Table 6-1
Labour force characteristics — by province and economic region,1 unadjusted for seasonality, 3 month moving average ending in January 2015 and January 2016

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Labour force characteristics — by province and economic region,1 unadjusted for seasonality, 3 month moving average ending in January 2015 and January 2016
Table summary
This table displays the labour force characteristics by province and economic region. The data in this table is unadjusted for seasonality, three-month moving average. The row headers provide information for Canada, the provinces and the economic regions for the current month and the same month the previous year. The column headers provide information on the labour force characteristics (in thousands) and rates (in percent).
  Population Labour force Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
Labour force Employment Unemployment
  in thousands percent
Canada  
2015 29,116.1 18,950.0 17,725.7 1,224.4 65.1 6.5 60.9
2016 29,420.0 19,188.7 17,856.7 1,332.0 65.2 6.9 60.7
Newfoundland and Labrador  
2015 443.3 263.4 232.0 31.4 59.4 11.9 52.3
2016 443.1 265.8 227.0 38.9 60.0 14.6 51.2
Avalon Peninsula [1010]  
2015 232.2 152.7 140.7 12.1 65.8 7.9 60.6
2016 233.6 147.9 133.4 14.6 63.3 9.9 57.1
South Coast-Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame-Central Bonavista Bay [1020, 1040]  
2015 123.5 61.9 49.9 12.0 50.1 19.4 40.4
2016 122.4 64.8 51.1 13.6 52.9 21.0 41.7
West Coast-Northern Peninsula-Labrador [1030]  
2015 87.5 48.7 41.4 7.3 55.7 15.0 47.3
2016 87.1 53.1 42.5 10.6 61.0 20.0 48.8
Prince Edward Island  
2015 120.7 80.8 70.7 10.1 66.9 12.5 58.6
2016 121.2 78.9 69.7 9.2 65.1 11.7 57.5
Nova Scotia  
2015 784.0 485.7 443.9 41.8 62.0 8.6 56.6
2016 787.0 481.2 439.2 41.9 61.1 8.7 55.8
Cape Breton [1210]  
2015 107.6 58.7 49.8 8.9 54.6 15.2 46.3
2016 106.6 52.7 43.6 9.1 49.4 17.3 40.9
North Shore [1220]  
2015 129.2 71.2 62.9 8.3 55.1 11.7 48.7
2016 128.6 77.0 70.3 6.7 59.9 8.7 54.7
Annapolis Valley [1230]  
2015 102.5 57.3 53.0 4.2 55.9 7.3 51.7
2016 102.7 58.7 54.2 4.5 57.2 7.7 52.8
Southern [1240]  
2015 98.7 56.6 50.9 5.7 57.3 10.1 51.6
2016 98.1 54.0 47.8 6.2 55.0 11.5 48.7
Halifax [1250]  
2015 346.0 241.9 227.2 14.7 69.9 6.1 65.7
2016 351.0 238.8 223.3 15.5 68.0 6.5 63.6
New Brunswick  
2015 621.8 384.9 345.3 39.7 61.9 10.3 55.5
2016 622.0 379.3 344.7 34.6 61.0 9.1 55.4
Campbellton-Miramichi [1310]  
2015 129.6 70.5 57.4 13.0 54.4 18.4 44.3
2016 128.7 71.0 60.4 10.6 55.2 14.9 46.9
Moncton-Richibucto [1320]  
2015 176.1 113.2 104.4 8.8 64.3 7.8 59.3
2016 177.2 110.3 101.9 8.3 62.2 7.5 57.5
Saint John-St. Stephen [1330]  
2015 142.5 90.2 82.7 7.5 63.3 8.3 58.0
2016 141.9 87.6 80.5 7.1 61.7 8.1 56.7
Fredericton-Oromocto [1340]  
2015 109.4 71.1 65.3 5.8 65.0 8.2 59.7
2016 110.4 71.6 66.4 5.2 64.9 7.3 60.1
Edmundston-Woodstock [1350]  
2015 64.3 40.0 35.5 4.5 62.2 11.3 55.2
2016 63.8 38.9 35.6 3.3 61.0 8.5 55.8
Quebec  
2015 6,822.2 4,353.6 4,027.8 325.7 63.8 7.5 59.0
2016 6,862.5 4,395.9 4,061.8 334.1 64.1 7.6 59.2
Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine [2410]  
2015 78.6 40.6 32.9 7.7 51.7 19.0 41.9
2016 77.7 42.6 35.2 7.4 54.8 17.4 45.3
Bas-Saint-Laurent [2415]  
2015 170.4 90.4 82.8 7.6 53.1 8.4 48.6
2016 169.6 94.2 85.7 8.6 55.5 9.1 50.5
Capitale-Nationale [2420]  
2015 614.6 400.6 378.1 22.5 65.2 5.6 61.5
2016 619.0 420.8 400.2 20.6 68.0 4.9 64.7
Chaudière-Appalaches [2425]  
2015 349.1 233.5 221.6 11.9 66.9 5.1 63.5
2016 349.4 228.3 215.6 12.8 65.3 5.6 61.7
Estrie [2430]  
2015 268.5 170.7 159.9 10.8 63.6 6.3 59.6
2016 269.9 163.6 153.0 10.6 60.6 6.5 56.7
Centre-du-Québec [2433]  
2015 200.0 117.2 105.2 12.0 58.6 10.2 52.6
2016 200.7 116.5 108.7 7.8 58.0 6.7 54.2
Montérégie [2435]  
2015 1,246.6 821.1 775.0 46.1 65.9 5.6 62.2
2016 1,254.6 834.1 787.3 46.8 66.5 5.6 62.8
Montréal [2440]  
2015 1,656.4 1,047.3 949.7 97.6 63.2 9.3 57.3
2016 1,671.9 1,072.3 957.5 114.8 64.1 10.7 57.3
Laval [2445]  
2015 350.0 240.9 225.8 15.1 68.8 6.3 64.5
2016 353.1 214.8 196.3 18.5 60.8 8.6 55.6
Lanaudière [2450]  
2015 409.7 272.0 252.4 19.7 66.4 7.2 61.6
2016 412.9 269.2 249.7 19.5 65.2 7.2 60.5
Laurentides [2455]  
2015 490.0 314.8 289.4 25.4 64.2 8.1 59.1
2016 495.0 324.8 308.5 16.3 65.6 5.0 62.3
Outaouais [2460]  
2015 317.4 208.3 191.2 17.0 65.6 8.2 60.2
2016 319.1 216.9 201.9 15.0 68.0 6.9 63.3
Abitibi-Témiscamingue [2465]  
2015 120.4 77.6 71.2 6.4 64.5 8.2 59.1
2016 120.5 76.2 71.7 4.6 63.2 6.0 59.5
Mauricie [2470]  
2015 225.9 125.2 117.5 7.7 55.4 6.2 52.0
2016 225.4 128.6 114.6 14.0 57.1 10.9 50.8
Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean [2475]  
2015 232.3 139.0 126.5 12.6 59.8 9.1 54.5
2016 231.8 136.0 124.8 11.2 58.7 8.2 53.8
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec [2480, 2490]  
2015 92.0 54.3 48.7 5.6 59.0 10.3 52.9
2016 91.9 56.8 51.2 5.6 61.8 9.9 55.7
Ontario  
2015 11,320.2 7,328.1 6,845.1 482.9 64.7 6.6 60.5
2016 11,445.0 7,394.0 6,919.2 474.9 64.6 6.4 60.5
Ottawa [3510]  
2015 1,091.9 738.9 691.9 47.0 67.7 6.4 63.4
2016 1,101.9 724.4 681.7 42.6 65.7 5.9 61.9
Kingston-Pembroke [3515]  
2015 376.7 223.7 206.9 16.9 59.4 7.6 54.9
2016 377.5 209.8 195.7 14.1 55.6 6.7 51.8
Muskoka-Kawarthas [3520]  
2015 325.2 200.7 187.3 13.4 61.7 6.7 57.6
2016 327.1 165.2 156.7 8.5 50.5 5.1 47.9
Toronto [3530]  
2015 5,311.7 3,471.3 3,223.6 247.7 65.4 7.1 60.7
2016 5,398.4 3,603.3 3,363.2 240.1 66.7 6.7 62.3
Kitchener-Waterloo-Barrie [3540]  
2015 1,070.1 743.1 705.7 37.5 69.4 5.0 65.9
2016 1,083.2 755.3 715.8 39.5 69.7 5.2 66.1
Hamilton-Niagara Peninsula [3550]  
2015 1,193.1 742.1 699.0 43.2 62.2 5.8 58.6
2016 1,203.4 764.1 711.0 53.1 63.5 6.9 59.1
London [3560]  
2015 551.5 342.7 322.4 20.3 62.1 5.9 58.5
2016 555.4 347.1 329.9 17.2 62.5 5.0 59.4
Windsor-Sarnia [3570]  
2015 524.3 325.0 299.7 25.3 62.0 7.8 57.2
2016 524.5 311.9 286.5 25.3 59.5 8.1 54.6
Stratford-Bruce Peninsula [3580]  
2015 245.7 161.0 152.7 8.2 65.5 5.1 62.1
2016 245.9 148.0 139.6 8.4 60.2 5.7 56.8
Northeast [3590]  
2015 457.9 274.0 257.1 16.9 59.8 6.2 56.1
2016 456.5 259.0 239.5 19.6 56.7 7.6 52.5
Northwest [3595]  
2015 172.1 105.4 98.8 6.5 61.2 6.2 57.4
2016 171.2 106.0 99.5 6.5 61.9 6.1 58.1
Manitoba  
2015 981.5 665.5 630.8 34.7 67.8 5.2 64.3
2016 992.1 667.3 629.0 38.3 67.3 5.7 63.4
Southeast [4610]  
2015 88.1 60.5 57.3 3.2 68.7 5.3 65.0
2016 90.0 60.5 57.1 3.4 67.2 5.6 63.4
South Central and North Central [4620, 4640]  
2015 83.9 59.2 57.4 1.8 70.6 3.0 68.4
2016 85.0 55.3 53.2 2.0 65.1 3.6 62.6
Southwest [4630]  
2015 87.8 59.5 57.5 2.0 67.8 3.4 65.5
2016 88.1 59.1 55.4 3.7 67.1 6.3 62.9
Winnipeg [4650]  
2015 590.5 400.7 377.1 23.5 67.9 5.9 63.9
2016 598.1 405.8 380.7 25.1 67.8 6.2 63.7
Interlake [4660]  
2015 74.5 48.6 46.4 2.1 65.2 4.3 62.3
2016 75.2 49.4 47.0 2.4 65.7 4.9 62.5
Parklands and Northern [4670, 4680]  
2015 56.8 37.0 35.1 2.0 65.1 5.4 61.8
2016 55.6 37.3 35.6 1.7 67.1 4.6 64.0
Saskatchewan  
2015 857.0 589.5 566.8 22.6 68.8 3.8 66.1
2016 865.0 603.2 570.7 32.5 69.7 5.4 66.0
Regina-Moose Mountain [4710]  
2015 260.8 187.6 181.2 6.4 71.9 3.4 69.5
2016 264.7 193.1 185.4 7.8 73.0 4.0 70.0
Swift Current-Moose Jaw [4720]  
2015 82.7 54.2 53.0 1.2 65.5 2.2 64.1
2016 82.4 54.4 52.5 1.9 66.0 3.5 63.7
Saskatoon-Biggar [4730]  
2015 292.0 205.6 196.9 8.7 70.4 4.2 67.4
2016 297.7 208.8 196.6 12.1 70.1 5.8 66.0
Yorkton-Melville [4740]  
2015 62.9 40.1 38.7 1.4 63.8 3.5 61.5
2016 62.2 38.4 35.9 2.5 61.7 6.5 57.7
Prince Albert and Northern [4750, 4760]  
2015 158.5 101.9 97.1 4.8 64.3 4.7 61.3
2016 158.0 108.6 100.2 8.3 68.7 7.6 63.4
Alberta  
2015 3,317.4 2,395.9 2,291.6 104.3 72.2 4.4 69.1
2016 3,379.2 2,439.5 2,269.8 169.7 72.2 7.0 67.2
Lethbridge-Medicine Hat [4810]  
2015 229.6 149.9 144.3 5.6 65.3 3.7 62.8
2016 230.3 157.8 148.8 9.1 68.5 5.8 64.6
Camrose-Drumheller [4820]  
2015 161.7 110.9 106.3 4.6 68.6 4.1 65.7
2016 161.9 108.7 101.9 6.7 67.1 6.2 62.9
Calgary [4830]  
2015 1,248.6 910.8 871.1 39.7 72.9 4.4 69.8
2016 1,279.6 921.5 851.7 69.8 72.0 7.6 66.6
Banff-Jasper-Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca-Grande Prairie-Peace River [4840, 4870]  
2015 276.2 206.8 199.2 7.6 74.9 3.7 72.1
2016 277.4 198.1 182.3 15.7 71.4 7.9 65.7
Red Deer [4850]  
2015 168.4 126.9 120.7 6.2 75.4 4.9 71.7
2016 171.5 118.6 110.7 7.9 69.2 6.7 64.5
Edmonton [4860]  
2015 1,116.8 801.0 765.3 35.7 71.7 4.5 68.5
2016 1,140.5 843.6 791.4 52.2 74.0 6.2 69.4
Wood Buffalo-Cold Lake [4880]  
2015 116.1 89.6 84.8 4.8 77.2 5.4 73.0
2016 118.1 91.3 83.0 8.2 77.3 9.0 70.3
British Columbia  
2015 3,848.1 2,402.8 2,271.6 131.1 62.4 5.5 59.0
2016 3,903.0 2,483.6 2,325.7 157.9 63.6 6.4 59.6
Vancouver Island and Coast [5910]  
2015 652.0 372.0 352.6 19.5 57.1 5.2 54.1
2016 657.9 388.0 360.3 27.7 59.0 7.1 54.8
Lower Mainland-Southwest [5920]  
2015 2,395.6 1,522.7 1,437.3 85.4 63.6 5.6 60.0
2016 2,439.5 1,591.6 1,502.2 89.4 65.2 5.6 61.6
Thompson-Okanagan [5930]  
2015 429.7 260.3 245.5 14.8 60.6 5.7 57.1
2016 433.2 263.6 241.6 22.0 60.8 8.3 55.8
Kootenay [5940]  
2015 121.9 73.4 69.6 3.8 60.2 5.2 57.1
2016 122.1 71.0 65.4 5.6 58.1 7.9 53.6
Cariboo [5950]  
2015 127.1 88.3 83.9 4.4 69.5 5.0 66.0
2016 127.6 82.8 76.3 6.5 64.9 7.9 59.8
North Coast and Nechako [5960, 5970]  
2015 66.4 44.5 42.3 2.1 67.0 4.7 63.7
2016 66.6 43.0 40.0 3.0 64.6 7.0 60.1
Northeast [5980]  
2015 55.4 41.6 40.5 x 75.1 x 73.1
2016 56.1 43.7 40.0 3.7 77.9 8.5 71.3
For geographic descriptions of economic regions, refer to the Guide to the Labour Force Survey (catalogue number  71-543-GIE).
Note(s):
Estimates in this table are based on 2011 Census boundaries. Related CANSIM table 282-0122.
Date modified: