illness or disability, and personal or family responsibilities) have shown a rising trend. An aging workforce and the growing proportion of women working are among the contributing factors.

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