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Although union membership has increased over the past several decades, it has not kept pace with employment. As a result, the proportion of employees belonging to a union has changed little. At the same time, the union movement has undergone several notable transformations. The proportion of women has risen steadily. The membership balance has shifted from goods-producing to service industries. Public-sector unions have surpassed private-sector ones. And inroads have been made among part-time workers and in smaller workplaces.
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