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October 2006
Vol. 7, no. 10

Perspectives on Labour and Income

Earnings instability
René Morissette and Yuri Ostrovsky

Using tax data, this paper examines earnings instability among lone parents, unattached individuals, and two-parent families over the past two decades. When income tax effects and main sources of income were considered, no strong evidence of a widespread increase in instability was found. Government transfers play a particularly important role in reducing the earnings instability of lone mothers and unattached individuals.

Training through the ages
Cathy Underhill

Rapid technological change and an increased emphasis on skill-based knowledge have led to an increased need for training entry-level workers and retraining older ones. How do the training rates of workers aged 25 to 34 compare with those aged 55 to 64? Personal and job-related characteristics are examined for training participants, as are employer support, self-directed learning, barriers faced, and objectives and outcomes of training.

Erratum: Minimum wage, September 2006
Text for "Share of employees working for minimum wage or less, by province" was incorrect and has been modified in the document dated October 2006.

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