Guide to the Labour Force Survey
Appendix A: Sub-provincial geography descriptions

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Labour market information from the LFS is available for a variety of geographic levels. While designed to provide highly reliable data at the national and provincial levels, key labour market estimates are also available for census metropolitan areas, economic regions and employment insurance economic regions.

Census metropolitan area (CMA)

A CMA is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000, of which 50,000 or more must live in the core.

The CMAs are based on the 2011 Standard Geographical Classification (SGC). Below is a list of the 33 CMAs and their associated census subdivisions. Please note that Indian reserves, although geographically part of certain CMAs, are excluded from the LFS.

Labour Force Survey estimates are based on a sample and are therefore subject to sampling variability. As a result, estimates will show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. Estimates for smaller geographic areas also have more variability. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, see Section 7 of this publication.

See the geographical maps for the CMAs on the LFS survey page for more information.

St. John’s: Bauline, Bay Bulls, Conception Bay South, Flatrock, Logy Bay-Middle Cove-Outer Cove, Mount Pearl, Paradise, Petty Harbour-Maddox Cove, Portugal Cove-St. Philip’s, Pouch Cove, St. John’s, Torbay, Witless Bay.

Halifax: Halifax.

Moncton: Coverdale, Dieppe, Dorchester (parish), Dorchester (village), Elgin, Hillsborough (parish), Hillsborough (village), Memramcook, Moncton (city), Moncton (parish), Riverview, Saint-Paul, Salisbury.

Saint John: Grand Bay-Westfield, Greenwich, Hampton (parish), Hampton (town), Kingston, Lepreau, Musquash, Petersville, Quispamsis, Rothesay (parish), Rothesay (town), Saint John, Saint Martins, Simonds, St. Martins, Upham, Westfield.

Saguenay: Larouche, Saguenay, Saint-Charles-de-Bourget, Saint-David-de-Falardeau, Saint-Félix-d’Otis, Saint-Fulgence, Saint-Honoré, Sainte-Rose-du-Nord.

Québec: Beaumont, Boischatel, Château-Richer, Fossambault-sur-le-Lac, Lac-Beauport, Lac-Delage, Lac-Saint-Joseph, L’Ancienne-Lorette, L’Ange-Gardien, Lévis, Neuville, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, Québec, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval, Sainte-Catherine-de-la-Jacques-Cartier, Sainte-Famille, Sainte-Pétronille, Saint-François-de-l’Île-d’Orléans, Saint-Gabriel-de-Valcartier, Saint-Henri, Saint-Jean-de-l’Île-d’Orléans, Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon, Saint-Laurent-de-l’Île-d’Orléans, Saint-Pierre-de-l’Île-d’Orléans, Shannon, Stoneham-et-Tewkesbury.

Sherbrooke: Ascot Corner, Compton, Hatley, Magog, North Hatley, Orford, Saint-Denis-de-Brompton, Sherbrooke, Stoke, Val-Joli, Waterville.

Trois-Rivières: Bécancour, Champlain, Saint-Luc-de-Vincennes, Saint-Maurice, Trois-Rivières, Yamachiche.

Montréal: Baie-D’Urfé, Beaconsfield, Beauharnois, Beloeil, Blainville, Boisbriand, Bois-des-Filion, Boucherville, Brossard, Candiac, Carignan, Chambly, Charlemagne, Châteauguay, Coteau-du-Lac, Côte-Saint-Luc, Delson, Deux-Montagnes, Dollard-Des Ormeaux, Dorval, Gore, Hampstead, Hudson, Kirkland, La Prairie, L’Assomption, Laval, Lavaltrie, L’Épiphanie (parish), L’Épiphanie (town), Léry, Les Cèdres, Les Coteaux, L’Île-Cadieux, L’Île-Dorval, L’Île-Perrot, Longueuil, Lorraine, Mascouche, McMasterville, Mercier, Mirabel, Montréal, Montréal-Est, Montréal-Ouest, Mont-Royal, Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Notre-Dame-de-l’Île-Perrot, Oka, Otterburn Park, Pincourt, Pointe-Calumet, Pointe-Claire, Pointe-des-Cascades, Repentigny, Richelieu, Rosemère, Saint-Amable, Saint-Basile-le-Grand, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Saint-Colomban, Saint-Constant, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Sainte-Catherine, Sainte-Julie, Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, Sainte-Thérèse, Saint-Eustache, Saint-Isidore, Saint-Jérôme, Saint-Joseph-du-Lac, Saint-Lambert, Saint-Lazare, Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu, Saint-Mathieu, Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil, Saint-Philippe, Saint-Placide, Saint-Sulpice, Saint-Zotique, Senneville, Terrasse-Vaudreuil, Terrebonne, Varennes, Vaudreuil-Dorion, Vaudreuil-sur-le-Lac, Verchères, Westmount.

Ottawa–Gatineau: Bowman, Cantley, Chelsea, Clarence-Rockland, Denholm, Gatineau, La Pêche, L’Ange-Gardien, Mayo, Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette, Ottawa, Pontiac, Russell, Val-des-Bois, Val-des-Monts.

Ottawa–Gatineau (Quebec part): Bowman, Cantley, Chelsea, Denholm, Gatineau, La Pêche, L’Ange-Gardien, Mayo, Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette, Pontiac, Val-des-Bois, Val-des-Monts.

Ottawa–Gatineau (Ontario part): Clarence-Rockland, Ottawa, Russell.

Kingston: Frontenac Islands, Kingston, Loyalist, South Frontenac.

Peterborough: Cavan-Monaghan, Douro-Dummer, Otonabee-South Monaghan, Peterborough, Smith-Ennismore-Lakefield.

Oshawa: Clarington, Oshawa, Whitby.

Toronto: Ajax, Aurora, Bradford West Gwillimbury, Brampton, Caledon, East Gwillimbury, Georgina, Halton Hills, King, Markham, Milton, Mississauga, Mono, New Tecumseth, Newmarket, Oakville, Orangeville, Pickering, Richmond Hill, Toronto, Uxbridge, Vaughan, Whitchurch-Stouffville.

Hamilton: Burlington, Grimsby, Hamilton.

St. Catharines–Niagara: Fort Erie, Lincoln, Niagara Falls, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Pelham, Port Colborne, St. Catharines, Thorold, Wainfleet, Welland.

Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo: Cambridge, Kitchener, North Dumfries, Waterloo, Woolwich.

Brantford: Brant, Brantford.

Guelph: Guelph, Guelph/Eramosa, Puslinch.

London: Adelaide-Metcalfe, Central Elgin, London, Middlesex Centre, Southwold, St. Thomas, Strathroy-Caradoc, Thames Centre.

Windsor: Amherstburg, Lakeshore, LaSalle, Tecumseh, Windsor.

Barrie: Barrie, Innisfil, Springwater.

Greater Sudbury: Greater Sudbury.

Thunder Bay: Conmee, Gillies, Neebing, O’Connor, Oliver Paipoonge, Shuniah, Thunder Bay.

Winnipeg: East St. Paul, Headingley, Macdonald, Ritchot, Rosser, Springfield, St. Clements, St. François Xavier, Taché, West St. Paul, Winnipeg.

Regina: Balgonie, Belle Plaine, Buena Vista, Disley, Edenwold, Edenwold No. 158, Grand Coulee, Lumsden, Lumsden Beach, Lumsden No. 189, Pense, Pense No. 160, Pilot Butte, Regina, Regina Beach, Sherwood No. 159, White City.

Saskatoon: Allan, Asquith, Blucher No. 343, Bradwell, Clavet, Colonsay, Colonsay No. 342, Corman Park No. 344, Dalmeny, Delisle, Dundurn, Dundurn No. 314, Elstow, Langham, Martensville, Meacham, Osler, Saskatoon, Shields, Thode, Vanscoy, Vanscoy No. 345, Warman.

Calgary: Airdrie, Beiseker, Calgary, Chestermere, Cochrane, Crossfield, Irricana, Rocky View County.

Edmonton: Beaumont, Betula Beach, Bon Accord, Bruderheim, Calmar, Devon, Edmonton, Fort Saskatchewan, Gibbons, Golden Days, Itaska Beach, Kapasiwin, Lakeview, Leduc, Leduc County, Legal, Morinville, Parkland County, Point Alison, Redwater, Seba Beach, Spring Lake, Spruce Grove, St. Albert, Stony Plain, Strathcona County, Sturgeon County, Sundance Beach, Thorsby, Wabamun, Warburg.

Kelowna: Central Okanagan, Central Okanagan J, Kelowna, Lake Country, Peachland, West Kelowna.

Abbotsford–Mission: Abbotsford, Mission.

Vancouver: Anmore, Belcarra, Bowen Island, Burnaby, Coquitlam, Delta, Greater Vancouver A, Langley (city), Langley (district municipality), Lions Bay, Maple Ridge, New Westminster, North Vancouver (city), North Vancouver (district municipality), Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver, West Vancouver, White Rock.

Victoria: Capital H (Part 1), Central Saanich, Colwood, Esquimalt, Highlands, Langford, Metchosin, North Saanich, Oak Bay, Saanich, Sidney, Sooke, Victoria, View Royal.

Economic region (ER)

An economic region is a grouping of complete census divisions (with one exception in Ontario) created as a standard geographic unit for analysis of regional economic activity. In the case of Prince Edward Island, the province constitutes one economic region.

The composition of economic regions is determined through a consultative process with the provinces, except for Quebec, where economic regions (régions administratives) are designated by law.

The current boundaries are based on the 2011 Standard Geographical Classification (SGC). Excluding the territories, the LFS publishes estimates for 66 ERs, seven of which are combined for data quality purposes.

Labour Force Survey estimates are based on a sample and are therefore subject to sampling variability. As a result, estimates will show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. Estimates for smaller geographic areas also have more variability. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, see Section 7 of this publication.

See the geographical maps for the economic regions on the LFS survey page for more information.

Brief descriptions of the economic regions currently used and their associated census divisions are provided below.

Newfoundland and Labrador
Avalon Peninsula: Division No. 1.
1020 and 1040
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay: Division No. 2, Division No. 3, Division No. 6, Division No. 7, and Division No. 8.
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador: Division No. 4, Division No. 5, Division No. 9, Division No. 10, and Division No. 11.

Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island: Kings, Queens and Prince.

Nova Scotia
Cape Breton: Inverness, Richmond, Cape Breton, and Victoria.
North Shore: Colchester, Cumberland, Pictou, Guysborough, and Antigonish.
Annapolis Valley: Annapolis, Kings and Hants.
Southern: Shelburne, Yarmouth, Digby, Queens, and Lunenburg.
Halifax: Halifax.

New Brunswick
Campbellton–Miramichi: Northumberland, Restigouche and Gloucester.
Moncton–Richibucto: Albert, Westmorland and Kent.
Saint John–St. Stephen: Saint John, Charlotte and Kings.
Fredericton–Oromocto: Sunbury, Queens and York.
Edmundston–Woodstock: Carleton, Victoria and Madawaska.

Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine: Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Le Rocher-Percé, La Côte-de-Gaspé, La Haute-Gaspésie, Bonaventure, and Avignon.
Bas-Saint-Laurent: La Matapédia, Matane, La Mitis, Rimouski-Neigette, Les Basques, Rivière-du-Loup, Témiscouata, and Kamouraska.
Capitale-Nationale: Charlevoix- Est, Charlevoix, L’Île-d’Orléans, La Côte-de-Beaupré, La Jacques-Cartier, Québec, and Portneuf.
Chaudière-Appalaches: L’Islet, Montmagny, Bellechasse, Lévis, La Nouvelle-Beauce, Robert-Cliche, Les Etchemins, Beauce-Sartigan, Les Appalaches, and Lotbinière.
Estrie: Le Granit, Les Sources, Le Haut-Saint-François, Le Val-Saint-François, Sherbrooke, Coaticook, and Memphrémagog.
Centre-du-Québec: L’Érable, Bécancour, Arthabaska, Drummond, and Nicolet-Yamaska.
Montérégie: Brome-Missisquoi, La Haute-Yamaska, Acton, Pierre-De Saurel, Les Maskoutains, Rouville, Le Haut-Richelieu, La Vallée-du-Richelieu, Longueuil, Lajemmerais, Roussillon, Les Jardins-de-Napierville, Le Haut-Saint-Laurent, Beauharnois-Salaberry, and Vaudreuil-Soulanges.
Montréal: Montréal.
Laval: Laval.
Lanaudière: D’Autray, L’Assomption, Joliette, Matawinie, Montcalm, and Les Moulins.
Laurentides: Deux-Montagnes, Thérèse-De Blainville, Mirabel, La Rivière-du-Nord, Argenteuil, Les Pays-d’en-Haut, Les Laurentides, and Antoine-Labelle.
Outaouais: Papineau, Gatineau, Les Collines-de-l’Outaouais, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau, and Pontiac.
Abitibi-Témiscamingue: Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Abitibi-Ouest, Abitibi, and La Vallée-de-l’Or.
Mauricie: Mékinac, Shawinigan, Francheville, Maskinongé, and La Tuque.
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean: Le Domaine-du-Roy, Maria-Chapdelaine, Lac-Saint-Jean-Est, and Le Saguenay-et-son-Fjord.
2480 and 2490
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec: La Haute-Côte-Nord, Manicouagan, Sept-Rivières–Caniapiscau, Minganie–Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent, and Nord-du-Québec.

Ottawa: Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry; Prescott and Russell; Ottawa; Leeds and Grenville; and Lanark.
Kingston–Pembroke: Frontenac, Lennox and Addington, Hastings, Prince Edward, and Renfrew.
Muskoka–Kawarthas: Northumberland, Peterborough, Kawartha Lakes, Muskoka, and Haliburton.
Toronto: Durham, York, Toronto, Peel, and Halton (Toronto part).
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie: Dufferin, Wellington, Waterloo, and Simcoe.
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula: Halton (Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula part), Hamilton, Niagara, Haldimand-Norfolk, and Brant.
London: Oxford, Elgin and Middlesex.
Windsor–Sarnia: Chatham-Kent, Essex and Lambton.
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula: Perth, Huron, Bruce, and Grey.
Northeast: Nipissing, Parry Sound, Manitoulin, Sudbury, Greater Sudbury, Timiskaming, Cochrane, and Algoma.
Northwest: Thunder Bay, Rainy River and Kenora.

Southeast: Division No. 1, Division No. 2 and Division no. 12.
4620 and 4640
South Central and North Central: Division No. 3, Division No. 4, Division No. 8, Division No. 9, and Division No. 10.
Southwest: Division No. 5, Division No. 6, Division No. 7, and Division No. 15.
Winnipeg: Division No. 11.
Interlake: Division No. 13, Division No. 14 and Division No. 18.
4670 and 4680
Parklands and North: Division No. 16, Division No. 17, Division No. 19, Division No. 20, Division No. 21, Division No. 22, and Division No. 23.

Regina–Moose Mountain: Division No. 1, Division No. 2 and Division No. 6.
Swift Current–Moose Jaw: Division No. 3, Division No. 4, Division No. 7, and Division No. 8.
Saskatoon–Biggar: Division No. 11, Division No. 12 and Division No. 13.
Yorkton–Melville: Division No. 5, Division No. 9 and Division No. 10.
4750 and 4760
Prince Albert and Northern: Division No. 14, Division No. 15, Division No. 16, Division No. 17, and Division No. 18.

Lethbridge–Medicine Hat: Division No. 1, Division No. 2 and Division No. 3.
Camrose–Drumheller: Division No. 4, Division No. 5, Division No. 7, and Division No. 10.
Calgary: Division No. 6.
4840 and 4870
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River: Division No. 9, Division No. 13, Division No. 14, Division No. 15, Division No. 17, Division No. 18, and Division No. 19.
Red Deer: Division No. 8.
Edmonton: Division No. 11.
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake: Division No. 12 and Division No. 16.

British Columbia
Vancouver Island and Coast: Capital, Cowichan Valley, Nanaimo, Alberni-Clayoquot, Strathcona, Comox Valley, Powell River, Mount Waddington, and Central Coast.
Lower Mainland–Southwest: Fraser Valley, Greater Vancouver, Sunshine Coast, and Squamish-Lillooet.
Thompson–Okanagan: Okanagan-Similkameen, Thompson-Nicola, Central Okanagan, North Okanagan, and Columbia-Shuswap.
Kootenay: East Kootenay, Central Kootenay and Kootenay Boundary.
Cariboo: Cariboo and Fraser-Fort George.
5960 and 5970
North Coast and Nechako: Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Kitimat-Stikine, Bulkley-Nechako, and Stikine.
Northeast: Peace River and Northern Rockies.

Employment insurance economic region (EIER)

In compliance with the Employment Insurance Act, the Labour Force Survey publishes seasonally adjusted, three-month moving average unemployment rates for employment insurance economic regions (EIERs). These rates are generally used to determine eligibility, benefit entitlement and weekly amount of benefits for persons living within a particular EIER.

The boundaries of these regions are determined by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and are currently based on 1996 Census boundaries, with the exception of those in Prince Edward Island and in the territories, which respect the 2011 Census boundaries.

For geographic descriptions and maps of employment insurance economic regions, see the ESDC website.

The employment insurance economic regions are outlined below by province.

Newfoundland and Labrador

01. St. John’s; 02. Newfoundland and Labrador.

Prince Edward Island

65. Charlottetown; 66. Prince Edward Island.

Nova Scotia

04. Eastern Nova Scotia; 05. Western Nova Scotia; 06. Halifax.

New Brunswick

07. Fredericton–Moncton–Saint John; 08. Madawaska–Charlotte; 09. Restigouche–Albert.


10. Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine; 11. Quebec; 12. Trois-Rivières; 13. South Central Quebec; 14. Sherbrooke; 15. Montérégie; 16. Montreal; 17. Central Quebec; 18. North Western Quebec; 19. Lower Saint Lawrence and North Shore; 20. Hull; 21. Chicoutimi–Jonquière.


22. Ottawa; 23. Eastern Ontario; 24. Kingston; 25. Central Ontario; 26. Oshawa; 27. Toronto; 28. Hamilton; 29. St. Catharines; 30. London; 31. Niagara; 32. Windsor; 33. Kitchener; 34. Huron; 35. South Central Ontario; 36. Sudbury; 37. Thunder Bay; 38. Northern Ontario.


39. Winnipeg; 40. Southern Manitoba; 41. Northern Manitoba.


42. Regina; 43. Saskatoon; 44. Southern Saskatchewan; 45. Northern Saskatchewan.


46. Calgary; 47. Edmonton; 48. Northern Alberta; 49. Southern Alberta.

British Columbia

50. Southern Interior British Columbia; 51. Abbotsford; 52. Vancouver; 53. Victoria; 54. Southern Coastal British Columbia; 55. Northern British Columbia.


59. Whitehorse; 60. Yukon (excluding Whitehorse).

Northwest Territories

61. Yellowknife; 62. Northwest Territories (excluding Yellowknife).


63. Iqaluit; 64. Nunavut (excluding Iqaluit).

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