The Canadian Labour Market at a Glance
Earnings as a proportion of income, by province
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Albertans report the highest proportion of total income in the form of earnings
The proportion of total income accounted for by earnings varies from province to province. In 2006, for example, earnings represented 83% of the total income of Albertans but only 69% of the income of residents of Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island. Meanwhile, there was a higher proportion of government transfers in Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island (20% and 18%, respectively, versus 8% in Alberta).
There are also provincial differences in the proportion of total income accounted for by retirement and investment income. The national average for total income made up of retirement income was 7% in 2006. Nova Scotia had the highest proportion (10%), while Alberta had the lowest (3%). With respect to the proportion of total income coming from investment income, the average for all Canadians was 4%. Alberta and Ontario were at levels similar to the Canadian average, and British Columbia (5%) had the highest level. Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan (each at 3%) were at slightly lower levels, followed by New Brunswick (2%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (1%).
Earnings as a proportion of total income,
by province, 2006
Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, CANSIM table 202-0404.
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