Canadian Apprenticeship Longitudinal Indicators

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Additional information

The Registered Apprenticeship Information System (RAIS) is the foremost source of information on apprentices in Canada. The following visualization tools include data from the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP).

Pathways indicators and median employment income indicators are available for selected trades, including 25 Red Seal trades and five non-Red Seal trades, which account for the majority of apprentices in Canada. Indicators are also available at the aggregated levels.

Net mobility indicators were derived for selected trades, including 15 Red Seal trades, which account for the highest number of certifications for apprentices and trade qualifiers. Indicators are also available at the aggregated levels.

Interprovincial mobility indicators are available for five aggregated trade groups; all trades, all Red Seal trades, selected Red Seal trades, other Red Seal trades and non-Red Seal trades.

Definitions
Registered apprentices
Registered apprentices are individuals in a supervised work training program in a designated trade within their provincial or territorial jurisdiction. The apprentice must be registered with the appropriate governing body (usually a ministry of education or labour, or a trade-specific industry governing body) to complete the training.
Trade qualifiers
Trade qualifiers are individuals who meet the on-the-job experience required to qualify for certification within a jurisdiction, without necessarily having completed an apprenticeship program.
Journeypersons
Journeypersons are individuals who completed an apprenticeship program or trade qualifiers who have received a certificate of qualification.
Designated trades
Trades for which apprenticeship training and trade qualifications are available in Canada. These trades are governed by provincial and territorial jurisdictions, who determine the trades for which apprenticeship training is made available and certificates are granted. The jurisdictions also determine which designated trades require certification in order to work unsupervised in the trade.
Red Seal program
This program sets common standards to assess the skills of tradespeople across Canada. Apprentices and trade qualifiers who meet the Red Seal standards, through examination, receive a Red Seal endorsement on their provincial/territorial trade certificates. There are 54 trades at the national level for which common Red Seal standards are currently available.
Certification
The requirements for granting a certificate varies by jurisdiction in Canada. In most instances, apprentices are issued a certificate when they completed such requirements as supervised on-the-job training, technical training as well as passing one or more examinations. Most trade qualifiers, meanwhile, become certified once they pass an examination.
Cohort size
For the pathways table, the cohort size is the number of apprentices registered during the given calendar year. For the employment income and mobility tables, the cohort size is the number of journeypersons who certified during the given calendar year.
Program duration
For reference purpose, the most commonly reported value of the program duration in the jurisdiction is presented. However, each individual apprentices' program outcomes are evaluated on their own program duration, which can be differ from the most common value.
Certification rate
The certification rate is the percentage of newly registered apprentices (pathways cohort) that received a certificate.
Continuation rate
The continuation rate is the percentage of newly registered apprentices (pathways cohort) that are still registered.
Discontinuation rate
The discontinuation rate is the percentage of newly registered apprentices (pathways cohort) that discontinued their apprenticeship program.
Employment income
Employment income includes employment earnings (wages and salaries, commissions from employment, training allowances, tips and gratuities, and tax-exempted Indian employment income) and net self-employment income (net income from business, profession, farming, fishing and commissions). Net self-employment income may be positive, negative or zero.
  • Cross-sectional analysis: Median employment incomes (cross-sectional) are calculated at two and five years after certification. Individuals who file taxes two or five years after certification contribute to the median employment income of the corresponding year.
  • Longitudinal analysis: Median employment incomes (longitudinal) are calculated at four years before certification, two years before certification, the year of certification, two years after certification and four years after certification for individuals who certified in selected trades. Individuals who filed taxes in the tax years corresponding to all five points in time contribute to these estimates. If one of the five points is missing, the individual is excluded. In the case where data are not yet available, the cohorts concerned are included as preliminary data.
Discontinuation rate
The discontinuation rate is the percentage of newly registered apprentices (pathways cohort) that discontinued their apprenticeship program.
Interprovincial mobility
Interprovincial mobility is calculated by comparing the jurisdiction of certification in a trade, obtained from the Registered Apprenticeship Information System (RAIS), the province or territory of residence, recorded in the T1 Family File, and the province of employment, obtained from T4 slips, one or three years after certification.
  • Newly certified journeypersons who live and work in the same province or territory of certification are said to have shown no interprovincial mobility.
  • Newly certified journeypersons who live in a different province or territory from which they certified are referred to as the "migrant population of journeypersons".
  • Newly certified journeypersons who work in a province or territory different from their province or territory of residence and certification are referred to as the "shadow population of journeypersons".
Province or grouped territories, origin
Jurisdiction where journeypersons certified in the given calendar year.
Province or grouped territories, destination
Jurisdiction where journeypersons reside or work, one or three years after certification.

For a complete description of the methods used to produce these estimates, please see Technical Reference Guides for the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP).

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