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August 2004
Vol. 5, no. 8

Perspectives on Labour and Income

The union movement in transition
Ernest B. Akyeampong

Although union membership has increased over the past several decades, it has not kept pace with employment. As a result, the proportion of employees belonging to a union has changed little. At the same time, the union movement has undergone several notable transformations. The proportion of women has risen steadily. The membership balance has shifted from goods-producing to service industries. Public-sector unions have surpassed private-sector ones. And inroads have been made among part-time workers and in smaller workplaces.


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