Table 3 Population age 55 to 84 by selected health indicators and retirement status, 2009

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  Never retired Partially retired Fully retired Returned to work
Health status %
3 or more chronic conditions 26.4 34.4** 52.5* 29.2***
5 or more chronic conditions 6.3 8.1 21.4* 9.5E
Negative self-perceived health 11.6 10.5 23.6* 4.7E*
Negative self-perceived mental health 3.8 3.4 6.0* F
Life dissatisfaction 8.4 6.9 10.8* 5.6E
High self-perceived life stress 25.2 11.9* 10.9* 23.7E
High self-perceived work stress 31.4 12.8* .. 23.0*
Functional problem
Memory and cognition 20.0 20.8 28.4* 19.1
Hearing 1.7 3.2E* 6.0* F
Walking 1.6 2.4E 12.0* F
Vision 79.2 79.3 82.3* 81.1
Pain 22.5 22.3 29.9* 20.2
Health behaviour
Daily smoking 16.7 11.0* 11.2** 11.2E*
Heavy drinking 5.8 5.2 2.7** 3.0E**
Physical inactivity 14.9 16.0 36.7* 10.5E**
Obesity 22.1 21.4 20.6 26.6E
High nutritional risk 35.9 33.2 35.2 29.9
Community support and participation
Community belonging 33.9 29.1** 31.2* 36.1***
Participation in volunteer/charity activity (weekly or more) 68.9 78.2* 76.6* 78.9**
Social support mean score
Emotional support (out of maximum 32) 27.2 27.2 26.8* 28.1
Tangible support (16) 13.5 13.6 13.4 13.7
Affection (12) 10.7 10.8 10.5* 10.8
Positive social interaction (16) 13.9 13.9 13.6* 14.1
* significantly different from the never-retired before and after age–sex adjustment (p<0.05)
** significantly different from the never-retired before but not after age–sex adjustment (p<0.05)
*** significantly different from the never-retired (p<0.05) only after age–sex adjustment
Source: Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) – Healthy Aging.