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Side menu bar Catalogue Number 75-001-XIE Table of contents Latest issue News from The Daily Latest data Survey information Back issues Feedback Studies Latest issue in PDF

June 2005
Vol. 6, no. 6

Perspectives on Labour and Income

News from The Daily

Does inflation vary with income?
Between January 1992 and February 2004, consumer prices rose 24.7% for the 20% of households with the lowest incomes, or an annual average rate of 1.86%. On the other hand, they increased 24.4% for the 20% with the highest incomes, or 1.83% a year on average.

Labour Force Survey
Employment rose for the second consecutive month, increasing by an estimated 35,000 in May. This leaves employment up 90,000 (+0.6%) so far this year, similar to the increase over the first five months of 2004. The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 6.8%, as more people entered the labour force.

Labour productivity
Labour productivity in the Canadian business sector edged up 0.2% during the first quarter of 2005 compared with the previous quarter, continuing its anaemic performance of the past two years.

Impact of foreign ownership on head office employment in manufacturing
Foreign firms were three times more likely to operate a head office in Canada during the 1990s than domestic firms. They also had about 25% more head office workers than domestic firms.

Work and commuting in urban centres
Commuting patterns in Canada's largest urban centres have become more complex as a result of stronger employment growth in the suburbs than in city core areas. Also, in most instances, cross-town commuters have been driving to work rather than taking public transit, a tendency that increased the farther jobs were located from the city centre.

Employer pension plans: Trusteed pension funds
The value of the retirement savings of millions of Canadian workers with trusteed pension plans increased from $253 billion to $557 billion between 1992 and 2002, an increase of 120%. This was a better performance than the rise in value of Canadian stocks over the same period (97% as measured by the TSX).

Net farm income
After two years of decreases following back-to-back droughts and the closure of the US border to live cattle exports, net cash income rebounded to $6.3 billion in 2004.

Labour Force Survey: Western Canada's off-reserve Aboriginal population
Labour market conditions have improved for off-reserve Aboriginal people in western Canada. However, gaps still persist between the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal population. During the 12 months ending in March 2005, unemployment rates for Aboriginal people residing in the West were 2.5 times higher than for non-Aboriginal people, on average.

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