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Side menu bar Catalogue Number 75-001-XIE Table of contents Latest issue News from The Daily Latest data Survey information Back issues Feedback Studies Latest issue in PDF

January 2004
Vol. 5, no. 1

Perspectives on Labour and Income

News from The Daily

Consumer Price Index
Consumers paid 2.0% more in December for the goods and services included in the Consumer Price Index basket than they did in December 2002.

How long do people live in low-income neighbourhoods?
A look at how long people live in low-income neighbourhoods in Canada's three largest cities, Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver. Low-income neighbourhoods are defined as those in which at least 40% of residents are below the low-income threshold.

Monthly Survey of Manufacturing
On a monthly basis, manufacturing employment edged down 0.2% in December 2003, following November's 1.0% boost. At year's end, there were just under 2.3 million people employed in Canadian factories.

Technological change in the private sector
Four out of 10 Canadian companies introduced technological changes between 2000 and 2002, suggesting that the lure of change is strong and not dependent upon external influences, such as preparations for the year 2000.

Employment Insurance Coverage Survey
About 680,000 people, or 55.4% of unemployed individuals, were potentially eligible to receive employment insurance benefits in 2002, up from 53.2% in 2001.

The culture sector labour force
Job growth in the culture sector outpaced that of the overall labour market from 1991 to 2002. However, the boom may have ended in the new millennium for Canada's culture workers.

Labour Force Survey
In December 2003, employment increased by an estimated 53,000, mostly in full-time. Job gains in the final four months totalled 219,000 (1.4%), four times the increase observed during the first eight months of the year.

Payroll employment, earnings and hours
The average weekly earnings of payroll employees increased slightly in October 2003 ($2.03) to stand at $694.14. The new level is 1.2% higher than October a year earlier.

Trends in family income
Based on after-tax family income, most family types recorded increases in average family income in the 20-year period from 1981 to 2001, even after taking the impact of inflation into account.

Services indicators
Economic output for services industries advanced 0.4% in the third quarter of 2003, rising to a level 2.3% higher than in the third quarter of 2002. Growth, however, was slower than the 0.7% gain in the first quarter of 2003 and the 0.5% increase in the second.

Employment Insurance
The estimated number of Canadians receiving regular Employment Insurance benefits in October 2003 was 579,900, virtually unchanged from September.

Consumer Price Index
Prices for the goods and services included in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) basket were on average 1.6% higher in November 2003 than a year earlier. Energy prices continued to temper the 12-month rise in the CPI.

Productivity performance by industry
Farmers, loggers, wholesalers, retailers and professional services outpaced other major sectors of the economy with respect to gains in labour productivity during the past six years.

Survey of Household Spending
The one-fifth of Canadian households with the lowest incomes spent over 51% of their budget on food, shelter and clothing in 2002. Personal income taxes claimed 4% of their budget.

Software development and computer services
Firms managed to reduce their combined operating loss from 9.0% in 2001 to just 0.9% in 2002. This improvement was partly attributable to a sharp drop in salary expenses, down 15.9% from 2001.

Monthly Survey of Manufacturing
In November 2003, Canadian manufacturers posted the largest employment gain in 12 months. Nevertheless, factory employment remained 3.3% below the level of November 2002.

Employer pension plans (trusteed pension funds)
Trusteed pension funds reported in the second quarter of 2003 their first positive cash flow in more than a year.

Labour productivity
Labour productivity in Canada's business sector increased 0.7% in the third quarter of 2003 compared with the second, the strongest quarterly gain in more than a year.

Employment in agriculture and agri-food
The proportion of Canada's workers who are employed in the agriculture and agri-food sector held steady between 1981 and 1996 despite a big decline in the number of census farms.

Industrial capacity utilization rates
Industrial capacity use edged down in the third quarter of 2003, as the value of the Canadian dollar rose against its US counterpart and Ontario's industrial heartland was hit by the mid-August power blackout.

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