and Lahouaria Yssaad. 2010. "Recognition of newcomers' foreign credentials
and work experience." Perspectives on Labour and Income
. Vol. 11,
no. 9. September. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-001-X
Immigrant youth are much more likely
to be attending school than Canadian-born youth, which may account for part
of the gap in their participation and employment rates.
Given their distinct labour market profile,
immigrants born in the Philippines are also examined separately from their
counterparts born in the rest of Asia.
A previous low
was in 2009, when the rate was 54.8%.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada. 2012. Facts and
Figures 2011: Immigration Overview. Ottawa. p. 22.
Very recent immigrants who came from Africa and
landed in Canada as refugees between 2007 and 2011 made
up 22% of all permanent residents born in this continent. (Source: special
tabulations provided by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.)
Chui, Tina and Kelly Tran. 2005. Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants toCanada:
Progress and Challenges of New Immigrants in the Workforce. Statistics Canada
Catalogue no. 89-615-X
. Ottawa (accessed November 16, 2012).