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Table 6 Determinants of income
Men

Women


Dropouts


Graduates1


Dropouts


Graduates1


Functional literacy scores 0.002 *** 0.002 *** 0.001 *** 0.001 ** -0.001 0.000 0.002 *** 0.002 ***
Age 0.037 * 0.058 *** 0.143 *** 0.144 *** 0.057 * 0.039 0.121 *** 0.123 ***
Years of education 0.075 *** 0.058 *** 0.024 * 0.012 0.129 *** 0.098 *** 0.106 *** 0.103 ***
With a disability -0.094 -0.053 -0.097 * -0.060 0.130 -0.126 -0.033 -0.021
Aboriginal persons -0.103 0.037 0.098 0.198 * -0.073 -0.129 0.199 * 0.217 *
Province of residence
Atlantic -0.050 -0.032 -0.200 *** -0.175 *** -0.139 -0.178 -0.174 ** -0.168 **
Quebec 0.079 0.021 0.002 -0.011 0.141 0.042 -0.131 -0.135
Prairies -0.076 -0.101 -0.152 *** -0.155 *** 0.064 0.064 -0.158 *** 0.158 ***
British Columbia 0.069 0.054 -0.127 *** -0.142 *** 0.062 0.074 -0.142 ** -0.148 **
City size
100,000 or more 0.083 * 0.071 0.130 *** 0.123 *** 0.248 *** 0.284 *** 0.192 *** 0.189 ***
30,000 to 99,999 0.112 0.082 0.044 0.047 0.023 0.065 -0.016 -0.017
First language as an adult: English 0.077 0.050 0.117 * 0.094 0.067 0.055 0.040 0.027
Married 0.048 0.074 0.333 *** 0.331 *** -0.338 *** -0.285 *** 0.007 0.008
With at least one child 0.156 *** 0.134 *** -0.073 ** -0.070 ** -0.158 * -0.184 ** -0.256 *** -0.256 ***
λ1 (see note) -0.111 0.011 -0.226 0.002
λ2 (see note) 0.300 *** -0.215 *** -0.368 *** -0.067
Constant 7.571 *** 6.928 *** 6.447 *** 6.681 *** 7.456 *** 8.161 *** 5.276 *** 5.347 ***
F 13.7 14.9 44.1 45.1 4.7 5.3 20.3 20.4

* Significant at the 10% level.
** Significant at the 5% level.
*** Significant at the 1% level.
1 Includes those with postsecondary education.
Note: Two different sets of variables were used for selecting persons who were employed at any time in the past 12 months. The first set consists of the explanatory variables listed in Table 4, as well as the years of education of both parents and whether they are immigrants (λ1). The second set of explanatory variables is listed in Table 3 (λ2).
Source: Survey of Literacy Skills Used in Daily Activities, 1989