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Table 4 Odds ratios associated with employer-supported training among all workers by sex

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  Women Men
Odds ratio
Independent variables
Low-wage (ref. higher-wage) 0.64* 0.65*
Education (ref. some postsecondary)
Less than high school 0.42* 0.73*
Completed high school 0.79 0.90
University degree 1.08 1.22
Non-union (ref. unionized) 1.15 1.17
Control variables
Non-permanent (ref. permanent) 0.57* 0.79
Part-time 0.99 0.71*
Occupation (ref. professional)
Manager 0.59* 1.42
White collar 0.38* 0.91
Blue collar 0.56* 1.06
Other marital status (ref. married) 0.90 0.71*
Dependent children 1.04 0.95
Workplace tenure 0.97 0.97
Workplace tenure squared 1.00 1.00
Worker age 0.92* 0.94*
Worker age squared 1.00* 1.00
Workplace size 1.53* 1.56*
Industry (ref. manufacturing and related)
Primary 1.65 1.34*
Retail trade 0.99 1.06
Finance and insurance 3.42* 2.92*
Education and health 1.82* 1.07
Other services 1.21 1.11
Profitable workplace 0.92 0.80*
* statistically significant for the reference group (ref.) at the 0.10 level or better.
Source: Statistics Canada, Workplace and Employee Survey, 2005.