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Side menu bar Catalogue Number 75-001-XIE Table of contents Latest issue News from The Daily Latest data Survey information Back issues Feedback Studies Latest issue in PDF

August 2004
Vol. 5, no. 8

Perspectives on Labour and Income

News from The Daily

Payroll employment, earnings and hours
The average weekly earnings of payroll employees for June were 2.3% higher than in June 2003. Accommodation and food services and other services led all industries with the strongest growth in the past 12 months.

Employment Insurance
The estimated number of Canadians receiving regular Employment Insurance benefits in June 2004 was 541,840, down 0.7% from May. All provinces and territories recorded declines in except Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Immigrants in Canada's urban centres
Immigrants have higher levels of educational attainment than people born in Canada. Yet, in virtually every urban region, a far higher proportion of recent immigrants were employed in jobs with lower skill requirements than the Canadian-born.

Monthly Survey of Manufacturing
Following an extended period of little change in manufacturing employment that began during the fall of 2003, manufacturers boosted their employment levels by 21,000 jobs in July, the first significant rise in more than a year.

Labour Force Survey
Employment was little changed in July, following three consecutive monthly gains. The unemployment rate edged down 0.1 percentage points in July to 7.2% as fewer people entered the labour market in search of work.

Employer pension plans
In 2002, trusteed pension funds reported their lowest return on investment ever as stock prices took a sharp downturn in both 2001 and 2002.

Business Conditions Survey: Manufacturing industries
Manufacturers' outlook for the third quarter of 2004 was more upbeat than in April. Both production and employment prospects for the coming quarter were higher and satisfaction with the current levels of unfilled orders and orders received was positive.

Technology use and plant performance in the manufacturing sector
Manufacturing companies that increased their use of advanced technology during the mid-1990s experienced greater growth in labour productivity during the same period.

Self-employment in rural Canada
Nearly 4 out of every 10 of Canada's self-employed workers live in rural areas. In areas where farming is most prevalent, 28% of workers were self-employed or had self-employment income from a secondary job. This is twice the proportion of only 13% among their urban counterparts.

Competition and productivity growth
During the past three decades, the competitive process that shifts market share from one producer to another accounted for more than half of overall growth in labour productivity in the manufacturing sector.

Economic consequences of widowhood
Median family income declined continuously among senior women who became widowed, especially compared with women who remained married.

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