Multiple jobholding, by age

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Moonlighting is now more common among women than men

  • From 1976 to 2007, the number of Canadians working at two or more jobs or businesses has more than quadrupled (from 207,000 to 891,000). In contrast, overall employment has grown only 71.0%. Multiple-job holders accounted for 5.3% of all workers in 2007. This proportion changed appreciably from 1976 to 1990, climbing from 2.1% to nearly 5% in 1993 and then leveling off. Multiple-job holding is a way of life for a rising number of Canadians. Nevertheless, most people continue to hold only one job.

  • Men have traditionally accounted for the majority of multiple-job holders—they made up 75.3% of the total in 1976. However, since then the number of women working at two or more jobs increased at a much faster pace than that of men, and by 1995 as many women were moonlighting as men. This upward trend for women continued into 2007, when 6.2% of employed women were moonlighting, compared with 4.5% of men.

  • In 2007, workers aged 20 to 24 were more likely to moonlight (7.4% of the workers in that age group) than workers in other age groups.

  • Since 1976, the growth in multiple-job holding has been strongest among people working part time in their main job. In 2007, 10.0% of part-time workers had more than one job, compared with 4.2% of full-time workers.

Chart L.1
Incidence of multiple jobholding, by age, 1976 and 2007

Chart L.1 Incidence of multiple jobholding, by age, 1976 and 2007

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey.

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